Title : Who was Buddha?. Do Now: March is “National Sauce Month.” What is your favorite type of sauce? Be sure to include great descriptive words. Agenda. Do Now Hinduism Review Buddhism Lesson Buddha Project. Objective.
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Title: Who was Buddha? • Do Now: • March is “National Sauce Month.” What is your favorite type of sauce? Be sure to include great descriptive words
Agenda • Do Now • Hinduism Review • Buddhism Lesson • Buddha Project
Objective • Students will create a picture mosaic of events from Buddha’s life surrounding the outline of Buddha to show comprehension of his life.
Hinduism Review • We learned a ton last week about Hinduism and I know it was confusing for some of you. • Today you are going to have a chance to review in your interactive notebooks. • You need to choose 2 sections to do from Hinduism: • Choose whichever topic you feel the LEAST comfortable with. This is a great way to get the information you may be struggling with • Hinduism (p. 83-84) • Beliefs of Hinduism (p. 86-87) • Spread of Hinduism (p. 89-90)
Hinduism Review Buddhism • Now that we have had a short review time, we are going to create a only part of a Venn diagram about Hinduism and the religion we will learn this week: Buddhism. • We will finish this on Friday after you have had a complete lesson on it. • On the left side of your notebook, create a large Venn diagram.
Vocabulary • Buddhism: a religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama • Ascetics: people who practice extreme self-denial as part of their religious live • Meditate: calm or empty the mind by focusing on a single subject • Enlightenment: a state of perfect wisdom
Siddhartha Guatama • Siddhartha was raised in luxury and wealth • “ I wore garments of silk, Night and day a white parasol (umbrella) was held over me so I might not be touched by heat or cold, dust, leaves or dew.”
Siddhartha Guatama • As he grew up his father protected him from anything unpleasant • He never saw anyone who was sick, sad or poor. • He married very young and eventually had a son
The Four Passing Sights • The legends say that one day he rode out of the palace without any guards. • He came upon the first of “the Four Passing Sights” • First, He saw an old man leaning on a stick • Second, He then saw a man shrunken by disease • Third, he saw a man who had died and his family was standing around crying • Fourth, he saw a wandering holy man who was homeless and had nothing but seemed content
The Four Passing Sights • That day he made a very difficult decision. He decided to leave his wealth, his comfort, his wife, and his newborn son, to become a monk • Siddhartha decided to search for the same serenity and calmness the holy man had shown. • That night he secretly left the palace and went into the forest.
The Search for Truth • He began his search by studying with Hindu gurus who taught him that life was an endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. • The gurus also taught that there was a path to salvation from the endless cycle but this did not satisfy him
The Path of Self-Denial • Siddhartha then joined a band of religious ascetics • This meant he denied himself of physical comforts • He wore scratchy clothes and didn’t take a bath! • He sat for days in one position while meditating • He began eating less and less and lost a lot of weight
The Path of Self-Denial • After 5 years, his body was very weak and he fainted. • When he woke up it was clear to him that this path was not the path to truth • When offered milk he drank it, this made the ascetics very angry and they deserted him.
The Great Enlightenment • A little while later while sitting under a fig tree meditating for 49 days. • The Legends say he was visited by Mara, the god of desire and death • She tried to tempt him to give up his search by giving him wealth and desirable things • When he denied her, she attacked him with rain and showers of rocks
The Great Enlightenment • He fell into a deeper meditation and saw his past lives • He understood the cycle of birth, death and rebirth • He then became aware that he had escaped that which tied him to the world and had achieved enlightenment • He became the Buddha which means “Enlightened One.”
Awakening the World • Buddha had freed himself from the cycle of rebirth and suffering but instead of being free, he chose to go back into the world to teach others • For the next 45 years he traveled across India, preaching the message of truth and hope
Awakening the World • Buddha’s purpose was to awaken the world to the true nature of life • Only with that understanding could people finally escape the cycle. • He attracted many followers and trained some of them to become teachers • When he died at about 80 his dying words to his followers were: • “ This is my last advice to you. All…things in the world are changeable. They are not lasting. Work hard to gain your own salvation.
Buddha’s Teachings • When Siddhartha Gautama gained enlightenment, he had a flash of understanding • These understandings formed the basis of his teachings
The Middle Way • Buddha began his teaching with the ascetics who had abandoned him earlier. • They tried to ignore him but he was so joyful they couldn’t • The Buddha gave what is called the Deer Park Sermon • He told the ascetics that they would avoid two extremes in seeking wisdom • 1.a life given to pleasures • 2. A life of painful self-denial
The Middle Way • He advised them to follow the middle way • “To keep the body in good health is a duty” • “For otherwise we shall not be able to…keep our minds strong and clear.
Buddha Project • I will give you an outline of Buddha • You need to color pictures and give a caption for important events in Buddha’s life…start in the top left and circle the pictures around clockwise in order of his life • This will be a very helpful study tool later on!