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Italian Space Agency Research and Development activities on Risk Management Seismic and Volcanic Risk. Cristina ANANASSO Laura CANDELA Giovanni RUM Earth Observation Unit.

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slide1

Italian Space AgencyResearch and Development activities on Risk ManagementSeismic and Volcanic Risk

Cristina ANANASSO

Laura CANDELA

Giovanni RUM

Earth Observation Unit

REMOTE SENSING WORKSHOP ON THE MONITORING OF ACTIVE VOLCANOES, DETECTION AND TRACKING OF VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALERT SYSTEMS FOR AVIATION HAZARDS

CORDOBA, November 23-27, 2004

presentation outline
PRESENTATION OUTLINE
  • Earth Observation Unit’s Mission
  • ASI work in progess
  • Some results from the feasibility studies on Volcanic Risks
  • ASI & USERS partnership: Department of Civil Defence
  • SIASGE and COSMO - SkyMed
slide3
Mission of Earth Observation Unit(Piano Spaziale Nazionale 2003-2005)

To improve with a continuative effort in the research and innovation fields the knowledge of the Earth system, to set up more and more reliable models for the forecast, the monitoring and the management of the natural and antropic phenomena, with a particular attention to natural disaster.

Applicative products

slide4
Work in progress and planned activities on

Risk Management Applications

  • Feasibility studies (phase A - ECSS):
    • Volcanic risk
    • Seismic risk
    • Air Quality
  • Preliminary projects (phase B – ECSS):
    • Flood
    • Landslides
    • Forest fires
    • Oil spill
  • Related projects:
    • Earth Observation Centro di Competenza for the Italian Civil Defence Department
    • SIASGE and COSMO-SkyMed perspective

ECSS: European Cooperation for Space Standardization

slide5
Seismic and Volcanic Risk applications
    • Phase A studies – feasibility studies (two for each application)
    • Studies were selected on a competitive basis (July 2003) – Call for Proposal
  • 3 steps
    • Phase 1 – Problem analysis and identification of applicative scenarios
    • Phase 2 – System concepts identification and EO role
    • Phase 3 – Feasibility evaluation and Preliminary Development plan
  • Milestones
    • ADR (Application Definition Review) t0 + 2m
    • INR (INtermediate Review) t0 + 4m
    • PRR (Preliminary Requirements Review) t0 + 6m
aspected results from the feasibility studies
Aspected results from the feasibility studies
  • Analysis of the national and international scenarios
  • Users’ requirements identification
  • EO’s role identification
  • Proposal for a functional architecture of the application
  • Technical, scientific and economical feasibility evaluation of the application
asi applications development plan
ASI applications development plan

Duration

Status

Feasibility study

March - September 2004

6 m.

Preliminary Project

KO: December 2004 (??)

6 m.

Pilot projects development

Sviluppo Progettopilota

2-3 y.

Pre-op. demonstration

on test site

Dimostrazione pre-operativa su test site

Operations

some results from feasibility studies on volcanic risks

…some results fromFeasibility Studies onVolcanic Risks

  • Observational System for Monitoring and Management of Volcanic Risk- INGV

2. Feasibility study of the applicative product Volcanic Risk - ESRI ITALIA SpA

1 observational system for monitoring and management of volcanic risk
1. Observational System for Monitoring and Management of Volcanic Risk
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia – Dott.ssa M.F. Buongiorno
  • IREA-CNR
  • ACS
  • TRE
  • DATAMAT
  • GALILEOAVIONICA
  • IMAA
slide14
Effusion Rate

X

X

Plumes

Components

X

X

X

X

X

LANDSAT

ASTER,

HYPERION,

AVHRR

DEM

LUT

Mappe di distrib. e conc. di SO2

X

X

Split Window

X

X

X

HYPERION,

MODIS

radiosonde

CIBR

Mappe di contenuto colonnare di H2O

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

QUICKBIRD,

ASTER,

HYPERION,

MODIS,

MERIS

DEM

Radiosonde

Calibration parameters di calibrazione

AOT

Mappe di AOT

X

X

Damage estimate

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

SPOT,

IKONOS,

LANDSAT, QUICKBIRD,

ASTER,

HYPERION

MIVIS

Ground measurements

Mappe di distrib. dei danni

X

Warning

Multi-parametric interpretation (EO temporal series +

Ground network temporal series )

X

Proposed products (2/2)

slide16
…some results fromFeasibility Studies onVolcanic Risks
  • Observational System for Monitoring and Management of Volcanic Risk- INGV

