PROGRAMA NASIONAL DEZENVOLVIMENTUSUKU(PNDS) 19 SEPTEMBER 2014
OVERVIEW • WHAT IS PNDS? • WHY PNDS? • PRINCIPLES OF PNDS • PILOT PROJECTS • CURRENT STATUS • PROGRAM STAFF • COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT TEAM
WHAT IS PNDS? • A National Program of Community Empowerment implemented at village/suku level • It’s valued at $300 million and designed for an eight year program • Every village will receive an average of $50,000 every year to implement their suku priorities • Suku community will be in charge ranging from planning, implementation to maintenance stage
WHY PNDS • Rapid Development Progress in Dili but progress slower in the rural areas • Rapid construction of basic infrastructure in rural areas is key for achieving the goal of Timor Leste Strategic Development Plan (SDP) • SDP provides emphasis on the role of suku communities in the development of their suku and nation\ • Larger investments or infrastructure projects are being addressed through programs such PDD1 and PDD2 but many sukustill feel ignored • Small investments are needed in the rural areas
WHY PNDS? • So the aim of PNDS is to contribute to local development by funding the missing link to services – village basic infrastructure and providing training and job opportunity to suku community • The goal of PNDS is “improved socio-economic conditions and local governance for village men and women in Timor Leste through community managed infrastructure.”
BASIC PRINCIPLES • The implementation of the program is guided by the following principles: • Poverty Reduction • Community Demand Driven • Community Management • Gender Equality • Transparency & Accountability • Participatory Learning • Environmental Protection
PILOT PROJECTS • In 2013, the government decided to do a field test in 30 villages in 5 Districts. • The objectives of the field test were: • To test the Program Operations Manual • To test the line of coordination and communication between District administration and line ministries at subnational levels in terms of suku priorities • To test the mechanism of transferring of grants from National to suku • To learn lessons to further inform the full implementation of the program in 2014
PILOT PROJECTS • The M&E data indicates that there was good community participation in the process. • Overall women participation in the socialization process was 39% • Overall women participation in the priority determination process was 40% • A range of types of projects was implemented under Pilot Project, this include: • Water and Sanitation - 28% • Rehabilitation of community health clinics -2% • Rehabilitation of rural roads including small scale bridge – 21% • Rehabilitation of schools including basket ball courts, soccer fields – 1% • Irrigation Canals – 3% • Other Sectors 47%
CURRENT STATUS • Instead of rolling out the program nation wide and implement it in all 442 at once, the government eventually decided to role it out in three phases. • This decision was based on lessons learned from the pilot projects, the capacity of the government to implement the program in all suku at one go and the scale and the nature of the program itself.
PHASE I • Implement in 149 Suku • All suku have received the block grants • Overall there’s good community participation including women and people with disability • 336 projects are proposed to be constructed ( Irrigation canals, water system, rural roads/bridges, community centres, and rehabilitation of schools and clinics) • In the process of constructing their project priority • First Community Accountability meeting for 50% infrastructure budget execution
PHASE II • Implement in 91 suku • Overall there’s good community participation including women and people with disability • All suku are in process finalizing technical design and BOQ • 219 projects proposed to be constructed (irrigation, water and sanitation, community centres, rural roads, rehabilitation of schools and clinics)
PHASE III • Implement in 202 • Overall community participation is good, including women and people with disability • In the process of suku and aldeia socialization • Establishing community management teams • Opening suku Bank accounts
PROGRAM STAFF • A National Secretariat has been established to provide technical, functional and administrative support to PNDS • The National Secretariat is led by DG of Local Development assisted by two directors of Program Operations and Program Administration and Finance • At District Level – there are 4 categories of staff – District Coordinator, District Accountant, District Engineers and District MIS officer • At Subdistrict District level – there are 3 categories of staff – Subdistrict Social Facilitators, Subdistrict Finance Facilitators and Subdistrict Technical Facilitators. These staff are helping and working directly with the community to implement the program.
COMMUNITY STRUCTURE • In order to implement the program at suku level, the community established 3 community management teams. These include • KPA – Commission for planning and accountability – which is responsible for planning and oversight of the program, • EIP – Program Implementation Team – which is responsible for the implementation of the project • EOM – Operations and Maintenance Team – which is responsible for operations and maintenance of the projects • FS – Suku Facilitators – which responsible for mobilizing the community to participate in the process
OBRIGADO 18 SEPTEMBER 2014