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夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力. 五个方面的教学建议: ( 1 )培养学生扎实的听力基本功; ( 2 )立足课堂,多渠道,全方位地训练学生的听力; ( 3 )全面训练学生的听力技能,帮助学生掌握具体的听力技巧; ( 4 )选择合适的听力材料; ( 5 )科学设计听力教学活动。. 四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力. (一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

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夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力
  • 五个方面的教学建议:

(1)培养学生扎实的听力基本功;

(2)立足课堂,多渠道,全方位地训练学生的听力;

(3)全面训练学生的听力技能,帮助学生掌握具体的听力技巧;

(4)选择合适的听力材料;

(5)科学设计听力教学活动。

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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力

(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

  • 综观多年的高考听力试题的情况,问题与设置多为Wh-问题。人物(who)、事件(what)、时间(when)、地点(where)、原因(why)、方式(how)、程度(how long, how soon, how much)、数字(how many/how much)、选择(which)。
  • 这些内容可为四个方面:
  • (1)概括谈话主旨题;
  • (2)捕捉人物、时间、地点、数字等具体信息;
  • (3)推断对话或独白的背景和双方的关系;
  • (4)判断说话人的观点和态度。
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

1、理解主旨要义题

  • 常用的提问方式
  • What are the two speakers talking about\discussing?
  • What happened to the man \woman ?
  • What did the man\woman do ?
  • What are the speakers doing ?
  • What has the woman done ?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

2.判断人物身份、职业和关系

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • What does the woman\man do ?
  • What’s the woman’s\man’s job?
  • What is the man\woman?
  • What’s the most probable relationship between the two speakers?
  • Who are the two speakers?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

3.地点与时间

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • Where does the conversation take place?
  • Where is the man\woman now?
  • Where are the two speakers?
  • When will the visitors come?
  • When will the man probably get to Beijing?
  • When and where do they agree to meet finally?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

4.数字判断和简单计算

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • When did the plane take off?
  • When will the train arrive?
  • What time is it now?
  • How long did the meeting last?
  • What’s the price of the car?
  • How much per pound are the oranges?
  • How much did the man spend on the tickets?
  • How much does the woman have to pay for the dress?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

5.原因和结果

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • Why is she late\angry\disappointed?
  • Why didn’t\couldn’t he \she go to the theatre?
  • What is the reason for her leaving for New York?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

6.建议、行为与计划

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • What does the man\woman suggest the man\woman do?
  • What does the man\woman mean?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

7.逻辑推理

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • What does he/she mean?
  • What does the man/woman imply?
  • What is the most probable result of the conversation?
  • What can we learn from what the speaker said?
  • What can we infer (conclude) from the conversation?
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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力

(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律

  • 词语的变音现象

1. gonna: going to

2. gotta: (have, has) got to

3. wanna: want to / want a

4. where ya go in? : where are you going?

5. outa: out of

6. c’mon: come on

7. gimme: give me

8. why’d ya…: why did you…

9. ’em: them

10. ’fcourse: of course

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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律
  • 词汇理解

1. call on: visit

2. pick out: choose from

3. put off: delay; post phone

4. be broken: penniless(破产,身无分文)

5. make sth. better: improve

6. be interested in: enjoy sth.

7. line is busy: (a telephone little) in use(占线)

8. be ready for: prepare

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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律
  • 分类归纳

A. 时间与数字:a quarter to nine, before, after, then, until, later, first, second, third,next, last, finally, immediately, double, half, dozen, three times, thirty percent

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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律

B. 不同场所

  • School:teacher, students, exam, homework, have lessons, subjects, be late for, classmate, playground等。
  • Hospital:doctor, patieat, take medicine, have a fever, temperature, pill, examine, take a rest, sleep, stay at home等。
  • Libary:borrow, renew, librarian, magazine, novels, reference books等。
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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律

C. 原因与结果:reason, because, as, for, since, so, as a result, now that, thanks to, owig to等。

D. 转折与否定:I‘m sorry but, I’m afraid not. I don‘t think so. but, however, yet, although, too...to等。

E. 顺承、并列与递进:and, or, but, however, therefore, no, not, besides, except, what's more等。

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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力
  • 1.首先强化词汇,熟练掌握词汇表上的单词,这样才能快速地把听到的单词与记忆中的单词进行意义联系,从而确定听力内容。
  • 2.训练单词辨音能力,如音素、单词音节、单词的重读与弱读等等。考生要牢固掌握语音知识,了解一般的发音规则。
  • 3.训练辨别句子中的意群停顿、单词连续、失去爆破等读音能力。
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四、夯实基础,培养综合运用英语的力
  • 4.训练学生熟练掌握教学大纲中规定的日常交际话题及其相关日常用语,选材接近学生生活题材内容的录音、泛听与精听相结合。
  • 5.重视培养学生良好的听力习惯,多总结、归纳听力的方式、方法、策略与技巧。
  • 6.听力训练要经常性,做到“常”听但不“长”听,每天坚持听录音15—20分钟,并注意循序渐进。