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Variations in Child Development

Variations in Child Development

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Variations in Child Development

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  1. Variations in Child Development EDCI 336 August 25, 2005

  2. Today’s Objectives • Learn about labels or classifications • Develop increased understanding regarding needs of children with DD

  3. Indicators of DD • Failure to reach developmental milestones on time • Failure to acquire skills such as performing, speaking, perceiving new experiences

  4. Indicators of DD • Physical appearance • Height, weight • Head circumference • Facial features • Body proportions or shapes

  5. Most frequently noted delays • Motor • Noted during infancy • Speech and language • Noted during preschool

  6. Classifications of DDs • Cognitive • Speech and language • Physical • Social-emotional • Health impairment

  7. Cognitive delays • Difficulty with : • Symbolic concepts • Syntactic structure, vocabulary • Generalizing learning • Incidental learning

  8. Cognitive delays • These children need: • More direct instruction • More repetitive instruction

  9. Mental Retardation • IQ below 70 • Difficult to assess before school age except in severe cases

  10. Learning disabilities • Achievement significantly below aptitude

  11. Traumatic Brain Injury • May result in • Seizures • Headaches • Reduced stamina • Memory

  12. ADHD • Persistent difficulties • Attention span • Impulse control • Hyperactivity (Not always present)

  13. Communication • Speech • Voice disorders • Fluency (stuttering) • Articulation

  14. Social-Emotional • Difficulty with relationships • Displays inappropriate types of behavior or feelings

  15. Social-Emotional • Acting unhappy or depressed • Developing physical symptoms or fears related to school or personal problems

  16. Physical disabilities • Hearing impairment • Visual impairment • Orthopedic impairment

  17. Health impairment • Chronic or acute health problems that interfere with academic development

  18. Health impairment • OHI • Heart conditions • Asthma • Tuberculosis • Sickle cell anemia

  19. Health impairment • Hemophilia • Cancer • Epilepsy • Diabetes • AIDS

  20. Autism • Affects verbal and nonverbal communication • All intellectual levels • First 3 years of life

  21. Autism • Repetitive actions • Resistant to changes • Unusual responses to sensory stimuli

  22. Reactions • Staring • Inappropriate comments • (How sad. What’s wrong with him. Etc.) • Cruel remarks and jokes • Dunlap, L. (1997). An introduction to early childhood special education (pp.50-67). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

  23. Reactions • What is your role as an educator?