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Emergency Procedures - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Emergency Procedures. Emergency Descent. Why?. Emergency Descent. Uncontrollable Fire Sudden Loss of Cabin Pressurization Any other situation requiring immediate and rapid loss of altitude. Emergency Descent. How?. Emergency Descent. Reduce the throttle to idle

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emergency descent1
Emergency Descent
  • Uncontrollable Fire
  • Sudden Loss of Cabin Pressurization
  • Any other situation requiring immediate and rapid loss of altitude
emergency descent3
Emergency Descent
  • Reduce the throttle to idle
  • Roll into a bank angle of approximately 30-45 degrees
  • Set propeller to low pitch ( High RPM)
emergency descent4
Emergency Descent
  • Extend landing gear and Flaps as recommended by the manufacturer
  • Do not exceed VNE, VLE, VFE, or VA if turbulent
emergency approach landing
Emergency Approach & Landing
  • Maintain your composure
  • Fly the airplane
  • Maintain your glide speed
  • Adhere to the checklist
  • Manage resources
emergency approach landing1
Emergency Approach & Landing
  • Factors to consider
  • Wind
  • Surface conditions
  • Gear Position
emergency approach landing2
Emergency Approach & Landing
  • Size of landing area
  • Obstructions
  • Key Position
how to crash
How to Crash
  • Very Carefully
  • Ground Speed
  • Stopping Distance
  • Deceleration Forces 9G
    • 50 mph 9.4 feet
    • 100 mph 37.6 feet
best glide speed
Best Glide Speed
  • Gear and Flaps retracted
  • Propeller to low RPM (High Pitch)
  • Pitch
  • Trim
best glide speed1
Best Glide Speed
  • Checklist
  • Any deviation from the best glide speed will reduce the distance you can glide
180 o turn after takeoff
180o Turn After Takeoff
  • Standard rate turn takes 1 minute
  • At 65 knots, radius of turn is 2100 feet.
  • Upon completion of the turn you are 4,200 feet to one side of the runway
180 o turn after takeoff1
180o Turn After Takeoff
  • An additional turn of 45o takes 15 seconds
  • If you descend at 1,000 fpm total altitude loss will be 1.316 feet.
in flight fire
In-Flight Fire
  • Follow the POH
  • Types
in flight fire1
In-Flight Fire
  • Follow the POH
  • Types
  • Cabin, Wing, Electrical, Engine
  • Emergency Descent
  • Slip away from the fire
partial power loss
Partial Power Loss
  • Best Performance Airspeed ~ Best Glide Speed
  • Causes
partial power loss1
Partial Power Loss
  • Air
    • Carburetor Ice
    • Induction Icing
  • Fuel
    • Water
    • Contamination affecting flow
partial power loss2
Partial Power Loss
  • Spark
    • Plugs fowled, wire disconnected
    • Magneto
  • Mechanical
door opening in flight
Door Opening in Flight
  • Fly the airplane
  • Noise does not hurt
  • Land the airplane
  • Secure the door
asymmetrical flap extension
Asymmetrical Flap Extension
  • One flap works the other does not
  • Rolling motion
  • Hazardous if in the traffic pattern at low altitude
asymmetrical flap extension1
Asymmetrical Flap Extension
  • Return the flaps to the up or previous position
  • Go around if necessary
emergencies
Emergencies
  • ELT
  • Diversion
  • High Oil Temperature
  • Exhaust Leak
emergencies1
Emergencies
  • Engine Failure on Takeoff
  • Severe Turbulence
  • Spatial Disorientation
  • Survival Equipment
slide25

The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is

A. 30 minutes.

B. 45 minutes.

C. 60 minutes.

slide26

The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is

A. 30 minutes.

B. 45 minutes.

C. 60 minutes.

slide27

In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the

A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG.

B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed.

C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

slide28

In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the

A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG.

B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed.

C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

slide30

A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible.

B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation.

C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

slide31

A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible.

B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation.

C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

slide32

An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by

A. a defective bearing.

B. the oil level being too low.

C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

slide33

An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by

A. a defective bearing.

B. the oil level being too low.

C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

slide34

Frequent inspections should be made of aircraft exhaust manifold-type heating systems to minimize the possibility of

slide35

A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater.

B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit.

C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

slide36

A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater.

B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit.

