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INTRODUCTION. Vastu Sastra is the ancient Indian science of buildings. Ever since the evolution imparted intelligence to life, creatures have been seeking to build homes.

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Ever since the evolution imparted intelligence to life, creatures have been seeking to build homes.

Homes gave protection to the inmates from the vagaries of nature. It offered protection during weak times like sleep. More so it offered a place to store the assets for the sake of harsher times.

Man’s homes, unlike other creatures has undergone a transformation too. Starting from caves five thousand years ago it has transited through huts, tiled houses and is now in the form of skyscrapers piercing the skies.
Man initially looked for only safety and comfort in the houses that he built. But, gradually it was noted that the building affected his health- both physical and mental.
  • And then astoundingly man noticed that his luck was being altered by aspects of the building. This was acutely noted when he made alterations in the building. Every construction change was followed by a spurt of good or bad luck.
It was then decided that the houses had a bearing on the luck and fortunes of the inmates.
  • The house that man shapes has the powers to shape his fortune.
Unlike other construction sciences, which talk mainly about material and architectural aspects, Vastu also talks about the social and behavioral changes one can expect to happen in their lives by living in certain types of houses.
It has been noticed that people with similar problems live in similar houses.
  • Likewise successful people live in houses comparable in several aspects.
Will you be happy in a house?

Will you prosper?

Will your children succeed in their studies and careers?

Or will your experience in a building be bitter?

Will it lead to sorrows and sickness?

Or will it cause in your business, losses and lethargy?

Some ancient habitation sciences believe you can influence events in your life by redesigning the home or office.
  • For the last two decades thousands of people have benefited by utilising these ancient principles in their modern lives.
Today’s world can be divided as roughly two sections.
  • Those who believe in invisible energies and those who don’t.
  • The rationalist approach that the scientists approve of is that what affects you must be visible.
Scientists feel that perfect explanations are needed to back up theories. Today’s materialistic world would just not take cognizance of what can’t be seen or analytically measured.
  • They disregarded the realm of emotions and energies that are not seen by the eye. The importance was given to those things that had weight. The rapid progress of the newer sciences in the last century has caused this.
The ancient civilisations however believed that “Just because it can’t be seen, doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist!”
Modern science has just discovered that gravity, radiowave, Electro magnetic fields, ultra Sonics, and infra reds rays affect us.
  • And all these are invisible.
You do not consult the meteorologist to find out the relative humidity, wind speed or whether the clouds in the sky are cumulous or nimbus.
  • And yet you do not switch on the washing machine.
  • This is the observatory science.
Based on past experiences and reactions to the occurring events people behave.
  • This characteristic of humankind is primarily responsible for the survival of the species.
  • Man would have gone the way of the dinosaur if he did not have this keen sense of observation.
The caveman knew the lion would eat him but he could eat the deer.

He knew that some berries were poisonous and some tasty.

He knew not to live in the locales of heavy rainfall and storms.