2. Feasibility study of the applicative product Volcanic Risk - ESRI ITALIA SpA

slide17
ESRI ITALIA SpA – Dott.ssa Paola Salvestrini
  • Dipartimento di Scienza Geologiche, Università di Roma Tre
  • Gallileo Sistemi
  • Sarmap s.a.
  • Space to Earth Technology s.r.l.
  • Data collection:
    • EO data
    • ground measurements
    • storical series data
  • Information management
    • Database creation
    • Processing/ Elaboration

Operational scenarios and data provider and analysis

slide18
Costellazione satelliti

SEGMENTO SPAZIALE

Programmazione

Acquisizioni dati

Telemetria e Telecomando

Richieste

Centro

Controllo

Satelliti

CCS

Centro Pianificazione e Controllo Missione

CPCM

Stazione

TT&C

Piani di acquisizione

Dati EO

Piani di

Acquisizione dati

Richieste di

acquisizione dati

Stazione Multimissione per Ricezione Diretta dei dati da satelliti EO

Help Desk

Catalogo e Browser Multimissione di stazione

Archivio dati storici

Richieste Prodotti

Standard

Richieste

Programmazione

Acquisizione Dati

Prodotti

Standard

Livello 0

Livello 1

SEGMENTO TERRENO

2

3

1

Catalogo e Browser Rischio Vulcanico

Archivio prodotti standard e V. A.

di EO

e dati dai sensori

a terra per Applicazione Rischio Vulcanico

Utilizzatori

Utilizzatori

Utilizzatori

Prodotti

V. A.

Prodotti

V. A.

Processing prodotti V. A. per Applicazione Rischio Vulcanico

Dati dai sensori a terra

Banca Dati Applicazione Rischio Vulcanico

GIS

Prodotti

Standard EO

Dati dai sensori a terra

GESTORI ED UTILIZZATORI DELL'APPLICAZIONE

System Architecture

Utilizzatori

slide19
Decisional Support System (DSS):
  • base functions for the Volcanic Risk
  • Data Collection
  • Information Selection : selection and validation of data
  • Data & Information Organization (how to produce and organize correct information to the final users)
  • Information Search & Distribution: how to provide the correct information to the final users
slide21
User as a key-actor
  • Methods for user choice :
    • Representativeness
    • Political influence
    • Promotional possibilities
  • National institutions (as a guide)
  • Sub-national (operative) organizations
  • Fundamental contributions:
    • User requirements consolidation
    • Auxiliary data availability and validation
    • Service quality assessment
    • Results divulgation contribution

Users requirements  EO requirements

users roles
Users’ roles
  • Identification of priorities (respect to different risks, test sites and so on)
  • Requirements for products, services, service case identification (user requirements)
  • Reference architecture of national system (at national/regional level)
  • Interface requirements vs. the operational infrastructure
  • Integration in the operational systems of EO developed products/services
  • Assessment of products and procedures
  • Joint partecipation international initiatives
slide23
The Italian Civil Defence Department for risk management applications
  • Landslides
  • Floods
  • Fires
  • Seismic risk
  • Volcanic risk
slide24
Activities in charge to the Civil Defence
  • The Italian Civil Protection activities are the following (Italian Law 225/92):
  • Forecasting
  • activity devoted to analyze the causes of disaster events, to identify the risks and to detect the risks areas
  • Prevention
  • activity whose aim is to reduce damages due to the disaster events also taking into account the knowledge gained during the forecasting activities.
  • Assistance
  • all interventions whose aim is to ensure the elementary assistance to the population
  • Emergency management and overcoming
  • all the needed interventions for pursuing the achievement of acceptable quality of life conditions
slide25
Identified Needs in term of Geo-spatial

Information, Products and Services

At national level to carry out the forecasting, prevention and emergency management activities (Italian Law 225/92) needs:

  • Assessment:
  • Hazards and general territorial information mapping
  • Prevention and risk reduction:
  • Territory classification map for:
        • building codes/rules
        • land use planning
        • priority intervention areas map
  • Emergency management:
        • Involved areas map
        • Event trend map in real time
        • Meteorological data in real time
slide26
event location
  • risk assessment
  • needs, requirements, procedures & guide lines
  • risk mitigation through monitoring system
  • emergency plans
  • Contrast actions
  • aid organisation
  • damage assessment

Civil Protection Activity

Prevention

Forecasting & Surveillance

Emergency management

slide27
Centri Funzionali (CFSE)

Centre for Forecasting and Surveillance of Effects to support the civil protection Authority decisions (CFSE)

CFSE are the operative support units, which are able to collect, elaborate and exchange every kind of data meteorological, hydrological data for hydro-geological and hydraulic risks, which provides a multiple support system for decisions

