Warm Up • Read the passage and identify all clauses. The doctor told Charlie to lose weight and exercise vigorously for forty-five minutes a day. The doctor was worried that Charlie was putting on too much weight. Charlie has a hard time sticking to a diet; he really loves rich, sweet desserts. In fact, the last time he tried to lose weight, he ended up actually gaining weight. Charlie has decided to hire a personal trainer because he is worried about his heart. His new personal trainer, whose name is Adriana Bongiorno, thinks Charlie may be a lost cause. That she can make him do the exercises but not stick to the diet. He is very good as long as Miss Bongiorno is around, but he goes to the freezer for ice-cream when she leaves. Charlie must learn that eating all those sweets may give him a temporary pleasure but that it's not good for his heart and that he would feel better about himself if he stopped eating all those rich and sweet foods that are not good for him. Miss Bongiorno is starting to make a difference, though, and Charlie is starting to make some progress.
Agenda • Warm Up – Identify • Homework Turn In – Poem, Metaphor and Picture • Clauses and Punctuation 101 • Free Writing Journal – Reminder, Journal Due this Friday! • Where Am I From • Summarizer – Framed Paragraph
inDependent • Can stand on its own • Like a sentence
dependent • Cannot stand on its own • Is dependent on an independent clause • Adverbial/Subordinating • Relative • Nominal/Complementizer
I like cheese. • Because I like cheese, I always have crackers.
adverbial • acts as adverb, introduced by subordinating conjunction, joined in tree to verb modifying
When? Where? Why? How? • Because I love toast, I ate a whole loaf of bread.
Adverbial clause Sub Conj Pro Verb Noun Pro Verb DetDet Noun Prep Noun Because I love toast, I ate a whole loaf of bread.
relative • Acts as adjective, introduced by relative pronoun (restrictive vs non-restrictive) joined in tree to what its modifying;
Restrictive vs. non-restrictive • Is this interrogative? • What is your intonation? • What is the punctuation? • Are you commenting? • Is it essential?
Nominal/complementizer • Acts like noun/direct obj/ • introduced by complementizer, usually in VP since it acts like a DO;
Stuff/someone test I love that you love toast.
Yoda does his laundry whenever his mom loans him some detergent. – Adverbial, because answers when.
My really crazy roommate thinks that you are the President of Stupidville.
My really crazy roommate thinks that you are the President of Stupidville. Complementizer – Stuff/Someone Test
My completely worthless lawnmower, which makes gurgling noises at night, ruined my yard.
My completely worthless lawnmower, which makes gurggling noises at night, ruined my yard. – Relative – Which/That
Tricky clauses • My husband hit the car with the antenna ball. • My Chinese literature instructor makes the readings fascinating. • I spoke to the emcee with the microphone. • The British left waffles on the Falkland Islands.
conventions • Comma Rules – restrictive vs non-restrictive; is it possible for a reader to read something other than what you’ve meant?; • introductory adverbial clauses; --always use a comma with an introductory adverbial clause; • if there is a clausal dependency – no comma at end, unless expressing contrast (even though, although, whereas); with coordinating conjunctions always use commas; rhetorical impact of punctuation choice.
summarizer When I was free writing, I felt ___________________________. I think I could use this kind of writing when I ___________________________________. I may not be able to use this for _______________________. On a scale of 1-10, I would rate this a ___________ for a brainstorming technique.