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R&D in France. Dominique Aymer de la Chevalerie Attaché for Science and Technology French Institute in Taipei. R&D in France. 1 - General statistics and budgets 2 - Structures 3 – New efforts towards innovation and industrial R&D. FRANCE ….

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r d in france
R&D in France

Dominique Aymer de la Chevalerie

Attaché for Science and Technology

French Institute in Taipei

r d in france2

R&D in France

1 - General statistics and budgets

2 - Structures

3 – New efforts towards innovation and industrial R&D

slide3

FRANCE …

… AND ITS 22 REGIONS (AND OVERSEAS TERRITORIES)

france taiwan general comparison 2004
France-Taiwan :general comparison (2004)

*PPP : Purchasing Power Parity

private research
Private research
  • 1.18% GDP
  • 13.3 auto financing, 6 other private, 3.4 public ( billions euros)
  • Concentration in large companies
    • 3% companies (120)>2000 employees = 50% researchers, 58%budget, 75% public funding.
private research11
Private research

Repartition by sectors (2001)

ministry of higher education and research
Ministry of higher education and research
  • Proposes and leads, together with other ministries involved, governmental policy for research and technology.
  • Prepares a new law for research.
  • Prepares the civil budget for research and technology (BCRD).
public research players
Public research players

Depend of Ministry of Research ( or/and other ministries)

  • 16 Public institutions of industrial and commercial value (EPICs) CEA, CNES, BRGM, CIRAD…
  • 9 Public institutions of scientific and technological value (EPSTs) CNRS, INSERM, INRA, INRIA...
  • 85 Universities
  • 200 Grandes Ecoles, Engineering schools
  • ANR (funding agency)
french specificities
French specificities
  • EPIC Vs EPST :
    • Government funding for all budget of EPST
    • EPIC must find extra budget to finance research and salaries
  • Universities Vs Grandes écoles:
    • No selection of students for university (students go to the nearest university after bac)
    • Preparation and selection for Grandes Ecoles
private research17
Private Research
  • Public funding under Ministry of Industry
  • For SME : an agency OSEO in charge of creation, innovation (OSEO-ANVAR) and transmission
mixing the research institutions
Mixing the research institutions
  • Mixed labs (1000)
    • between public institutions (institutes, universities)
    • between public and private
    • between other countries institutions
  • Federation of research institutes
  • Public Interest Groups, scientific interest groups
the european framework programs
The European Framework programs
  • Objectives:
    • Better use of European research efforts
    • Creation of an internal market for science and technology « European Research Area »
  • FP6 : 2000-2006 : 17,9 billion Euros
  • FP7 : 2007-2013 : 72,7 billion Euros
main french research institutions having collaborations in taiwan
Academic (EPST)

CNRS(general) 26,000, 2.7B€

INRA (agriculture) 8,800, 0.6B€

INSERM (medicine) 6,600, 0.55B€

INRIA (IT) 1,000, 0.14M€

INED (Demography) 170, 0.01M€

LCPC (civil eng.) 600, 0.04M€

Academic & Commercial (EPIC)

CEA (energy, health and information technologies) 15,000, 3.1B€

CNES (space) 2,500, 1,9B€

CIRAD (agriculture) 1,850, 0,2B€

IFREMER (exploitation of the sea)

1,400, 0.6B€

Main French research institutions having collaborations in Taiwan
cnrs key figures
CNRS : KEY FIGURES
  • 2006 total budget
    • 2.7 billion Euros (500 millions Euros proper resources)
  • Staff
    • 26,000 permanent employees (12000 researchers)
    • Plus 20,000 professors and researchers, 20,000 Ph.D. students, 2,500 postdocs in CNRS labs
  • Scientific production
    • 7,400 active patents
    • 11 Nobel prize winners
    • 20,000 publications/year
cnrs research departments and institutes
CNRS : RESEARCH DEPARTMENTS and INSTITUTES
  • 6 research departments
    • Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics, Earth Sciences and Astronomy (called MIPPU)
    • Engineering
    • Environmental Sciences and Sustainable Development
    • Chemistry
    • Life Sciences
    • Humanities and Social Sciences
  • 2 national institutes
    • National Institute for Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3)
    • National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy (INSU)
cnrs industry
CNRS & INDUSTRY
  • 3,280 contracts signed in 2003
  • 880 industrial partners
  • 150 million euros of revenues generated (EC contracts not included)
  • 2,657 research applications in effect
  • 295 exclusive patent applications in 2003
  • 558 active licensing agreements of which 20% with start-ups
  • 50 million euros royalties
  • 190 new firms created involving CNRS laboratories
3 new efforts towards innovation and industrial r d
3– New efforts towards innovation and industrial R&D

