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Understanding Difficult Text

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  1. Understanding Difficult Text

  2. Flip-Through • Look for words, phrases, and images that stand out to you. • Pick out three pages that stand out to you. Be prepared to discuss what your pages contain and why they stand out. • Pick one and summarize it on the board. • Groups of 4: Which image, topic, or idea stuck out to you about this book? What did you notice about it?

  3. Understanding Difficult Text • Activity: Open to pg. 130-131. Read the text on those pages. Note exactly what on those pages helps you understand the text. • Discuss: Which tools have been put into this book to help you understand its difficult text? • Did you spend more time reading or looking at the pictures? Why? • What role did captions play? • What role did colors play?

  4. 3 Keys to Reading Weiten • (1) read the pictures • (2) use fonts and colors as organizational clues • (3) connect to yourself SQ3R • Survey: Give the text a good skim. Notice things. • Question: Ask a question for each section by transforming the subtitles into questions. • Read: Read focusing on answering your question and processing other important facts. • Recite: Put important points from that section into your own words. Recite this information verbally to yourself either aloud or mentally. • Review: After you have read the entire chapter, refresh your memory by going back over key questions, their answers, and other major ideas.

  5. RACE Rubric Review R= Restate A= Answer C= Cite Evidence E= Expand your answer Question: Which of the five original schools of psychology would you have joined had you been alive at the time of their inception? Why? (R) As someone who is interested in how people learn, (A) I would choose to be a functionalist. (C) Functionalism interests me more than structuralism (its rival), because it focuses more on processes rather than on static points (4). (E) Functionalism would focus on a learner’s thought process rather than on a concrete, resultant thought. I could then unravel the mystery of how learning through perception takes place.

  6. RACE Paragraph Activity • After finishing, get up and find someone who picked the opposite school than you did. Here are the opposites: • Structuralism vs functionalism • Psychoanalysis vs behaviorism • Behaviorism vs humanism • Share your RACE paragraph and label each of the parts of your partner’s paragraph.

  7. Vocabulary Activity:The Birth of Psychology Procedure: Skim pgs. 1-7 and write the definition for each of these words using your own words. Afterwards, you’ll be divided into groups of 2-3 and assigned a word. Write the word and the definition on one side of the card. Illustrate (draw) the word on the other side of the card. Wundt (3) Hall (3) Structuralism (4) Introspection (4) James (4) Functionalism (4) Natural Selection (4) Freud (7) Psychoanalytic Theory (8) Unconscious (7) Watson (6) Behaviorism (6) Behavior (6)

  8. Modern Psychology • Read through pgs. 11-18. • Write three facts about each of these modern types of psychology. You may include definitions, how each developed, and key concepts. • applied psychology, • clinical psychology, • cognition, • biological perspectives, • cultural diversity (sociocultural perspectives), • evolutionary psychology

  9. Situation: Georgie is obsessed about his appearance. He gets up two hours early every day to wash and style his hair. His siblings are constantly upset with him because he won’t let them use the mirror.

  10. Synthesis Activity: Divide up into groups Group #1: Structuralism Group #2: Functionalism Group #3: Psychoanalysis Group #4: Behaviorism Group #5: Humanism Group #6: Cognition Group #7: Biological Perspectives Group #8: Evolutionary Psychology

  11. Synthesis Ctd. On an index card, write a 5-point summary of your assigned school of psychology Ex. Biological Perspectives Brain structure impacts behavior. We inherit behaviors from our parents. Our formation in the womb impacts our future behavior. Etc.

  12. Synthesis Activity Cotd. Situation: Georgie is obsessed about his appearance. He gets up two hours early every day to wash and style his hair. His siblings are constantly upset with him because he won’t let them use the mirror. Based on the school of psychology that has been assigned to you write an explanation for Georgie’s behavior as part of a visual you make. Use key words from each theory in your explanation to bolster your explanation’s credibility. Each group choose a representative. Present.

  13. Write a Question . . . • Write one question based on the following informational presentation on psychology careers (pgs. 11-21)

  14. Psych Careers Bell Ringer • Skip ½ page. • Open your book to pg. 20-21. In which of these psychological fields are you the most interested? Why? Write your answer in RACE form. • Add any new questions you may have to your original question. • Share your questions with people around you. See if they can answer them.

  15. Begin a NEW PAGE in your spiral!

  16. Seven Key Themes • Read about the Seven Key Themes (pg. 21-25). • Instructions: Now expand! Choose one of the seven themes to which you can relate personally either by observation or by example. Describe that observation or example in detail.

  17. Seven Themes Ctd. text-to-self or text-to-world

  18. Example of Expansion text-to-self or text-to-world Georgie’s Example: I can relate to Theme #4, which is that behavior is determined by multiple causes. My brother, Ret, was diagnosed with ADHD in first grade. At first, his medication did not help him control his behavior. He must have seen the doctor ten times before my mother finally told her that she and my dad had split up at the beginning of the year, and that’s when Ret’s behavior changed. The doctor lowered Ret’s dosage guessing that the problems at home were aggravating Ret’s ADHD and that he was being over-medicated. Ret continued having problems in school that entire year. His behavior didn’t start improving until the next year, when things had calmed down at home. Therefore, my brother’s behavior was being impacted by both his physiology and his environment.

  19. Cornell NotesHow do the seven themes of psychology all interconnect? Summary: Key Points Notes

  20. Notes Class Discussion Question • How has Psychology evolved as a discipline throughout recent history?

  21. Cornell NotesHow does modern psychology both compare to and differ from psychology’s first schools? Key Points Notes Summary

  22. Personal Application Activity Make the following chart in your spiral.

  23. Personal Application Activity #1 Read pgs. 27-31. Jot down facts or strategies you find true and/or interesting.

  24. R.A.F.T.: Say What? R= Role- who is the writer? A= Audience- to whom are you writing? F= Format-what format should the writing be in? T= Topic-What are you writing about?

  25. R.A.F.T. Example Group #1 Group #2 R= Freud R= B.F. Skinner A=B.F. Skinner A=Freud F=Hate Mail F=Hate Mail T=Behaviorism T=Psychoanalysis Dr. Skinner- Just thought I’d let you know that you’re a big hypocrite! This insistence that the unconscious should be eliminated from all “scientific” psychological studies makes no sense even according to your own standards. Motivations, some unconscious, underlie all of our behaviors. Even for your blasted pigeons, their motivation for pushing that stupid little lever in their cages is “hunger.” Can you see hunger? No! So, Mr. Behaviorist, how can you possibly consider those experiments “scientific” and claim that my case studies in psychoanalysis aren’t? Contemptuous disdain, Sigmund Freud

  26. Your R.A.F.T. Group #1 Group #2 R= Professor R= Student A= Student A= Professor F= Letter F= Letter T= How to take tests T= How to make better tests