1 / 23

Domain Name System

Domain Name System. A heirarchial, distributed database A service primarily aimed at mapping names to IP addresses Partitioned for ease of administration. gov. edu. com. utexas. tamu. ibm. austin. cs. mac1. solar. mac1. DNS Structure (partial). DNS -- How it Works.

Download Presentation

Domain Name System

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Domain Name System • A heirarchial, distributed database • A service primarily aimed at mapping names to IP addresses • Partitioned for ease of administration

  2. . gov edu com utexas tamu ibm austin cs mac1 solar mac1 DNS Structure (partial)

  3. DNS -- How it Works • DNS Servers in a logical tree • DNS clients on every host • Iterative Queries • Recursive Queries

  4. ARP • Address Resolution Protocol {translate network layer address to physical address} • Part of general resolution procedure: name {e.g.,} DNS IP Address {e.g.,} ARP Ethernet address {e.g., 08:00:20:08:58:78}

  5. Application Layer • File Transfer, Access and Management • virtual file store • file servers and requesting clients • Electronic Mail • process to process traffic expected to dominate Internet • actually email dominates the Internet • Virtual Terminals • representing the abstract state of the real terminal • Remote Job Execution • JTM: Job Transfer and Manipulation

  6. ISO Applications • FTAM ~ FTP File Transfer, Access & Manipulation • VTS ~ TELNET Virtual Terminal Service • JTM ~ ??? Job Transfer & Manipulation {maybe rsh, RPC?} • MHS ~ SMTP Message Handling System (X.400)

  7. “applications” SASE SASE CASE ISO Terminology [Specific|Common] Application Service Elements “think of them as programming libraries or APIs”

  8. ISO Service Elements(examples) • Association Control Service Element (primitives) • Commitment, Concurrency and Recovery • atomic actions • two phase commit

  9. File Servers • 1. File Structure • 2. File Attributes • e.g. identifier, size of storage, access control • 3. File Operations • create, delete move • OSI has defined virtual filestore operations

  10. Replicated Files • Why multiple file servers? • 1. To split the workload over multiple servers. • 2. To allow file access to occur even if one file server is down • 3. To increase reliability by having independent backups of each file • Updates • Voting

  11. Electronic Mail • Motis and X.400CCITT has aligned them for compatibilityMay replace SMTP • The user agentuser interface • Message transfer agentpost office

  12. Virtual Terminals • Scroll mode terminalsno local resources; dumb display and transmission • Page mode terminals25 x 80 character displayscreen editing via termcap • Form mode terminalslocal processing enabled • Bitmapped terminals like X stations

  13. Case Study: Internet • File Transfer • Electronic Mail • Virtual Terminals

  14. Getting Started • RARP • BOOTP • TFTP • DHCP

  15. File Transfer Protocol • FTP recognizes four file types: • 1. Image • bit by bit transfer • 2. ASCII • 3. EBCDIC • 4. Logical Byte files • binary files which use byte size other than 8 bits

  16. Electronic Mail • Pioneered by ARPANET • RFC 822 (widely used) • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) • Supports only ASCII text • name@domain addressing

  17. Virtual Terminals - TELNET • Designed for scroll mode terminals • Hit a key , 8-bit bytes are sent • 95 ASCII and 7 control characters legal

  18. USENET--HOW TO AVOID GRADUATION • Internet compatible (now) • Variety of newsgroups • Moderated newsgroups • NNTP, Network News Transfer Protocol, allows selective downloading of messagesto multiple sites

  19. The Web • “the” killer application for the Internet • Two components for popularity • http combines multiple access (gopher, ftp, etc) methods • hypertext interface supports point-and-click interface • Who will organize the information? • No one... • Database experts • Librarians (!)

  20. Web Terminology • Web Browsers • Netscape • Mosaic • Web Servers • http daemon • httd.conf - main server config file • srm.con - server resource config file • access.conf - global access control file • Home Page • Eg., • HTML • HyperText Markup Language

  21. HTML Document <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>Willis Marti’s Homepage</TITLE> <LINK REV=“OWNER” HREF=“”> </HEAD> <BODY> <IMG SRC=“my-logo.gif” ALT=“logo”> <H1> Sample HTML Document</H1> <EM> To demonstrate HTML </EM> <HR> ....

  22. Web Future Directions • HTML Enhancements • Secure Transactions • Uniform Naming • Librarians & Brokers • Information “push” or “pull”

  23. Layer 7 Summary • Service Element Model • Not all Apps belong here... • Common Network Services

More Related