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Dissociative Disorders. Thomas G. Bowers, Ph.D. Penn State Harrisburg. Characteristics. Changes in the sense of identity, memory or consciousness Relatively rare disorders. Dissociative Amnesia Unable to recall important information Often after stressful episode Limited time period

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dissociative disorders

Dissociative Disorders

Thomas G. Bowers, Ph.D.

Penn State Harrisburg

characteristics
Characteristics
  • Changes in the sense of identity, memory or consciousness
  • Relatively rare disorders
types of dissociative disorders
Dissociative Amnesia

Unable to recall important information

Often after stressful episode

Limited time period

Traumatic event

Dissociative fugue state

More extensive memory loss

May assume a new identity

Some purposeful travel

Types of Dissociative Disorders
other dissociative disorders
Dissociative Identity Disorder

At least two separate states of identity

Different modes of thinking and feeling

Long lasting

Also called Multiple Personality

Possible Malingering

Conscious attempt to avoid punishment or make other gains

Ken Bianchi Case

Other Dissociative Disorders
simulation of psychopathology
Simulation of Psychopathology
  • Ken Bianchi - Hillside Strangler
  • Several articles in the International Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
  • Initial evaluation by Watkins indicated MPD
  • Later evaluation by Orne indicated simulation of hypnotic trance state
etiology of dissociative disorder
Etiology of Dissociative Disorder
  • Thought to result from massive repression
  • Parts of the self are “split off” from awareness
  • Behavioral analysis emphases an extreme avoidance response
  • Individuals with MPD may be highly suggestible
etiology of dissociative disorder1
Etiology of Dissociative Disorder
  • There is a link to childhood physical and sexual abuse
  • Severe trauma appears to be associated with the disorder
treatment of did
Treatment of DID
  • Psychoanalytical treatment tends to be the treatment of choice
  • Problems in retrospective memory
  • Often inaccurate