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Approaches to the Governance of State-NGO Relationships. John Shields Department of Politics and Public Administration Ryerson University Inspire 2014: International Neighbourhood House & Settlement Conference Vancouver May 6, 2014. 1) Introduction 2) Historical Context

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Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships
Approaches to the Governance of State-NGO Relationships

John Shields

Department of Politics and Public Administration

Ryerson University

Inspire 2014: International Neighbourhood House & Settlement Conference

Vancouver

May 6, 2014


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

1) Introduction

2) Historical Context

The Keynesian State

  • address the failures of the market, the state takes led role in providing for the health and welfare of Canadians (social security state)


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

  • Symbiotic and dynamic relationship

    Key features of the relationship:

    1) gov’t funding core/base

    2) Funding stable and long term

    3) Relationship based on trust and mutual respect


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

4) Nonprofit role not replace the state but to compliment its social provision role

5) But relationships ad hoc and uneven

Distinctive roles for nonprofits emerged:

  • To do good works/provide services to clients and community


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

2) Advocacy/voice its social provision role

3) Mediation - social capital & social cohesion

4) citizenship


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

3) Contemporary Period its social provision role

The Neoliberal State and the Marketization of Non-profit Relationships

  • Neoliberalism guided by idea of ‘government failure’ (need to shrink the state)

  • Market mechanisms to guide human action (competition and individualism)


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

Key features of neoliberal approach: its social provision role

  • NGOs to fill gaps left by shrinking state

  • Alternative Service Delivery (ASD) use to shrink the state

  • Relationship between state and NGOs structured by New Public Management (NPM)


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

4) New funding regime – contract/program financing its social provision role

Implications for state-nonprofit relationships:

  • Loss of nonprofit autonomy – ‘shadow civil service’

  • Vertical accountability to funders over downward and horizontal accountability


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

3) Competitive contract bidding its social provision role

4) ‘cultural takeover’ – market and contract/business culture

5) Sector economies achieved through volunteering and cheap labour

6) Sector used rather meaningly engaged with


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

7) Nonprofit role reduced to ‘contracted service’ function

8) Voice role transformed into ‘special interest’ – ‘advocacy chill’

9) Mission drift/mission capture

  • Neoliberal governance runs against place-based approaches


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

  • Ware on community values functionvs market values

    4) New Public Governance: Prospects for Reform

  • move to horizontal accountability and co-governance

  • meaningful collaborative relationships(power sharing)

  • recognize and respect advocacy voice role (example of Quebec social economy model)


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships


Approaches to the governance of state ngo relationships

5) The Turn to Austerity: Back to the Future based

  • Neoliberalism is back

  • The UK’s Big Society