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ITU: Committed to connecting the world ITU-T: Providing the global standards Malcolm Johnson Director, ITU Telecommunication Standardization Bureau. France Telecom, 4 April 2008. ITU characteristics. UN specialised agency Unique international public/private partnership

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Committed to connecting the world


Providing the global standards

Malcolm JohnsonDirector, ITU Telecommunication Standardization Bureau

France Telecom, 4 April 2008

itu characteristics
ITU characteristics
  • UN specialised agency
  • Unique international public/private partnership
  • Senior management of 5 elected officials
  • 4 year term, one possible renewal
  • Current management team started January 2007
  • 3 Sectors: Standards; spectrum; development
  • ITU standards called Recommendations
  • Provide the basis for much of today’s information and communications
  • 300 Sector Members
  • 125 Associates
  • 191 Member States
itu t characteristics
ITU-T Characteristics
  • Continuous adaption to market needs
  • Strong developing country participation
  • Work (mostly) done in Study Groups (13 of them)
  • Today, 95% of work is done by private sector
  • Truly global
  • Consensus driven
  • Very flexible
  • Fast, transparent procedures
      • start work: 1 day / few weeks
      • develop work: weeks to 2-3 yrs
      • approve work: average 2 months
        • AAP for technical standards (= 95% of work)
      • publish work: couple of days after approval
  • Common IPR Policy
itu t structure










ITU-T Structure


World Telecommunication

Standardization Assembly




Telecommunication Standardization

Advisory Group



Study Group


Focus Group

Working Party

Questions: Develop Recommendations

itu t hot topics
ITU-T hot topics
  • Next generation network (NGN)
  • ICTs and climate change
  • Bridging the standardization gap
  • IPTV
  • The fully networked car
  • Cybersecurity including identity management (IdM)
  • Ubiquitous networks
  • Videocoding and next generation multimedia conferencing
  • Accessibility
  • Broadband access
  • Packet based transport
  • Fibre optics
work highlights 2007
Work highlights 2007
  • Restructuring of the secretariat (TSB) for increased efficiency
  • 13% more standards published, 39% increase in meetings, 5% reduction in staff
  • Free ITU-T Recommendations (3 million downloaded)
  • The first set of global standards for IPTV
  • First in series of regional Forum on bridging standards gap
  • Direct liaison with 3GPP established
  • ITU member of ICANN Board
  • Joint IETF/ITU-T leadership meeting
  • Common ITU/ISO/IEC IPR policy and guidelines adopted
  • Global NGN standards progressed rapidly (30 Recommendations: requirements, architecture, OAM, signalling protocols, resource control, NNI signalling, NGN testing, and security)
upcoming workshops
Upcoming workshops
  • Symposia on ICTs and Climate Change: April 15-16, Kyoto, and 17-18 June, London
  • The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Challenges and Opportunities for ICT Standards: 21 April, Geneva
  • Innovations in NGN: 12-13 May Geneva
  • Joint ITU-T/IEEE workshop on Next Generation Optical Access Systems: 19-20 June, Geneva
  • Regional Development Forums: Bridging the standardization gap: May: Brasilia, Accra; June: Tashkent; July: Damascus; September: Hanoi
  • ICT Standards and IPR: 1 July
  • Speech and audio coding: 29 August
  • From Speech to audio: bandwidth extension, binaural perception: Lannion,10-12 September
  • IPv6: Gulf, September (joint with NRO)
innovations in ngn 12 13 may 2008
Innovations in NGN 12-13 May 2008
  • Part of initiative to increase dialogue between academia/ITU
  • Follows January 2007 consultation meeting
  • First in a series of ‘Kaleidoscope’ events
  • Will identify new topics for standardization
  • IEEE Communications Society technical co-sponsor
technology watch
Technology Watch
  • Technology Watch surveys the ICT environment for new study topics
  • Technology Watch Briefing Reports provide an up-to-date assessment of promising new technologies. Recent papers:
      • Remote collaboration tools
      • Ubiquitous Sensor Networks
      • ICTs and Climate Change
      • Telepresence
      • High-performance video-conferencing
      • Intelligent Transport Systems
  • Technology Watch Symposium:
      • Networked robotics, Seoul July 2008
  • Under study speech technology; lawful interception (LI); networked robotics;
global standards collaboration
Global Standards Collaboration
  • GSC 13, 14-17 July 2007, Boston, USA
  • The mandate of GSC is to provide a venue for the leaders of the Participating Standards Organizations and the ITU to:
      • information on the progress of standards development…
      • Collaborate in planning future standards development to gain synergy and to reduce duplication.
      • …the mandate of GSC is to provide a venue… to:
      • Support the ITU as the preeminent global telecommunication and radiocommunication standards development organization.
mou between itu and etsi
MoU between ITU and ETSI
  • Considering:
      • ITU as the intergovernmental and universal organization responsible for worldwide standardization of telecommunications
      • ETSI as a regional organization
  • Allows
      • Each organization to use the documents of the other in order to advance its own work
      • Each will also be able to reference standards texts of the other
      • Each organizations experts can participate in the others meetings
itu t and 3gpp
ITU-T and 3GPP
  • ITU-T participates in 3GPP PCG/OP (program coordination group/organizational partner) meetings
  • Iterative process between ITU-T and 3GPP agreed in 2007
  • Input from ITU-T into 3GPP:
      • ITU-T can submit requirements on common IMS either through   
        • a liaison statement, or
        • through an individual 3GPP membership contribution
  • Output from 3GPP into ITU-T: specs on common IMS to be submitted to ITU-T
  • Strengthening ties between 3GPP and ITU-T
      • ITU-T invitation to host 3GPP meetings
      • 3GPP as an ITU-T Focus Group?
      • ITU-T as a 3GPP Partner?
itu t and ieee
  • Feb 2007: Mutual promotion of events of common interest was agreed in February 2007
  • May 2007: IEEE Global Standards and Developing Economies: Broadband Access and Infrastructure Seminar, Tunis May 9-10. ITU-T participation in IEEE-SA Corporate Advisory Group (CAG)
  • May 2007: IEEE 802.1 and 802.3 Interim Meeting hosted by ITU-T in Geneva May 28-31
  • May 2007: Joint ITU-T/IEEE Workshop on Carrier-class Ethernet in Geneva May 31-June 1
  • June 2007: ITU-T welcomes IEEE 802 participants to its 4-15 June SG15 meeting
  • Formal MoU will be signed May 2008 at joint ITU-T/IEEE Kaleidoscope event
  • Joint ITU-T/IEEE workshop on Next Generation Optical Access Systems: 19-20 June, Geneva
itu t and ietf
  • ITU-T / IETF Leadership Gathering21 July 2007
      • Area Directors and Study Group chairmen
  • First Joint ITU-T/IETF group formed March 2008 (T-MPLS)