Once he got into agriculture he observed that certain plants came well in certain tracts of land. He linked his knowledge of seasons with that of agricultural aspects and succeeded in growing crops for himself.
  • He certainly did not have the qualified scientist with post- doctoral research to help him out on these matters.
observatory sciences today
  • Many of medical treatments are based on observation too.
  • For a fever you do not take a blood test.
  • You pop in a Paracetomol in your mouth the moment you feel feverish.
Infact even science depends on observation.
  • Great things come out of observing mundane things. Gravitational laws were discovered by observing falling apples.
  • Steam engines by watching vessels on stoves
When man’s keen sense of observation was turned towards architecture it was obvious a science would emerge.
  • Every civilisation that lasted for long had ample time to formulate such an observatory inhabitation science.
When hundreds of people having the same type of troubles have similarities in their homes too does it not give rise to a hypothesis?
What if bedrooms of childless couples look alike?
  • What if the kitchens of people with ulcers look alike?
  • What if many sick factories look alike?
Vastu Sastra was devised by people who observed homes of problem-ridden people.
  • The proponents of the science observed common architectural aspects of such homes and tabulated them.
  • As a next step, they started looking out for similarly built homes and predicting the social problems there.
Doesn’t everybody have a lucky room or corner?
  • Do people not intuitively adjust their desk positions according to past experiences?
  • Do they not have favourite colours?
  • Don’t some houses make you happy and some irritated. Some homes are calm and welcoming. Some will make you want to flee? Does not every house emit a sort of energy?
And almost everybody asks a realtor showing them a property for rent or purchase:
  • “What happened to the guys living here before?”
  • This is not plain inquisitiveness. This is an expression of their sub conscious that warns them that what happened to the previous guy was bound to repeat to them.
It is observed that couples fight more and children cry a lot in rooms with a bad Vastu arrangement.
  • Even pets seem happier when houses are modified by these ancient principles. All this happens due to an undercurrent of energies.
Some houses are uninhabited regardless of proximity and comfort and are soon even termed as haunted houses.
habitation sciences of the world
  • Vastu is not an isolated science. Several cultures all over the world have similar sciences.
The Chinese have Feng Shui, which is a science of inhabitation. Translated as wind and water the science deals on different types of energies within the house and their influence on the inhabitants.
The Egyptians pyramids which predates all other building sciences. The Egyptians without the aid of any major mechanical aid including vehicles with wheels accomplished the construction mainly for the energy harness system that they thought their kings needed after their death.
The Far Eastern cultures as in Bali have a systematic science called space clearing. They use rituals, incense, sound and smoke to clear stagnant energies.
Even primitive societies had some aspects. Through out the world the ancient people feared corners of the rooms and houses. It was here that they knew energy stagnated just like cobwebs. The Eskimos, red Indians and the Mongols built circular homes, which had no corners.
In the past, Vastu Sastra was incorporated in the building by the stone mason himself. The secrets of the science were by word of mouth transferred from one generation of builders to another.
A total transfer was possible because it was usually the sons who inherited the business in India’s organised system of division of labour by castes.
The local masons knew how to build the houses by simple designs, which were of great utility given the local living conditions as well as a good energetic balance within. The background was not training or education in its principles but pure rustic wisdom and intuition.
In the past it was common to have people of several generations living in the same house, even over centuries.
  • This formed an excellent case study.
  • People living in the same type of houses must have similar experiences in life, if the principles of habitation sciences worked.
The science stood vindicated.
  • It was easy to observe their common lifestyles, luck in different aspects as well as health and wealth.
  • . For example some houses might have flourished or some might have suffered in poverty. Others might have had only male children being born or others might have gone childless.
Also a small group of artisans and builders catered to a large area and their architectural styles were predictable and same. Thus when they built similar houses, the people who lived them were found to have common experiences
Gifted people like sages and saints could tabulate common social features of construction designs. They spent most of their lifetimes visiting places and observing homes and forts. Then they wrote several volumes of text on their interpretations.
Vastu Sastra owes its origin and development to several sages like Manasara and texts like the Brahit Samhita.
  • They noted the history of even cities and towns in relation to natural features like hills and rivers. They observed cities withering away because a river changed its course.
