CDC Resources to Help Reduce Dialysis Related Infections ! Intermountain ESRD – Network 15 Karen Strott, RN Linda Pleiman, RN
Objectives • Identify 5 evidence based resources proven to reduce HAI’s in the dialysis setting • Review how to implement the use of audits in your QAPI program • Review Wyoming infection data-How does your dialysis unit stack up?
Why are dialysis patients at Risk for Infection? • Patients who undergo hemodialysis have a higher risk of infection, due to the following factors: • Frequent use of catheters or insertion of needles to access the bloodstream • Weakened immune systems • Frequent hospital stays and surgery
Why? • About 410,000 people receive hemodialysis (HD) at any given timein the United States • About 8 in 10 of these patients start treatment through a central line (a major risk factor for BSI) • Infections are one of the leading causes of hospitalization and death for patients on hemodialysis
Why? • For hemodialysis patients, the rate of infection is now 43% greater than it was in 1993! • Hospitalization rates for BSIs have increased by 47% and by 87% for vascular access infections!
What do we need to do? CLABSI prevention in dialysis facilities will require: • Increased adherence to current inpatient CLABSI prevention recommendations • The development and implementation of additional prevention strategies specific to the dialysis environment • Collection and analysis of data
CDC Guidance http://www.cdc.gov/ dialysis/collaborative/ Tools website: • http://www.cdc.gov/dialysis/prevention-tools/index.html
CDC core Interventions • Surveillance and feedback using NHSN • Hand hygiene observations • Catheter/vascular access observations • Staff education and competency • Patient education/engagement • Catheter reduction • Chlorhexidine for skin asepsis • Catheter hub disinfection • Antimicrobial ointment
Catheter Care • Use chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis during insertion/dressing change (allow to dry) • Catheter hub cleansing (scrub-the-hub) after cap removed and before accessing • Use antimicrobial ointment or chlorhexidine-impregnated sponge dressings
Key Infection Prevention Practices • Perform hand hygiene frequently/change gloves • Maintain separate clean areas for supplies and medications and separate contaminated areas for used items • Practice safe injection practices • Perform proper environmental cleaning • Dedicate supplies to a single patient Use aseptic technique every time!
Using Audits in QAPI • Perform audits on a regular basis • Involve all staff in audit process • Share results with staff • Review audit findings monthly in QAPI • Use results to identify areas for improvement • Perform follow up audits of problem staff or areas identified for improvement • Review and celebrate improvements
USE NHSN Know your data Share your data Compare your data to other facilities Use your data to improve outcomes Use NHSN to improve communication between patients, staff and other facilities
ContactingNetwork 15 Linda Pleiman, RN Quality Improvement Coordinator 303.831.8818 email@example.com Karen Strott, RN Quality Improvement Director 303.831.8818 firstname.lastname@example.org Lori Chase QI Data Specialist 303.831.8818 email@example.com