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The World Today. Chapter 2 . Section 3: The Developing World. LEQ’s What are the major goals of developing nations? What economic problems do developing nations face? How does underdevelopment contribute to widespread poverty?

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the world today

The World Today

Chapter 2

section 3 the developing world
Section 3: The Developing World

LEQ’s

  • What are the major goals of developing nations?
  • What economic problems do developing nations face?
  • How does underdevelopment contribute to widespread poverty?
  • Vocabulary: cash crop, modernization, tariff, privatization, literacy, population density.
vocabulary define in notebook
Vocabulary: define in notebook
  • cash crop
  • Modernization
  • Tariff
  • Privatization
  • Literacy
  • population density
cash crops
Cash Crops
  • Imperialists nations encouraged Africa, Asia, and Latin American people to grow cash crops.
  • Cash Crop- agricultural goods sold on the world market to make a profit.
    • Examples: Cotton, rice, coffee and sugar
  • Effects of cash crops:
    • Made less developed countries dependent on Europe and the US
    • Third world nations remained tied economically to their former rulers
    • Economy based on one cash crop would fail if price of the crop fell.
goals of modernization
Goals of Modernization
  • Political Stability-
  • Economic diversity- producing various kinds of crops and goods so a nation is no longer dependent on a single export
  • Education and Services- Increase literacy
    • Literacy- ability to read and write.
    • Improve medical care, housing, water and sewage systems.
debt crisis
Debt Crisis
  • To modernize countries needed to build transportation and communication systems.
    • Lack money so they borrow from western industrialized nations to do this.
    • 70’s oil prices soared and underdeveloped countries need to borrow money to pay for fuel.
    • 80’s interest rates rose and many could not pay back debt.
    • Prices fell for crops being sold by developing nations.
    • Developing nations use much of their income to pay back debts and cannot provide many basic services for their people.
problems of development
Problems of Development
  • Population explosion- have a large amount of children to help
    • People are living longer
    • More children survive to adulthood
  • Urbanization-rapid movement to already crowded cities cause high population density.
    • Lack housing, schools, basic health care, and sanitation services to keep up with growth.
  • Cultural Change- people moving to cities have fewer ties to family and community and leads to more crime, drug abuse, and loss of traditional values.
  • Growing gap between developing and developed nations- drought and other natural disasters lead to crop failure and hunger for poor nations.
answer the following in your notebook
Answer the following in your notebook:
  • What are the major goals of developing nations?
  • What economic problems do developing nations face?
  • How does underdevelopment contribute to widespread poverty?
section 4 growing interdependence
Section 4: Growing Interdependence
  • LEQ’s
  • How is the world becoming more interdependent?
  • Why is concern for the environment increasing?
  • What efforts are underway to protect human rights?
  • How is technology shaping the future?
organizations
Organizations
  • UN- United Nations: preserve world peace and to cooperate in solving global social and economic problems. 193 member nations today originally there were 54
  • WHO- World Health Organization: Support programs to wipe out deadly diseases. UNAIDS
  • IMF- International Monetary Fund: encourages expansion of world trade
global concerns
Global Concerns
  • Drug Trade
    • Poverty and underdevelopment contribute to illegal drug trade.
    • Farms grow illegal crops because the can make more money
  • Environment- pollution
    • As countries become industrialized they become polluters and they cannot afford expensive programs to end pollution.
    • Desire to earn income has led to destruction of land and natural resources- rainforest which provides 90% of world’s oxygen.
  • Human Rights:
    • basic rights are freedom of speech, religion, press, fair trial, earn a living and live in safety from attack.
    • Groups check human rights around the world and trade limits and sanctions can be placed on nations for not respecting them.
  • Technology and the future