  • They saw some cities being looted and ransacked by invaders while others resisted intrusions successfully.
Also people observed that the moment major structural changes took place in home things went haywire.
  • Soon, they could predict the future of the householders based on the design of their house.
  • They did not know why such things happened and ascribed the aspects of this science to religion and occult features.
This science was followed on a daily basis till the onset of the 20th century when the structure of the buildings changed abruptly.
When the shape of the houses changed abruptly the local mason who knew this science was baffled. In a generation the science was almost lost and for a period upto the 70s remained so.
And then those who took up this science as a hobby superimposed the rules of the past on the changing architecture.
  • They could position overhead tanks on the roof, sumps and septic tanks on the outskirts, toilets within the house according to the ancient rules.
But what experts feel today is that Vastu is an observatory science.
  • By observing the lives of people in the same or similar houses proponents of the science have documented the results one could expect for a type of construction or positioning of a room.
This ability of people to pair their problems with their homes has helped this science to re- emerge.
The question that arises in every mind is
  • Can a science formulated a few thousand years back be effective today?
But hasn’t the structure changed?
  • Yes, indeed.
  • Materials are different, facilities are different and so are shapes and sizes.
With electric current, water can be pumped from very deep bore wells to the top of the house. Hence toilets could come inside the building.
  • The light and ventilation aspect is taken care of by bulbs and fans and that has removed the need for courtyards in the middle of the house.
  • Such technology has enabled man to reach for the sky build multi story homes and flat roofs.
  • But still the underlying principles of shapes sizes and placements help us to superimpose the rules of Vastu in today’s buildings.
Not that there are not hassles.
  • The homes of the earlier days were so similar that the science could be formulated. But today’s houses are so different from each other.
  • The houses of history were well apart and the energetic influence of one family on its neighbour’s was limited. But today homes are crowded.
In the past there were rarely double storied homes. Now the homes reach into the clouds. Vastu was a science based on the land’s effect on its residents. How would the effects differ when people started living high above it? Would the effects differ from a ground floor resident and those living in the seventeenth floor?
The other modern things of the present that could affect the energies are
  • Power plants and factories. These spew pollution and alter the Electro magnetic fields, which will surely alter the energy fields that cause Vastu effects.
Electricity within the house in concealed wiring inside the walls would be causing electric and magnetic fields, which could upset moods and thoughts. Even human nerves send messages by micro electricity and the high voltage current in wires would certainly affect the thought process.
  • The same problem is caused by cell phone towers and radio waves in the proximity
Drainage pipes and sewerage within the floors in proximity to life operations would pollute energy fields.
Newer materials used in paints and construction. Chemical usage in construction materials would alter the energetic configuration in a home.
Vastu is not just a predictive discipline.
  • It is an applied science, which enables man to live in harmony with his environment.
Vastu surely is not a stagnant science. Being an observatory science it just tabulates the social effects of structural defects. The science has undergone a transition parallel to the transformation of the buildings.
  • The main reason for the durability of Vastu is that it is not an occult science. It is based on sound scientific principles like weight and gravity.
Vastu can thus adapt itself to any type of house and predict the possible outcomes of living there.
The house is just like a puzzle to be unraveled. It is also a mirror, which reflects the lives of the people. So powerful is this science that it reveals to its inmates things they don’t know about themselves.
A true science transcends time. It exists even if people do not know about it. Before Newton discovered gravity people were not floating it the air. They were still being attracted to the ground by the force of the earth. Likewise just because anything is not wholly explained does not mean it does not exist. It is just waiting to be proved.
what does bad vastu cause
  • Illnesses ranging from small to major ones could occur if corresponding Vastu errors are present in the house.
  • Arguments and unpalatable happenings could sour the relationships within the home
One could get overwhelmed by work and be assaulted by inefficiency
  • one could also suffer from serious economic problems when bad Vastu prevails. Perpetual shortfalls of cash could become an everyday problem.
what does good vastu give
  • Good Vastu causes peace and amity at home with better relationships.
  • Good Vastu features let you relax and enjoy life better
Positive features allow blooming of hidden talents and throws up opportunities for their success
  • The offices with Vastu allow employees to work at best efficiency.
Any science should have a set of rules, which holds good in any situation.