October 2007 First ITU member of ICANN Board: Reinhard Scholl, TSB Deputy Director

common ipr policy
Common IPR Policy
  • WSC = World Standards Cooperation (ISO, IEC and ITU)
  • Common IPR Policy based on ITU-T policy
  • … strongly encourages the disclosure of known patented technology from the outset.
  • Allows for companies’ IPR to be included in standards as long as it is made available under reasonable and non-discriminatory terms and conditions.
  • WSC also adopted Guidelines for the Implementation of the Common Patent Policy and a Patent Statement and License Declaration Form.
  • Each of the three WSC organizations also has an online patent database.

First Global Standards Symposium

  • To be held day before next ITU World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA), 20 October 2008, Johannesburg
  • Aims to bring together all standards making bodies
  • Themes:
      • Reducing the standardization gap
      • Improving collaboration
      • Climate change
      • Accessibility
  • Marc Fossier speaking
world telecommunication standardization assembly october 2008
World Telecommunication Standardization AssemblyOctober 2008

WTSA sets direction and structure for ITU-T

Meets every four years

Defines the general policy for the Sector

Establishes the study group structure

Approves the work programme

Appoints their chairmen and vice-chairmen

For first time will include exhibition at start

world telecommunication standardization assembly october 200820
World Telecommunication Standardization AssemblyOctober 2008

Possible results:

  • New SG structure with fewer SGs
  • Over 60% new Chairmen and vice-chairmen
  • New fee structure
  • Branding
  • Resolution on ICTs and climate change
  • New working methods to include remote participation
  • New priorities
why participate
Why participate?

