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Lydia la Rivière-Zijdel International Consultant Gender and Disability Chair DCDD

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From CEDAW to Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities Disabled women and girls’ rights becoming a reality. Lydia la Rivière-Zijdel International Consultant Gender and Disability Chair DCDD

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From CEDAW to Convention on the rights of persons with disabilitiesDisabled women and girls’ rights becoming a reality

Lydia la Rivière-Zijdel

International Consultant Gender and Disability Chair DCDD

European Conference on Disability & Development Cooperation IDDC 20-21 November 2006, Brussels

disabled women and girls and un conventions
Disabled women and girls and UN Conventions
  • Universal Declaration of the Human Rights (1948)
  • Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons (1975)
  • Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities van (1993)
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW (1979)
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (1990)
  • Beijing Platform for Action (1995)

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

dp in developing countries
DP in Developing countries
  • > 600 million disabled people world-wide
  • In developing countries:
    • 70% of the adults
    • 87% of the children
  • Estimations disabled women
    • 53% in industrial countries
    • 58 to 63% in developing countries

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

from cedaw to crpwd
From Cedaw to CRPwD

CEDAW:

  • For all women!?
  • Is anti-discrimination convention

Beijing Platform for Action

  • First mentioning of disabled women/girls

Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities

  • Milestone for women and girls on of August 25th, 2006

1979

2006

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

cedaw im possibilities
CEDAW (im-) possibilities
  • 1979No mentioning of disabled women/girls
  • 1991Gen. recommendation nr. 19:

after 60 periodic (annual) reports:

    • recommendation to state parties to include disabled women in reports
    • special measures on right to education, employment, health services and social security, and participation in all areas of social and cultural life.
  • 1992Recommendation on violence
    • Includes mentioning disabled women
  • 2004 Gen. recommendation nr. 25
    • Art. 12 refers to disability and multiple discrimination

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

beijing platform for action
Beijing Platform for Action
  • 1995 200 disabled women present in Beijing
    • from 25 countries
    • 1st time to attend a women’s mainstream conference
    • mentioning of disability in art 32
  • 2000 1st review
    • reference to disabled women
      • 65 disabled women from 31 countries present
  • 2005 2nd review
    • no reference to disabled women

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

convention rights of child
Convention Rights of Child
  • 1990 Mentioning in Art 2
    • disability and sex
    • in relation to discrimination
  • Art 23
    • 4 articles referring to disabled children
    • no specific mentioning of disabled girls
    • no link between sex and disability
  • In entire text no mentioning of gender

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

process to include women
Process to include women
  • Convincing
    • Disability organisations
    • Government delegates
  • EU member states tough opponents
    • Especially female delegates
      • Fear for loosing out on CEDAW
  • Gender = what works for women works for men too!
  • Twin-track approach!

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

un convention rpwd
UN Convention RPwD

The most important for disabled women and girls

Art 6 Women with Disabilities

    • Legal base for women’s rights

Other mentioning

  • Preamble(q)
    • recognition of violence
  • Art 3 General principles
    • equality between men and women
  • Art 16 Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse
    • women specific legislation
    • (not all demands met!)
  • Art 28 Adequate standard of living and social protection
    • social protection programmes and poverty reduction programmes

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

women and girls within the convention
Women and girls within the Convention

Mentioning of gender in:

  • Preamble (s):
    • gender perspective in promoting rights
  • Art 16 Violence
    • all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse, including their gender based aspects
    • gender­ and age-sensitive assistance and support
    • protection services, gender sensitive
    • recovery and reintegration: gender specific needs

Mentioning of gender in:

  • Art 25 Health
    • health services, incl. health-related rehabilitationgender-sensitive
  • Provide sexual and reproductive health programs
  • Art 25 Employment
    • Protection from harassment
  • Art 34 Committee on the rights of PwD
    • balanced gender representation

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

women and girls within the convention1
Women and girls within the Convention

Mentioning of sex in:

  • Preamble (p)
    • multiple or aggravated forms of discrimination on the basis
  • Art 8 Awareness raising
    • combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices incl. based on sex

NOT MENTIONED (within)

  • Education
  • Employment
  • Reproductive Rights
  • Forced abortion and sterilisation
  • International cooperation

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

convention process
Convention process

UN Convention requires Paradigm Shift

  • from care/charity to autonomy
  • from gender neutral to sex-specific
  • from colonialism to self government

=

from medical model to social model

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

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I AM AFRAID SO LYDIA!

DINAH, WE STILL GOT A BIG JOB TO DO!

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006

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