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Considerations For An Enhanced Safety and Security Defense-in-Depth Strategy During Hostile Action Events. National Radiological Emergency Preparedness Conference April 10, 2014. Introductions. Robert Kahler, Branch Chief Office of Nuclear Security and Incident Response, NRC

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Considerations For An Enhanced Safety and Security Defense-in-Depth Strategy During Hostile Action Events

National Radiological Emergency Preparedness Conference

April 10, 2014

introductions
Introductions

Robert Kahler, Branch Chief

Office of Nuclear Security and Incident Response, NRC

Timothy Greten, Deputy Director

Technical Hazards Division, Federal Emergency Management Agency

Larry Hamilton, Program SpecialistFederal Bureau of Investigation

2

defense in depth
Defense-in-Depth

Objectives of Session

  • Enhance awareness of existing security/emergency preparedness demonstration activities
  • Multiple layers of security and emergency response
    • Force-on-Force (FOF)
    • Hostile Action Based (HAB) EP exercise
    • Integrated Response Program (IRP) exercise

3

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Nominal Event Progression

  • Radiological sabotage successful
  • Licensee declares General Emergency
  • Issues protective action recommendation

Licensee informs local law enforcement and state/local response organizations

Licensee detects hostile action onsite

Law enforcement responds

  • Site clearance
  • Event mitigation

Adversaries neutralized

  • Licensee implements protection strategy
  • Site Area Emergency declared based on security emergency action level

Law enforcement, site security, and emergency response activities

4

force on force exercises
Force-On-Force Exercises
  • Purpose
    • Verifies that licensees can protect against the design basis threat of radiological sabotage and theft or diversion of nuclear material with high assurance
  • Regulation
    • Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR) Part 73, “Physical Protection of Plants and Materials”
  • Site Activities
    • Licensee conducted force-on-force exercises
    • Force-on-force exercises conducted by the NRC
  • Frequency
    • Annually, licensee-conducted force-on-force exercise
    • Triennially, NRC-evaluated force-on-force exercises

5

integrated response program
Integrated Response Program
  • Purpose
    • Voluntary program designed to integrate law enforcement tactical responses with licensee actions to protect public health and safety, promote the common defense and security, and protect the environment
  • Regulation
    • Supports NRC’s Design Basis Threat (10 CFR 73.1)
    • Enhances Safety/Security Interface (10 CFR 73.58)
    • Helps to ensure Emergency Plan implementation in an active hostile environment
  • Activity and Frequency
    • Integrated Response Plans: reviewed annually, updated as needed
    • Computer-aided planning tools: develop 6 tools/year until complete
    • Tabletop exercises: vision for all sites once every 3 years
    • Limited exercises: vision for all sites once every 3 years

6

nrc hostile action based ep exercise evaluation
NRC Hostile Action-Based EP Exercise Evaluation
  • Purpose
    • Coordinate Security, Operations, ERO and ORO actions to successfully respond to and mitigate plant damage before site is declared secure
  • Regulation:
    • 10 CFR Part 50, Appendix E, Section IV.F, “Training”
  • Inspection Activity
    • Ability to conduct biennial exercise in a hostile action environment
    • Critique process to identify and correct weaknesses
    • Classification, notification, protective action recommendation, dose assessment activities
    • Employee and emergency worker protection
    • Coordination with offsite officials at Incident Command Post
  • Frequency
    • Once every 8-year exercise cycle

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Current Force-on-Force (FOF), Integrated Response Program (IRP) and Hostile Action-Based (HAB) Exercise Comparison Highlights

fbi nrc integrated response program
UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

FBI/NRC Integrated Response Program

Integrated Response Plan

Template

Protected Area Operations

All Levels of Law Enforcement

FBI Office responsibility

Contingency Response Tool

Floor plans

Photo gallery

Tactical information

Limited to Protected Area and “Power Block” buildings

Table-Top Exercise

Review/Validate Integrated Response Plan

Limited Field Exercise

LLEA navigation through interior of plant

Tests LLEA communications plan

Wide exercise scope

contact information
Contact Information

Bob Kahler, Branch Chief

Division of Emergency Preparedness and ResponseOffice of Nuclear Security and Incident ResponseU.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

(301) 287-3756

robert.kahler@nrc.gov

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