C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

slide37

A pilot's most immediate and vital concern in the event of complete engine failure after becoming airborne on takeoff is

slide38

A. maintaining a safe airspeed.

B. landing directly into the wind.

C. turning back to the takeoff field.

slide39

A. maintaining a safe airspeed.

B. landing directly into the wind.

C. turning back to the takeoff field.

slide40

If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to

A. minimum control speed.

B. maximum structural cruising speed.

C. design-maneuvering speed.

slide41

If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to

A. minimum control speed.

B. maximum structural cruising speed.

C. design-maneuvering speed.

slide42

To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should

A. increase the breathing rate.

B. rely on body sensations.

C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

slide43

To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should

A. increase the breathing rate.

B. rely on body sensations.

C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

bonanza f33a
Bonanza F33A
  • Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs)
  • Emergency Descent
  • Maximum Glide Range
  • Emergency Landing Approach
bonanza f33a1
Bonanza F33A
  • Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs)
  • Emergency Descent 154
  • Maximum Glide Range 105
  • Emergency Landing Approach
  • 83
emergency descent5
Emergency Descent
  • Power
  • Propeller
  • Landing Gear
  • Airspeed
emergency descent6
Emergency Descent
  • Power Idle
  • Propeller High RPM
  • Landing Gear Down
  • Airspeed Establish 154 KTS
engine failure take off ground roll
Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll
  • Throttle
  • Braking
  • Fuel Selector
  • Battery and Alternator Switches
engine failure take off ground roll1
Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll
  • Throttle Closed
  • Braking Maximum
  • Fuel Selector Off
  • Battery and Off Alternator Switches
engine failure in flight
Engine Failure - In Flight
  • Fuel Selector Valve
  • Auxiliary Fuel Pump
  • Mixture
  • Magnetos
engine failure in flight1
Engine Failure - In Flight
  • Fuel Selector Valve Select Other Tank
  • Auxiliary Fuel Pump ON
  • Mixture Full Rich, then Lean as Required
  • Magnetos Check Left, Right, then Both ON
maximum glide configuration
Maximum Glide Configuration
  • Landing Gear
  • Flaps
  • Cowl Flaps
  • Propeller
  • Airspeed
maximum glide configuration1
Maximum Glide Configuration
  • Landing Gear UP
  • Flaps UP
  • Cowl Flaps Closed
  • Propeller Pull for Low RPM
  • Airspeed 105 KTS
landing without power
Landing Without Power
  • Airspeed
  • Fuel Selector Valve
  • Mixture
  • Magneto/Start Switch
landing without power1
Landing Without Power
  • Flaps
  • Landing Gear
  • Battery and Alternator Switches
landing without power2
Landing Without Power
  • Airspeed 78 to 83 KTS
  • Fuel Selector Valve OFF
  • Mixture Idle Cut-off
  • Magneto/Start Switch Off
landing without power3
Landing Without Power
  • Flaps As Required
  • Landing Gear Down or UP(terrain)
  • Battery and OFF Alternator Switches
landing gear retracted w power
Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
  • Throttle
  • Mixture
  • Battery, Alternator, and Magneto/Start Switches
landing gear retracted w power1
Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
  • Keep wings level during touchdown
  • Get Clear of Airplane as soon as possible after it stops
landing gear retracted w power2
Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
  • Throttle Closed
  • Mixture Idle Cut- off
  • Battery, Alternator, OFF and Magneto/ Start Switches
landing gear retracted w power3
Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
  • Keep wings level during touchdown
  • Get Clear of Airplane as soon as possible after it stops
propeller overspeed
Propeller Overspeed
  • Throttle
  • Airspeed
  • Oil Pressure
  • Land
propeller overspeed1
Propeller Overspeed
  • Throttle Retard to Red Line
  • Airspeed Reduce
  • Oil Pressure Check
  • Land Select Nearest Suitable Site and follow Landing Emergency procedures
landing gear manual extension
Landing Gear Manual Extension
  • LDG GR Motor Circuit Breaker
  • Landing Gear Switch Handle
  • Handcrank Handle Cover
  • Handcrank
landing gear manual extension1
Landing Gear Manual Extension
  • If electrical system is inoperative, check landing gear position lights and warning horn
  • Handcrank
landing gear manual extension2
Landing Gear Manual Extension
  • LDG GR Motor Circuit Breaker Off (out)
  • Landing Gear Switch Handle Down
  • Handcrank Handle Cover Remove
  • Handcrank Engage and turn counterclockwise as Far as Possible (50 turns)
  • If electrical system is operative, check landing gear position lights and warning horn
  • Handcrank Disengage
spins1
Spins
  • Prohibited