A Typical Roman's Food for the day: ieutaculum - This would be eaten early , probably as soon as the sun rose and would include bread and fresh fruit.
ieutaculum - This would be eaten early, probably as soon as the sun rose and would include bread and fresh fruit.
prandium - Probably taken around noon. Lunch was only a small meal as it was thought a large meal would make one fall asleep in the afternoon. It would include some of the following - a little cooked meat - ham or salami, salad, cheese, hard-boiled eggs, vegetables and bread.
cena - This would begin at about four in the afternoon and could continue into the night. The starter would be either a salad or dish of small fish. The main course of fish, cooked meat and vegetables would be served next. The dessert would consist of fresh fruit and cheese. Sometimes small cakes sweetened with honey would be served.
(Only children, slaves, rubes ate sitting up!)
hor d’oeuvres – gustatio 3 entrées
dessert – secunda mensa
-Pedar W. Foss, "Kitchens and Dining Rooms at Pompeii
Marco Polo – Chinese eat dogs, cats, rats, and mole soup; Tartars eat rats, horse, dog
Fish guts and chopped fish pounded and stirred to thick fluid, left in sun to ferment until most moisture evaporates, strained through basket
Light fluid – garum
Mush remaining – allec
Martial – 2 eggs plus dash of garum for a good breakfast
Garum production was a major industry in and out of Rome.
apples and pears and figs and plums (and prunes, which are dried plums) and raisins (made from the grapes), green peas (mostly dried like for split-pea soup), lentils, and chickpeas onions, carrots, garlic, and cabbages honey (they didn't have sugar) herbs like dill, thyme, oregano, basil, and mint nuts, especially walnuts and chestnuts and acorns cucumbers (they didn't have tomatoes)
eggs (from chickens and from geese and ducks) yogurt and cheese, mostly from goats and sheep mutton (sheep meat), goat meat, and pork and ham and bacon, chicken, goose and duck, and fish, especially tuna. Oh, and snails - people raised them in special snail gardens, with little box hedges for them to crawl on.