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Vineyards along the Mosel Valley. Luxemburg in figures. Founded in 963 Independent since 1839 Constitutional monarchy 2586 km2 480.000 inhabitants 320.000 working inhabitants 130.000 commuters from Belgium, France and Germany. Luxemburg. History.

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vineyards along the mosel valley

Vineyards along the Mosel Valley

Serge Fischer

Institut viti- vinicole, Remich

luxemburg in figures
Luxemburg in figures
  • Founded in 963
  • Independent since 1839
  • Constitutional monarchy
  • 2586 km2
  • 480.000 inhabitants
  • 320.000 working inhabitants
  • 130.000 commuters from Belgium, France and Germany

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

luxemburg
Luxemburg

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

history
History
  • fifth century A.D): Excavations from that time proof that there has already been vine growing along the Mosel valley
  • 1880: Revival of Luxembourg viniculture vineyards produce

up to 90% from the

Elbling vine, mostly

destined for export to

Germany

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

history1
History
  • 1911: “Fédération des associations viticoles du grand-Duché de Luxembourg”
  • 1918: the Treaty of Versailles ends Customs Union with Germany
  • 1921: first wine producers cooperative
  • 1925: state institute of viniculture (Institut Viti- Vinicole)

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

history2
History
  • 1935: Quality Wine System“Marque Nationale” created by law
  • 1959: extension of the “Marque Nationale”: quality designations “Vin classé”, “Premier Cru” and “Grand Premier Cru”.
  • 1965: wine-growers

solidarity fund (Fonds de solidarité

viticole)

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

history3
History
  • 1988: “Marque Nationale” extended to the Luxembourg sparkling wines.
  • 1991: Marque Nationale “Crémant de Luxembourg”
  • 2000: Marque Nationale “Vin de glace”; “Vendages tardives”; “Vin de paille”

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

vineyards
Vineyards
  • 1300 ha vineyards, 450 producers
  • The Moselle forms a

natural boundary

from Luxembourg

to Germany between

Schengen and Wasserbillig

  • Along these 42

kilometres the height

above sea level drops

from 142 to 129 metres.

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

slide10
Soil
  • Remich canton: Keuper layers preponderate
    • valley is fairly wide open,
    • rounded and softly dropping slopes
    • wines are full-bodied and harmonious like the landscape
  • Grevenmacher canton: mainly limestone rock
    • slow erosion has created a narrower valley with steep dolomitic slopes
    • lively and elegant wine

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

r gion viticole
Région viticole

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

vineyards1
Vineyards

Vine:

  • noble cultured plant
  • many climatic demands, in particular regarding temperature, the amount of precipitation and the hours of sunshine.

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

vineyards2
Vineyards
  • Thanks to its geographic

position, the geological

properties of its soil and the

predominant moderate

sub-atlantic climatic zone,

the Moselle valley satisfies

excellently the conditions

for this type of cultivation

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

varieties
Varieties
  • Riesling 163, 74 ha 12,67 %
  • Pinot Gris 166, 61 ha 12,89 %
  • Pinot Blanc 139, 27 ha 10,77 %
  • Auxerrois 176, 32 ha 13,64 %
  • Pinot Noir 84, 04 ha 6,50 %
  • Gewürztraminer 14, 35 ha 1,11 %
  • Rivaner 397, 48 ha 30,75 %
  • Elbling 136, 07 ha 10,53 %

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

varieties1
Varieties

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

riesling
Riesling
  • “king of wines”
  • Bunch: small to medium-sized
  • Grapes: small, round and

yellowish-green in colour

  • ripens late
  • wine of distinctive refinement,

breed and of lovely elegance

  • Bouquet: particularly exquisite

and delicate

  • 13% of the vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

pinot gris
Pinot Gris
  • vine originated from mutations of Pinot Noir.
  • bunch: medium-sized, compact
  • grapes of medium thickness, pink shade with a grey reflection
  • ripens medium late
  • unmistakable typical wine, full-bodied, rich in various extracts

which make up its opulence

  • 14 % of the vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

pinot blanc
Pinot Blanc
  • mutation of the Pinot Gris variety
  • bunch: medium-sized, compact
  • grapes compressed,
  • colour yellowish-green
  • ripens medium late
  • pleasant freshness, elegant,