The aspects should be universal and should hold good under close observation.

But science is an evolving experience
  • The aspect that the earth was globular was totally proven only when man made spacecraft. Till then for three hundred years, it was only a hypothesis.
On the other hand the observatory sciences have a different set of rules altogether.

In observatory sciences, there is just a hypothesis.

For example it will rain if the sky is overcast. Or it will rain in a particular season. More often than not the result obeys the hypothesis.

It may not rain all the time the sky is overcast and rainy seasons may fail, but then more often than not it happens as predicted.


Though an observatory science Vastu has a set of rules that has to be followed.
  • The Law Of Weights is the primary rule in Vastu. Most of Vastu principles can be explained with this rule.
  • There are low weight areas and high weight areas. The Vastu effects occur due to the placement of weights in different areas.
  • Other than that there are a list of rules one has to obey for good results. This list is ever growing as newer things are being observed
vastu and directions
  • Vastu is a science oriented on the directional location of a place.
  • The direction indicates the relative positioning of things.
how do you determine the direction of a place
How do you determine the direction of a place?
  • The simplest way is to look for the sunrise and determine the east. When you face the rising sun to your left is the north and to your right is the south. To your back is the west.
  • But how accurate is this mode of determining directions accurate.
  • Note: the sun migrates north and south every year and only on two days in a year called equinoxes rises exactly in the east.
The better method to find the direction is using a compass. The compass has a magnetized needle, which turns towards north. The other directions are then determined.
It has to be accepted in all honesty that the compass was not used by ancient Vastu Sastris. The Chinese had the knowledge of the compass and were using it for their needs. The Indians however depended on the sun but giving an allowance for its migratory habits.
It is always believed that cities oriented towards the cardinal directions are lucky.
  • The fact is most cities with a history of a hundred yeas or more without major calamities are oriented to the directions. Most roads in these towns would run parallel to the compass directions.
There are some cities, which are not. These have incredible ups and unimaginable downs in their history. Some cities rocked by riots and earthquakes constantly are found cross.
  • A little tilt of the directions is okay.
One has to find out in which direction the road serving the plot exists. Stand inside the compound, face the road and take a compass reading.
If the road is in the east, the plot is considered east facing.
  • If in the south then it is considered south facing.
Finding the bearings is essential in a Vastu forecast, as the science is highly direction specific and direction sensitive.
while using the compass
While using the compass……….
  • Stay away from metallic objects, concrete pillars and beams
  • Do not wear jewelry or watches or hold a cell phone on the hand that is holding the compass.
  • Readings could be flawed if you make these mistakes
The basic principles of Vastu can be explained by law of weights.
  • Some parts of a space can bear and enjoy heavy weights.
  • Some parts of a space cannot bear any weights.
  • Placing a heavy thing in a low weight area causes trouble and likewise keeping a heavy weight area light also causes adversity.
Weight is always not in the true sense and may be symbolic
  • Balancing the weights within a space is the fundamental of Vastu Sastra.
The north east corner of the space ought to be the lightest
  • The southwest corner of a space ought to be the heaviest.
  • The other parts of the space should be in between depending on their distance from these two corners.
Generally the eastern and northern sides of a space should be kept light
  • The western and southern sides of the space should be kept heavy.
All sub soil water bodies like the well or water sump are considered very light. Similarly basements and cellars too are considered light.
  • Taller walls, taller trees and taller buildings are considered to be heavier.
  • Generally higher things are considered to be heavier than their shorter counterparts.
In case of a sloped roof, the higher end heavier than the lower end for more materiel is use to build it and hold it up.
In a building the higher parts are heavier as they possess more matter. The highest point on the terrace is the location with maximum weight. (Look out for the staircase headroom or over head water tank)
symbolic weights
The boss of a company or the head of a division is symbolically the heaviest person in a unit. Hence he should sit to the south or western direction of everybody.
In a house the marital activities are considered symbolically heavier than knowledge gathering activities. Hence couples in wedlock should use the southern and western rooms.
Money making and planning for commercial activities should be placed along west and south walls, whereas prayer and other activities should be placed along north and east walls.
other aspects
  • Other than the principle of weights some other factors are taken into consideration.

Heat, electric current and fire are energies too. They have a capacity to upset the energy flow within the house. Electricity is also considered a hot energy and machinery using it emit electromagnetic energy.