3-1 The law of innovation and research

3-2 The new French scheme for research (2005)

the law on innovation and research 1999
The Law on innovation and research (1999)
  • Mobility of researchers towards industry and start-up companies
  • Cooperation between public sector research institutions and companies
  • A fiscal framework for innovative companies
  • A legal framework for innovative companies
start up of technology based companies
Start up of technology based companies
  • The Innovation and Research Act (1999)
    • 480 scientists received an agreement for taking part in a start up since 1999
  • National contest “starting up technology based innovative companies”
    • 9 505 applications in six years, 1 377 projects awarded, 692 companies started
  • Public research incubators
    • 30 incubators granted with 26 M€ for 2000-2003, 20 M€ for 2004-07
  • Seed capital funds
    • 23 M€ invested in 11 seed funds (5 technology oriented, 6 regionally based) through universities and research institutes – 136 M€ under management
3 new efforts towards innovation and industrial r d27
3 – New efforts towards innovation and industrial R&D

3-1 The law of innovation and research

3-2 The new french scheme for research (2005)

the new french scheme for research 2005
The new French Scheme for research (2005)
  • More strategy
  • More human resources in laboratories
  • More emphasis on contracts, projects, incentive funds, evaluation and results
  • More support to innovation and industrial R&D
more strategy 1
More strategy (1):
  • The High Council For Science and technology
    • created in 2006
    • 20 high level scientists
    • Directly attached to the President of Republic
more strategy 2
More strategy (2):
  • Establishment of main priorities :
    • Life sciences : cancer, elderly people, handicaps, new diseases
    • ITC
    • Energy Transports
    • Management of resources (Agriculture and food security, water resources)
    • Space, micro and nanotechnologies
more human resources
More human resources:
  • Efforts towards PhD students (observatory for employment, scholarships, co financing with industry)
  • More attractiveness for jobs (beginning, of career, better cursus in public research, more recruitments)
more emphasis on projects evaluation
More emphasis on projects, evaluation:
  • National Agency for Research (2005)
  • Agency for Evaluation (to be created in 2006)
anr national agency for research
ANR : NATIONAL AGENCY FOR RESEARCH
  • A new agency created in 2005 to channel incitements funds to research laboratories.
  • 540 millions euros allocated in 2005 to 1 400 projects (maximum 3 years) selected trough 35 calls for proposals.
  • Beneficiaries: 4 500 scientific teams (included 800 companies).

www.gip-anr.fr

more support to innovation and technological partnership
More support to Innovation and Technological partnership
  • The Competitiveness Clusters
  • The Agency for Industrial Innovation
  • Carnot Institutes
competitiveness clusters
Competitiveness Clusters
  • 66 clusters selected in 2005 for Government support
  • Geographically localised
  • 500 M€/ year between 2006 and 2008 (Call for proposals funded by 8 ministries and agencies (AII, ANR)
  • First projects supported from April 2006
  • Cover innovation but also conventional fields
slide37

PARIS REGION : 2 clusters :

  • 1 Cluster : ‘SYSTEM @ TIC’
  • 1 Cluster : ‘MEDITECH HEALTH’

REGION

PARISIENNE

6French

‘global’ clusters … :

* 2 in biotech ;

* 2 in nanotech ;

* 1 in I.T. ;

* 1 in aerospace

RHONE-ALPES: 2 clusters:

- 1 ‘MINALOGIC’ (nanotech)

- 1 Cluster ‘LYONBIOPOLE’

AQUITAINE +

MIDI-PYRENEES :

1 cluster : ‘AEROSPACE

VALLEY’

PROVENCE- P.A.C.A:

1 cluster : ‘COMMUNICATIVE AND SECURED SOLUTIONS’

(nanotech - I.T.)

slide38

+

8 ‘GLOBAL CONTENDERS’ CLUSTERS

slide39

PARIS REGION (P.R.) :

1 Cluster: ‘Image, Multimedia and Life’ – I.T.

NORD-PAS DE CALAIS + PICARDIE

1 Cluster: ‘i - trans’ (Transport)

CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNES + PICARDIE:1 Cluster : agro (bio-fuels)

ALSACE :

1 Cluster:

‘BIO VALLEY’

(Biotech)

BRETAGNE (2)

- 1 Cluster: ‘Image and Networks – I.T.’