Centri di Competenza (CTS)

Centre for Technological and Scientific services , development and transfer (CTS)

CTS are Institutions which provide services, information, data, elaboration, technical and scientific contributions for specifictopics.

slide28
The Functional Centre Network

“CENTRI FUNZIONALI”:

designed structures for the activities of technical support to the civilprotection decision

21 regional centres

10 of those already fully operating

1 Primary Functional Centres

2 “Centres for Technological and Scientific services ”

asi as eo data provider for dpc
ASI as EO data provider for DPC

ASI will

  • provide, integrate, process, analyze, qualify and distribute EO data useful for the Civil Defence System

CC-EO= Centro di Competenza for Earth Observation

slide30
Expected Benefits from using Earth Observation
  • Continuous monitoring (overview) of territory;
  • Ready-to-use and geo-referenced data for GIS systems;
  • Updated and fast delivered information;
  • Wide and homogeneous areas inspection (same details for whole territory);
  • Availability of long period dataset (for historical analysis);
  • Improving of emergency management for few and well identified event (flood, atmospheric and water pollution)
  • Ex.Boundaries of flooded areasLand displacement due to subsidence or active faultsRiver network, dams and reservoir census
slide31
How ASI can support risk management
  • Central role in managing the EO information, data archiving and satellite products (CC-EO)
  • Developing
    • multimission data acquisition infrastructure
    • data catalogue and archive
    • data distribution
  • User requirements collection
  • Supporting users with EO products
  • Stipulating international agreement to access existing data archive and future data acquisition
  • Provide information from existing satellite missions to final users
slide33
SIASGE (1/2)
    • About 3 years of joint evaluation and studies on Italian and Argentinean priorities on applications devoted to risk management
    • COSMO-SkyMed, 4 satellites, radar X- band from ASI
    • SAOCOM, 2 satellites, radar L- band from CONAE
  • Data exchange for istitutional porpouses
  • Joint development of products and services for applicative use with X- and L- radar data.

SIASGE

L + X BAND

COSMO- SkyMed

X- band

SAOCOM

L- band

siasge applications 2 2
SIASGE applications (2/2)

Defined in both National Space Plan (PSN for ASI and PEN for CONAE)

  • Baseline applications:
    • Floods
    • Landslides
    • Oil spill
    • Fires
    • Seismology
    • Volcanology
  • Other applications:
    • Resources management applications
    • Environmental management applications
    • Maritime topographic mapping
    • Science applications
slide36
Mission statement
  • COSMO-SkyMed is an end-to-end Earth Observation System dedicated to the Earth remote sensing and data exploitation for Dual (military and civil) Use applications.
  • Main mission objective is therefore the provision of data, products and services relevant to the:
    • monitoring, surveillance and intelligence applications;
    • environmental monitoring, surveillance and risk management applications of institutional entities;
    • environmental resources management, maritime management, earth topographic mapping, law enforcement, informative / science applications of other institutional, scientific and commercial entities.
  • COSMO-SkyMed, funded by the Italian Ministry of Research and Ministry of Defence and conducted by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), appears to be the first System (and mission) capable to fully meet the requirements for management, control and exploitation of Earth resources
slide37
COSMO-SkyMed Mission features

COSMO-SkyMed Mission answers to users needs and to the market demand. It is characterized by the following peculiar features:

slide38
COSMO-SkyMed Overall Performance
  • The System guarantees:
    • Very short response time to access any Earth location worldwide (<18/24 h)
    • Revisit times less than 12 hours allowing multiple points of view (angles)
    • Priority (planning) and Security Management
    • Very accurate geo-location
  • A variety of sizes and resolutions are available up to meter and sub-meter resolution products
  • Up to 1800 images with such resolutions can be acquired each day with the full 4 X-Band SAR Satellites Constellation

Access area : 1150 Km ground cross track, corresponding to pointing angles between 20° and 57°, left and right looking

slide39
COSMO-SkyMed SAR Operational Modes

FLIGHT DIRECTION

SWATH

HUGEREGION

100 m resolution

on 200 km

WIDEREGION

30 m resolution

on 100 km

PINGPONG

15 m resol.

on 30 km

SPOTLIGHT

High resol on 10 km

HIMAGE

3-15 m resol.

on 40 km

slide40
COSMO-SkyMed – Examples of applications
  • Land
  • Mapping (including rapid mapping, precision mapping, DEM’s)
  • Change detection (land)
  • Terrain movements (subsidence, landslides)
  • Sea/ocean
  • Oil spill and vessels detection & monitoring
  • Coastline monitoring
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