The south east of any enclosed space is ideal for the hot equipment. Similarly even northwest is compatible to heat. Anywhere else this could cause hassles.
This includes stoves, electric appliances, and electricity transmission equipment like transformers.

Some areas have to be maintained very clean.

Litter, clutter, toilets and drainage should be avoided in the northeast. Even brooms and mops should not be in the north east corner of a space.
The northeast is considered almost a holy place and it is recommended that the puja and prayer rooms be kept there.
What is in the neighbourhood counts. If the neighbour does a job that does not emit good energies and vibrations, the house might suffer inspite of good internal design.Neighbourhood
Public places have a habit of drawing out energy too.

Fast moving and noisy traffic or polluted industrial areas too disrupt the energy of a place.

  • Displaying things that remind one of negative happenings like weapons, masks, scenes of battlefield, stuffed animals are all bad energies.
Any space enclosed by a demarcation can be subdivided as zones.
  • Each zone has its own attributes, physical, energetic and also affects certain parts of the human body and psyche.
There are methods of dividing the plot into as many as 81 squares, but dividing a plot into 4 zones is sufficient.
  • Each zone will have one corner of the space and is believed to exhibit the properties of one natural force
  • . Rooms and activities have to be allotted according to the nature of the area and subdivision helps.
Four zones are
the north east zone
Called as the Eesanya and is the entry point of energy.

Needs to be very light and clean.

Ideal for puja rooms and study as well as expansive rooms such as living rooms.

Ideal for placing east and north facing doors.

Human nature; religion and education.

the north east zone131
Controls prosperity and future of the family as it is the entry point for energy. Avoid toilets and kitchens here, in buildings. Avoid tall trees in the garden.THE NORTH EAST ZONE
the south east zone
Called as the Agni and is the point of heat energy.

Needs to have hot equipment such as stoves.

In factories this space could have boilers or generators.

Ideal for kitchens, electrical equipment and power connections. Ideal for placing south facing doors.

Human nature; family relationship.

the south east zone133
Controls waste expenditure. Loans, litigation, medical expenses.

Avoid bedrooms and office rooms here, in buildings.

Avoid water bodies in the garden.

the north west zone
Called as the Vayu. It is the point of wind energy, which indicates communication and interaction

Ideal for kitchens, guest rooms and toilets.

Ideal for placing west facing doors.

Human nature; social interaction and disputes.

the north west zone135
Controls confusions, litigation. Good place for toilets and kitchens here, in buildings.

Avoid adult bedrooms but one may keep children bedrooms here.

Shrubs are good here in the garden.

the south west zone
Called as the Nairu. It is the point of heaviness, which indicates weightage in society.

Ideal for bed rooms and cash lockers.

A very bad spot for placing south or west facing doors.

Human nature; wealth, status and respect

the south west zone137
Controls safety and status. Good place for master bedrooms in buildings. Avoid kitchens and toilets.

Avoid water bodies and depressions. Tall trees are good here in the garden.

ucham and neecham
Perhaps the toughest job in Vastu Sastra is the correct placement of doors and gates.

These openings cannot be placed just anywhere in the wall and will have to follow the weight principle.

Ucham areas are good ones to place doors and Neecham areas are bad to place them.

A piece of wall
  • is always considered
  • heavier than a door.
As we have seen earlier the eastern side and the northern sides have to be light.
  • Hence the wall in which the door is to be placed has to be divided as two parts. Depending on the position the wall could be divided as western and eastern halves or northern and southern halves.

Divide the north wall as two halves and place opening in the eastern half.


Divide the eastern wall as two halves and place the opening in the northern half.


Divide the south wall as two halves and place opening in the eastern half.


Divide the Western Wall as two halves and place the opening in the northern half.

to summarise
The best openings are …. .

In the northern façade the north east

In the eastern façade the north east

In the southern façade the south east

In the western façade the north west

Openings in the centre are also good