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UNFCCC national communications process/ linkages with AIACC AIACC Africa and Indian Ocean Islands Regional Workshop 24 May 2003 Dakar, Senegal. Festus Luboyera UNFCCC secretariat fluboyera@unfccc.int. Outline. Developing country commitments under the UNFCCC related to adaptation

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UNFCCC national communications process/linkages with AIACCAIACC Africa and Indian Ocean Islands Regional Workshop24 May2003Dakar, Senegal

Festus Luboyera

UNFCCC secretariat

fluboyera@unfccc.int

outline
Outline
  • Developing country commitments under the UNFCCC related to adaptation
  • Guidelines for inclusion of adaptation issues in national communications.
  • Gaps in the reporting of Adaptation measures and response strategies.
  • UNFCCC secretariat support for national communication process
    • General
    • Workshop and meetings to held in 2004
  • Other Technical and Financing Support
  • Possible contribution by AIACC to the UNFCCC Process
commitments under the unfccc
Commitments under the UNFCCC
  • All Parties, taking into account their CBD responsibilities and national circumstances should:

(a) Prepare Inventories of GHG to be submitted to the COP

(b) Prepare and implement Mitigation and adaptation measures

(c) Promote and cooperate on Technology transfer matters

(d) Promote sustainable development

(e) Cooperate in preparing for adaptation and integrated planning

commitments under the unfccc1
Commitments under the UNFCCC

(f) Undertake Impact assessment

(g) Promote and cooperate on Research and systematic observation

(h) Exchange scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and legal information

(i) Promote and cooperate in education, training and public awareness

(j) Communicate to the COP information on above elements in accordance with Article 12.1 of the Convention (national communications)

guidelines for inclusion of adaptation issues in national communications
Guidelines for inclusion of adaptation issues in national communications

(COP8 Decision 17/CP.8)

  • Each Party shall … provide to the COP information on the general description of steps taken or envisaged towards formulating, implementing, publishing and regularly updating national and, where appropriate, regional programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change, …
  • Non-Annex I Parties should provide information on their vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change, and on adaptation measures being taken to meet specific needs and concerns arising from these adverse effects.
g uidelines for inclusion of adaptation issues in national communications
Guidelines for inclusion of adaptation issues in national communications
  • Methodological approaches

Non-Annex I Parties are encouraged to use, for the evaluation of adaptation strategies and measures, appropriate methodologies they consider better able to reflect their national situation, provided that these methodologies are consistent, transparent and well documented.

guidelines for inclusion of adaptation issues in n ational communications
Guidelines for inclusion of Adaptation issues in National Communications

Reporting

  • the scope of their V&A, including vulnerable areas most critical (32)
  • the description of approaches, methodologies, tools (scenarios and uncertainties)
  • the vulnerability to impacts of, and adaptation to, climate change in key vulnerable areas — “ direct and indirect effects” allowing for an “integrated analysis” (34)
  • the evaluation of strategies and measures for adapting in key areas of the “highest priority” (35)
  • the policy framework such as NAPAs for LDC for developing and implementing adaptation strategies and measures (36)
guidelines for inclusion of adaptation issues in n ational communications1
Guidelines for inclusion of Adaptationissues in National Communications
  • Reporting
  • Non-Annex I Parties may include information on opportunitiesfor the implementation of adaptation measures, including pilot and/or demonstration adaptation projects being undertaken or proposed.
  • Non-Annex I Parties may also provide information on barriers to the implementation of adaptation measures.
  • Non-Annex I Parties may include, as appropriate, information on how support programmes from Parties included in Annex II to the Convention are meeting their specific needs and concerns relating to vulnerability and adaptation to climate change. (p. 53)
gaps in the reporting of adaptation measures and response strategies
Gaps in the Reporting of Adaptation Measures and Response Strategies

Examination ofnational communications indicate that:

  • Little or no information on implementation measures were reported
  • Information data that can be useful for national planning is limited
  • Options were presented with no evaluation, prioritization and costing
  • No clear indication of the methods and models used
unfccc secretariat support for national communication process
UNFCCC secretariat support for National Communication Process

General

  • In general the secretariat plays a facilitative role for the Parties to:
      • undertake their commitments under Art 4 of the Convention and to implement decisions agreed upon at the Conference of the Parties (COP).
  • For the developing country Parties, the secretariat facilitates the provision of financial and technical support relevant to the implementation of the Convention.
unfccc secretariat support for national communication process1
UNFCCC secretariat support for National Communication Process

UNFCCC compendium of methods and tools to assess V&A being developed and contains:

Frameworks/general approaches

Multisectoral methods/tools

Sectoral methods (5 sectors)

  • Focus on “most wanted” methodologies identified by Parties
  • Consistent with the User Manual and NAI guidelines
  • Based on additional/new sources of info: UN projects (UNEP/AIACC, UNDP/APF, NAPAs), UK, German, Netherlands DA, etc.
  • Not prescriptive

http://unfccc.int/program/mis/meth/

unfccc secretariat support for national communication process2
UNFCCC secretariat support for National Communication Process

Workshop on the Preparation of national communications from non-Annex I Parties 26-30 April 2004 in Manila, Philippines

  • the use of the UNFCCC guidelines and the user manual for the preparation of national communications from non-Annex I Parties,
  • exchange of information on financial and technical support for second national communications
  • development of project proposals for the preparation SNC
  • identification of needs and concerns
unfccc secretariat support for national communication process3
UNFCCC secretariat support for National Communication Process

Meeting of the Consultative Group of Experts (CGE) 03-04 April in Manila

Key agenda issues for the CGE thematic group on V&A are:

  • Identifying and assessing technical problems and constraints
  • Conducting hands on training workshops
  • Improving the preparation and reporting of V&A in NC.
funding and technical support for adaptation
Funding and technical support for Adaptation

Adaptation Projects

SGP

Adaptation

Fund

Special Climate

Change Fund

LDC

Fund

GEF Trust Fund

Capacity

Building

Existing

Operational Programs in all

Focal Areas

(incremental cost)

Climate Change

Focal Area Enabling

Activity

Source - GEF

funding and technical support for adaptation1
Funding and technical support for Adaptation
  • GEF and Implementing Agents -NCSP
  • Bilateral
    • New Zealand
    • USCSP - USA
    • NCCSAP - The Netherlands
    • ETC
possible contribution by aiacc to the unfccc process
Possible contribution by AIACC to the UNFCCC Process

The AIACC process can provide inputs into the:

  • Methodologies and models for assessment of impacts and vulnerability
  • The development of methods for identifying, evaluating and prioritizing adaptation strategies
  • The Development of new methods/tools to facilitate integrated assessments
  • Proposing Pilot adaptation projects
  • Dissemination of information