Only UN agency dealing with ICT standards

Outreach to 191 countries

High credibility in emerging markets especially Africa, China and more recently India

Opportunities for exercising corporate social responsibilities

Excellent meeting facilities, convenient location

Open, transparent and flexible

Fast working

  • Extension of voice telephony to wider bandwidth (key contribution from FT/CNET). Examples:
      • Ubiquitous voice codec – G711.1 – upgraded to wideband – key for mobile operators
      • Superwideband G.722.1, embedded variable bitrate codecs
  • IPTV work in new stage – IPTV GSI – deliverables published in online compendium
  • Technology Watch ITU-T Briefing Report on Telepresence
  • New generation of multimedia protocols: H.325 or Advanced Multimedia Systems (AMS), taking into consideration security, flexibility, QoS, and support for mobile devices.
  • Widely adopted (Apple, Adobe, Blu-Ray) H.264 video codec
  • New Question on multimedia application platforms and end systems for IPTV in Study Group 16. Proposed new Question on USN.
  • Joint Co-ordination Activity on Home Networking JCA-HN
      • Draft new Recommendation for home networking transceivers using any metallic media in the home.
      • Draft new Recommendation G.hnta on home network transport architecture.
      • Three new Recommendations providing architecture for advanced set-top boxes
ip interconnectivity


IP Interconnectivity
  • GPON interoperability demos at trade shows around the world
  • Upgraded to fibre optic specs to take into account FTTH applications (G.651.1, G.657)
  • ITU-T G.984 Recommendation – G-PON
  • SG 15 looking at energy efficiency in Access technologies
  • ITU-T/IEEE workshop on Next Gen Optical Access Systems, 19-20 June
  • VDSL 2 standardized in 2005

SG 3 submitted a paper, outlining its activities and future work plan on international internet connectivity (IIC).

H.325 or Advanced Multimedia Systems (AMS), set to replace SIP, H.323 for VoIP etc

Protocol work in SG11



  • Recommendation G.1070 gives an algorithm that estimates videophone quality in terms of quality of experience/quality of service (QoE/QoS)
  • ITU-T Recommendation Y.1562, may be used by service providers in the planning, development, and assessment of IP service to check that it meets user performance needs
  • IPTV and other multimedia QoS and QoE issues will see increasing attention in SG12 moving forward
  • Recommendation Y.111 defines the related requirements and functional architecture covering aspects such as resource reservation, admission control and gate control, Network Address Port Translation (NAPT) and firewall control, and Network Address Translator (NAT) traversal.
  • QoS classes defined in Y.1541. Each class is designed to support a group of applications, VoIP, or IPTV for example.
  • G.1030 - provides a framework of tools to estimate end-to-end IP network performance for some user applications.
  • G.1040 - defines a performance metric in IP networks for short transactions, such as trading of stocks, automated banking, and credit card point of sale transactions. 
  • G.1050 - addresses Network Model for Evaluating Multimedia Transmission Performance Over Internet Protocol.


  • Annex K of Recommendation H.324, also known as media oriented negotiation acceleration (MONA) addresses the problem of long set up times for video calls that many perceive as stalling consumer acceptance.
  • Recommendation - Q.1706 - describes the requirements for providing ‘mobility management’ including authentication, authorization, location updating, paging and download of user information.
  • Recommendation Q.1762 / Y.2802 describes the considerations for fixed mobile convergence (FMC), including the fundamental characteristics, service requirements, network capabilities, approach, scenarios and the relevant network environments.
  • Recommendation Q.1763/Y.2803 goes further into the details and provides an example of the implementation of the converged service. It defines the service features, service architecture, and capability requirements of the convergence service between legacy PSTN and ISDN and mobile networks.
  • Q.174X series Recommendations going into the next layer of details describing operation of existing mobile systems.
network infrastructure
Network Infrastructure
  • From standards for optical transport through network management, signalling, performance and QoS through to electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), architecture and interoperability ITU-T Recommendations are the invisible force behind the world’s information and communication technologies.
  • ISDN, SDH and DSL are all familiar abbreviations to ICT professionals and all approved as international standards by ITU-T.
  • Pioneering new work in bringing Ethernet and MPLS into core networks.
  • Work on passive optical networks (PONs) provides an effective way of implementing fibre and is a crucial step towards all-optical networks.
  • Wave division multiplexing (WDM) technology is another example of technology in which ITU-T standards have played a key role.