convincing clinging softness

  • 11 % of the

vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

auxerrois
Auxerrois
  • bunch is of medium size
  • grapes are of light-yellow shade, medium-sized,
  • Ripens medium early
  • wine has an excellent body, distinctive bouque
  • very durable, elegant and fruity
  • 14% of the vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

pinot noir
Pinot Noir
  • intended for red, rosé and white wines.
  • Bunches: medium-sized,

compact constitution

  • grapes are of medium size,

dark blue

  • ripens medium late
  • very fruity with elegant bouquet
  • 7 % of the

vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

gew rztraminer
Gewürztraminer
  • Bunch: small to medium and

compact

  • grapes small, round to oval,

reddish-grey shade

  • ripens late
  • wine with an unmistakable

aroma, fruity bouquet,

great elegance

  • 19%

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

rivaner
Rivaner
  • average-size bunch carries

medium-size yellow-green

grapes

  • Ripens early
  • pleasant mild wine with

typical fragrance.

  • wine is drunk when young
  • 29% of the

vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

elbling
Elbling
  • cultivated since Roman times
  • large dense bunches
  • large, egg-shaped grapes
  • ripens medium early
  • Light, fresh wine with a typical acidity

which makes it an excellent

thirst-quenching wine

  • 9 % of the vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

since 2004
Since 2004
  • Pinot Noir précoce
  • Dakapo
  • St Laurent

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

the marque nationale label for local quality wines
The « Marque Nationale »= Label for local quality wines

Governmental Quality Controls:

  • analytical examinations in the laboratory
  • an organoleptic test by the neutral board of expert tasters of the “Marque Nationale”
  • The wine originates from the area of the Luxemburg Moselle

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

slide37
LABEL for wines

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

slide38

LABEL for Crémant

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

organoleptic test tasting
Organoleptic test: Tasting

The special grade mentions are awarded according to the points gained as follows:

  • 12,0 to 13,9 points: Quality wine “Marque Nationale - Appellation Contrôlée”;
  • 14,0 to 15,9 points:Quality wine “Marque Nationale - Appellation Contrôlée” with the grade “Vin classé”;
  • 16,0 to 17,9 points:grade «Premier cru”.
  • >18pts : grade « Grand Premier Cru

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

special grade mentions
Special grade mentions

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

sparkling wines
Sparkling wines
  • label affixed to a bottle = guarantee for the consumer because:
    • cuvée consists entirely of wines of which each one complies with the regulations for the production of quality wines originating at the Luxembourg Moselle
    • the sparkling wine fulfils the qualitative conditions of Luxembourg law and EU

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

sparkling wines1
Sparkling wines

Sparkling wines can be produced either: - by the “traditional method” of fermentation in the bottle, or - by the “tank fermentation process” when fermentation takes place in a closed vessel

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

cr mant de luxembourg
Crémant de Luxembourg
  • The cuvée of basic wines must comply with the quality standards applicable to quality wines
  • A maximum of 100L must can be extracted out of 150 kg grapes
  • Second alcoholic fermentation in bottle
  • Bottle ageing min. 9 month
  • Min CO2 pressure of 4 bar
  • Max total SO2 allowed: 150 mg/l

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

producers
Producers

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

les domaines de vinsmoselle
Les Domaines de Vinsmoselle
  • cultivate a vineyard area of about 804 hectare and cover all the notable appellations of the Luxembourg vine growing area
  • co-operative movement in the Luxembourgish vine growing district goes back to the beginning of the twenties
  • produce several varieties of the“ Crémant de Luxembourg “

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

the private vintners
The Private Vintners
  • 54 domains belong to owners who sell grapes and make wine (274 ha = 21,1%)
  • the wines are sold primarily to private customers and catering businesses.
  • the private vintners founded the O.P.V.I., i.e. their own professional association, to represent their interests and to concern themselves with the problems of wine-growing and

production

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

the traditional wine trade
The Traditional Wine Trade
  • associated themselves with well-known domains and entered supply contracts for grapes with vintners in their area.
  • 221 ha = 17,1% of the vineyards

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

develop ment of the vine
Develop-ment of the vine

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole

export
Export
  • 50% Export:
    • 60%-65% Belgium
    • 30% Germany

Serge Fischer Institut viti-vinicole