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Bibliographic citations. Definition : For academic purposes, a citation or bibliographic citation is a: reference to a book, article, web page or other published or unpublished item, And includes sufficient details to uniquely identify the item. Bibliographic citations – Why?.

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bibliographic citations
Bibliographic citations
  • Definition:
    • For academic purposes, a citation or bibliographic citation is a:

reference to a

      • book,
      • article,
      • web page or other published or
      • unpublished item,

And includes sufficient details to uniquely identify the item

bibliographic citations why
Bibliographic citations – Why?
  • To give credit to an individual’s idea(s), words or publication(s).
  • To help readers locate the thought/publication that is being referred to if the readers wish to read it for themselves.
  • To verify that the thought/publication has, indeed, appeared somewhere.
and more recently
And more recently ….
  • Plagiarism:
  • Copying sentences, phrases, paragraphs, tables, figures or data directly or in slightly modified form from a book, article, web site or other academic source without using quotation marks or giving proper acknowledgment to the original author or source.

http://www.ccsu.edu/AcademicIntegrity/UndergradAcadMisconductPolicy.htm

parts of a bibliographic citation
Parts of a Bibliographic Citation

For a Serialized Item

Author(s) (If no author is listed, use the next element to begin your citation)

Title of Article

Title of Publication

Volume/Issue/Pages

Date of Publication

If the item was viewed electronically, other information must be given

For a Single Item

  • Author
  • Title of

the item

  • Who Published

the item

  • The location

of the Publisher

  • Date of Publication
challenges of electronic publications
Challenges of electronic publications
  • Individuals often no longer need to consult a printed document.
    • So what is a volume number?
    • An issue number?
    • Why are pages important?
slide8

Printed indexes, hard copies of articles and books and items retrieved from electronic databases may present the elements of bibliographic citations in different ways. But the required elements are always present.

slide11

.

Title of Article

Authors

slide12

Name of Publication

Title of Article

Authors

slide13

Date of pub.

Name of Publication

Title of Article

Authors

slide14

Vol/issue/pages

Date of pub.

Name of Publication

Title of Article

Authors

slide18

author

Title of article

slide19

Title of publication

(often called SOURCE)

author

Title of article

slide20

volume

Title of publication

(often called SOURCE)

author

Title of article

slide21

issue

volume

Title of publication

(often called SOURCE)

author

Title of article

slide22

date

issue

volume

Title of publication

(often called SOURCE)

author

Title of article

slide23

pages

date

issue

volume

Title of publication

also called SOURCE)

author

Title of article

slide24

Here’s an example of the elements of this

item written as a bibliographic citation for this for this article (written in APA style):

Fischlin, D. (2003). Rescripting Shakespeare: The text, the director, and modern productions. Theatre Research

International, 28(2), 212-213.

slide26

Citation elements for a book – relatively straightforward

What is required?

Author, title, place of publication,

name of the publisher, and the date

of publication.

slide27

Citation elements for a book – this is very straightforward

DeLillo, D. (1986). White noise. New York: Penguin Books.

slide29

Book found on WorldCat (electronic database)

Naipaul, V.S. (1995). A house for Mr. Biswas.

New York: Knopf.

slide34

Hard copy of an edited book

Is this a complete citation?

If not, what’s missing?

Smith, D.L. (Ed.). Era of the American Revolution a bibliography. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio.

slide36

Hard copy of an edited book

Smith, D.L. (Ed.). (1975). Era of the American Revolution a bibliography.

Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio.

slide37

“In” is the important word

Chapters in a book – a slight twist

Greenberg, D. F. et al (2002). The generality of the self-control

theory of crime. In E. Waring & D. Weisburd (Eds.),

Crime and social organization (pp. 49-94).

New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

Notice: No volume number, no issue number. Why?

slide38

Database retrieval includes the elements that

are required to properly cite the item – but you must

know what you’re looking for.

slide39

Bower, T. (2005 Feb. 10). Pitbull victim tells of attack; DA suing for penalties, but the dog owner’s lawyer says she has paid

her debt. San Antonio Express-News, 5B.

publication

date

page

title

author

slide42

Article in a journal (APA Style)

Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol#(issue#), pages.

For example:

Fischlin, D. (2003). Rescripting Shakespeare: The text, the director,

and modern productions. Theatre Research

International, 28(2), 212-213.

An entire book (APA Style)

Author. (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Name of Publisher.

For example:

Hock, R. (2005). Yahoo! To the max. Medford, NJ: Cyberage Books.

Chapter in a book (APA Style)

Author. (Year). Title. In editors of book (Eds.),

Title of book (pages of the chapter).

Place of publication: Name of Publisher.

For example:

Greenberg, D. F. et al (2002). The generality of the self-control

theory of crime. In E. Waring & D. Weisburd (Eds.),

Crime and social organization (pp. 49-94).

New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

slide45

Article in a journal (APA Style)

Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol#(issue#), pages.

For example:

Fischlin, D. (2003). Rescripting Shakespeare: The text, the director,

and modern productions. Theatre Research

International, 28(2), 212-213.

An entire book (APA Style)

Author. (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Name of Publisher.

For example:

Hock, R. (2005). Yahoo! To the max. Medford, NJ: Cyberage Books.

Chapter in a book (APA Style)

Author. (Year). Title. In editors of book (Eds.),

Title of book (pages of the chapter).

Place of publication: Name of Publisher.

For example:

Greenberg, D. F. et al (2002). The generality of the self-control

theory of crime. In E. Waring & D. Weisburd (Eds.),

Crime and social organization (pp. 49-94).

New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.