- 1 Cluster: ‘Sea-nergy’

PAYS DE

LA LOIRE :

1 Cluster :

‘Specific Vegetal Plants’ (agro)

… + 8 French

‘ global contenders ’ clusters :

* 2 in agro ;

* 2 in I.T. ;

* 2 in maritime security

* 1 in environment

* 1 intransport ;

* 1 in biotech

RHONE-ALPES :

1 cluster: ‘Chemistry-Environment’

PROVENCE-P.A.C.A:

1 cluster: ‘Sea, Security, Safety’

slide40

=

  • 14 INTERNATIONAL CLUSTERS
slide41

PARIS REGION (P.R.) :

3 Clusters : 2 I.T.C. ; 1 BIOTECH

NORD-PAS DE CALAIS + PICARDIE

1 Cluster : « i – Transport »

CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNES + PICARDIE:1 Cluster agro- biofuels

ALSACE :

1 Cluster :

Biotech

BRETAGNE : 2 clusters :

1 I.T.C.’; 1 ‘Maritime safety’

PAYS DE

LA LOIRE :

1 Cluster :

agro

… = 14int’l clusters / 67 labellized (22,4% of total)

( 6 ‘global ’

+ 8 ‘global contenders’)

RHONE-ALPES :

3 clusters: 1 ‘Chemistry- Environment’; 1 Nanotech; 1 Biotech

AGUITAINE and

MIDI-PYRENEES:

PROVENCE - P.A.C.A:

2 clusters : 1 Maritime Safety ;

1 Nanotech / I.T.C.

1 cluster ‘Aerospace’

Notice : PARIS, P.A.C.A. and RHONE-ALPES REGIONS gained the 2 kinds of int’l clusters colour gradation:

slide42

+

  • 52 ‘NATIONAL’ CLUSTERS
slide43

=

66 FRENCH LABELLIZED CLUSTERS

sectorial distribution of the 66 french clusters
Sectorial distribution of the 66 French clusters :
  • 10 BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 11 NANOTECHNOLOGY (with applications)
  • 10 I.T.C.
  • 3 AEROSPACE
  • 21 BIO-ENERGY-ENVIRONMENTAL
  • 19 other (8 in agro-food, 2 in cosmetics, 2 in transport-I.T.S., 9 in different industries [logistics …])
more support to innovation and technological partnership45
More support to Innovation and Technological partnership
  • The Competitiveness Clusters
  • The Agency for Industrial Innovation
  • Carnot Institutes
agency for industrial innovation 1
Agency for Industrial Innovation (1)

Launched in 08/2005Budget : 2 billion euros on 2005-2007 To support strong innovating programs through:

  • large companies involvement.
  • networking between larger and smaller companies and public labs.
  • optimising clusters in applied research.

www.aii.fr

agency for industrial innovation 2
Agency for Industrial Innovation(2)

« Mobilisation programs for Industrial innovation » with 4 criteria :

  • Importance of the market
  • High technological innovation/ high costs
  • Financial implication of a company
  • Results achieved in 2 to 15 years
agency for industrial innovation 3
Agency for Industrial Innovation (3)

2006: 5 projects:596M€, 236M€ govt. Aid

  • BioHub, valorization of agricultural resources (Roquette France)
  • HOMES, energy saving in buildings (Schneider)
  • NeoVal, Modular transportation system on pneumatics (Siemens)
  • Quaero, recognition of numerical contents (Thomson)
  • TVMSL: Mobile television without borders (Alcatel)
more support to innovation and technological partnership49
More support to Innovation and Technological partnership
  • The Competitiveness Clusters
  • The Agency for Industrial Innovation
  • Carnot Institutes
carnot institutes
Carnot Institutes
  • 20 « Instituts Carnot » labelled so far
  • Label based on
    • Quality of research
    • Income from contract research with industry
    • Successful exploitation of patents and licence agreements
    • Management of contract research, in particular the capacity to meet clients needs
carnot institutes51
Carnot Institutes

40M€ Coming from ANR

  • Electronics, micro-nanotechnology, optics FEMTO, GET, IOTA(Institut d’optique), LAAS(CNRS), LETI(CEA), LIST(CEA)
  • Life, ecosystems: BRGM, Cemagref, IFREMER(4 labs), INSERM 15_20
  • Mecanics, materials, chemistry, energy: ARTS, CETIM, CIRIMAT(univ. Toulouse 3), CSTB, MIB (Univ. Bordeaux), MINES (Ecoles des Mines), TIE (Univ. Compiegne et Troyes)
  • Transport, aeronautics: CORIA (Univ Rouen), IFP moteurs