Newborn: Social-Emotional. emotional development temperament attachment self- development. Emotional Development. birth- all basic emotions : happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness and disgust, fleeting signs– over time become clear well-organized signals.
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problems with sensory reactivity including both hyper and hypo- sensitivity
problems with organization of motor activity and the modulation of affect
trouble with infant’s ability to interact with the external world
difficulty achieving a quiet alert state or a positive affective state
difficulty organizing their physiology
their sensory responses
their behavioral state
Highly reactive to sensory input
easily upset , difficulty in self-soothing, slow to recover from disappointment or frustration, sensitive to lights, touch, noise
Bowlby- infant signals are innate---leads to caretaker response. Over time true affectional bond develops
The pre-attachment (birth - 6 weeks)
Baby has a variety of built-in signals --grasping, smiling, crying and gazing into the adult’s eyes. This helps bring them into close contact with the caretaker. Caretaker responds and is encouraged to remain nearby because the baby is soothed and comforted when picked up or stroked or talked to. Babies have many sensory capacities that help them to be interactive.
Not yet attached to mother because they do not mind being left
with an unfamiliar adult.
but attends to and acts on objects and other people
objects and people to react in predictable ways
Piaget- Sensorimotor stage
Substage 1- reflexive schemes
Basic building blocks of memory are
habituation-repeated presentation of stimulus causes reduced
attention to the stimulus
and suck. He searches for physical contact of the head for
security. He learns to trust a responsive environment. Sucking
is a spontaneous activity that immediately induces a state of
calm whether it is associated with food or not.
sounds from the womb, listens attentively and prefers speech
sounds. Expressive- cries can vary in intensity, produces
guttural sounds. Pain cries are produced.