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SMOKING IS HARMFUL TO HEALTH - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SMOKING IS HARMFUL TO HEALTH. The Latest Research Shows That: Smoking harms nearly every organ of your body, causing many diseases and reducing your health in general.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

SMOKING

IS

HARMFUL TO HEALTH

slide3

The Latest Research Shows That:

  • Smoking harms nearly every organ of your body, causing many diseases and reducing your health in general.
  • Quitting smoking has an immediate as well as long-term benefits, reducing risks for diseases caused by smoking and improving your health in general.
  • Smoking cigarettes with lower tar and nicotine provides no clear benefits to health.
  • The list of diseases caused by smoking has been expanded to include acute myeloid leukemia, cataracts, cervical cancer, kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer, pneumonia, periodontitis and stomach cancer.
slide4

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

BRAIN

The upper image shows a dark area of dead tissue from a stroke while the lower image shows healthy brain tissue.

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to an area of your brain is cut off. Blockage or breakage of blood vessels causes a stroke.

Without blood supply, brain cells start to die, leading to loss of function in that part of your brain.

A serious stroke can lead to permanent damage, including memory loss, loss of speech, paralysis or even death.

Dead tissues from a stroke

Smoking is a major cause of strokes.

slide5

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

EYES

The upper image shows a cataract thatcauses the eye's lens to turn white (opaque).

Cataracts make it more difficult to read, drive a car, or see faces of your family and friends.

Cataract

Cataracts are a leading cause of blindness worldwide.

If you smoke, you have a two to three times greater risk of developing cataracts than a nonsmoker.

slide6

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

GUMS AND TEETH

The upper image shows a serious gum disease called Periondontitis. Spaces develop between the gums and the teeth causing inflammation, loss of bone around the teeth, and progressive infection. If left untreated it can cause teeth to drift apart and fall out.

The lower image shows a healthy mouth.

Smokers have more periodontitisor gum disease than nonsmokers.

slide7

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

MOUTH

The upper image shows a cancerous tumour on the edge of an outstretched tongue while the lower image shows a healthy tongue.

Tobacco can damage cells in the lining of the oral cavity. Mouth cancer occurs when cells in your mouth mutate and grow out of control.

Cancer often appears as lumps and swelling in your mouth. As with many cancers, mouth cancer can spread to other parts of the body.

When people smoke they are at increased risk of getting mouth cancer.

slide8

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

LARYNX (SOUND BOX)

The upper image shows a severe cancer of the larynx, which has surfaced on the neck while the lower image shows a healthy larynx.

Cancer of the larynx occurs when cells mutate and grow out of control.

Most laryngeal cancers begin near the vocal cords, causing hoarseness or other changes in the voice, and possibly spreading to other parts of the body.

Cancer

Smoking causes cancer of the larynx.

slide9

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

FOOD PIPE

The upper image shows a cancerous tumor appears in the food pipe (esophagus) while the lower image shows a healthy esophagus.

Cancer of the esophagus can invade almost any other part of the body, including the liver, lungs, brain and bones.

Cancer

Smoking causes cancer of the food pipe (esophagus).

slide10

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

LUNGS

The upper image shows a lung with cancerous tumours while the lower image shows a healthy lung.

Lung cancer occurs when cells in your lungs mutate and grow out of control. As with many cancers, lung cancer can spread to other parts of your body.

Smoking causes lung cancer.

Smoking causes about 90 percent of lung cancer deaths in men and about 80 percent in women.

Smoking low tar-cigarettes does not substantially reduce the risk of lung cancer.

slide11

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

LUNGS

The upper image shows a color scan of the lungs of an asthma patient. The scan shows the constricted airways.

The lower image shows a healthy lung scan.

The above illustration on the left shows a restricted airway (bronchiole) in the lungs. The area in the middle of the airway narrows due to asthma. The right image shows a healthy airway.

Smoking is related to asthma among children and adolescents.

Asthma is a disease that causes inflammation of the airways, causing them to become constricted, and obstruct airflow in and out of the lungs. There is currently no cure for asthma, which may recur throughout life.

slide12

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

HEART

The upper image shows a damaged heart after a heart attack.

The damage happens when the blood flow through the coronary artery to the heart is blocked and not enough oxygen can get to the heart muscle.

The lower image shows a healthy heart.

Smoking causes heart disease, which is the leading cause of death.

Cigarette smoking has been associated with all types of sudden cardiac death in both men and women.

slide13

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

BLOOD VESSELS

The upper image shows a blocked artery with arthrosclerosis while the lower image shows a healthy artery.

Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, gets worse over time. Deposits of fatty plaques, and scarring and thickening of the artery walls causes it.

Narrowing of the arteries around your heart (coronary artery disease) can prevent the heart from getting as much oxygen-rich blood as it needs. This increases the risk of a heart attack.

Atherosclerosis

Smoking causes atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.

Poisons in the blood from smoking cigarettes contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Most cases of coronary heart disease, stroke, and artery disease are caused by atherosclerosis.

slide14

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

STOMACH

The upper image shows a peptic ulcer in the lining of the stomach while the lower image shows the lower part of a normal healthy stomach.

In severe cases, problems with peptic ulcers can lead to death.

Peptic ulcer

Smoking causes stomach ulcers.

Peptic ulcers are usually caused by the Helicobacter Pylori bacterium and smokers are more likely to develop them.

slide15

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

KIDNEYS

The upper image shows a cancerous kidney while the lower image shows a healthy kidney.

Kidney cancer often spreads to the bones and lungs. Like other cancers, it can also spread to other parts of the body.

Smoking causes kidney cancer.

slide16

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

BLADDER

The upper image shows a cancerous tumour on the inside of the bladder. The growth has the appearance of a cauliflower at the top region of the bladder.

The lower image shows a healthy bladder connected to both kidneys by a thin tube called the ureter.

Tumour

Smoking causes bladder cancer.

slide17

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON THE

PANCREAS

The upper image shows a close-up image of pancreatic cancer while the lower image shows a normal pancreas.

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most serious and deadly of all cancers. The life expectancy of a person diagnosed with pancreatic cancer is approximately three months.

Smoking causes pancreatic cancer.

slide18

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING DURING

PREGNANCY

This is the picture of a five-month old fetus. The white umbilical cord carries oxygen and nutrients from mother to the fetus.

Nicotine in cigarettes may cause the blood vessels to constrict in the umbilical cord and uterus, decreasing the amount of oxygen the unborn baby receives.

Nicotine may also reduce the amount of blood in the baby’s bloodstream, which can contribute to a low birth weight.

Umbilical cord

Smoking is harmful during every part of the development of the baby, and continues to be harmful after a baby is born.

Smoking can cause babies to be born prematurely and to have low birth weight, respiratory diseases, and other illnesses.

Low birth weight is the leading cause of infant death.

slide19

STOP SMOKING

Live a longer & healthier life