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Enforced Crop Production Rules. IPM techniques is that are required by statute or ordinance, imposed on all growers in a given area, and enforced, usually by penalty. Major types: Crop or Host-Free Periods Planting Date Restrictions Cultivar Restrictions Compulsory Sanitation Measures.

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enforced crop production rules
Enforced Crop Production Rules

IPM techniques is that are required by statute or ordinance, imposed on all growers in a given area, and enforced, usually by penalty. Major types:

  • Crop or Host-Free Periods
  • Planting Date Restrictions
  • Cultivar Restrictions
  • Compulsory Sanitation Measures
licensing and certification
Licensing and Certification

Ensures that infested or contaminated material is not transported, sold commercially, or used as breeding stock.

  • Seed & Stock Certification (domestic)
  • Certification for Export Markets
gmo related regulation
GMO-Related Regulation
  • FDA, EPA & USDA are principal GMO regulatory bodies in the US
    • FDA: Regulates food crops if they contain
      • Something new to the human diet
      • Something that warrants suspicion (e.g. a toxin)
    • EPA: Regulates crops containing pesticides
    • USDA mostly regulate crop development, testing, and release. If crop contains pesticides, USDA & EPA jointly regulate.

Crop Use

Crop Production

ipm implementation
IPM Implementation
  • Chapter 19 – Societal and Environmental Limitations to IPM Tactics
    • Societal constraints and public attitudes
    • Environmental issues
  • Chapter 18 – IPM Programs: Development and Implementation
  • Chapter 20 – IPM into the Future
societal limitations
Societal Limitations
  • Society places limits on pest management techniques because of risk perception
  • Limits often increase producer costs
  • Society must reimburse producers or must export risks to other societies
  • If producers are reimbursed, they will adopt IPM
  • How much is society willing to pay for IPM? See fs897
if society is willing to pay more farmers will provide ipm products
If Society is willing to pay more, farmers will provide IPM products

Source: http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/labeling/label2.html

reasons for not adopting specific ipm practices
Reasons for not adopting specific IPM practices

Sourece: http://www.umass.edu/umext/ipm/ipm_projects/education/assessing_grower_adoption.html

ipm programs development and implementation
IPM Programs: Development and Implementation
  • IPM Revisited
  • IPM Program Development
  • IPM Program Implementation
  • Examples of programs will be presented over the four subsequent lectures.
direct scouting observations used by ma apple growers
Direct Scouting Observations Used by MA Apple Growers

Source: http://www.aftresearch.org/ipm/symposium/26

ipm is implemented by the ipm program
IPM is Implemented by the IPM Program
  • IPM Program defined: (1) An organization dedicated to implementing IPM in a specific crop or set of crops; (2) The collective activities of such an organization.
  • “Collective Activities” include:
    • Developing strategies
    • Education of various individuals
    • Assisting in implementing specific aspects of IPM (e.g. monitoring efforts)
    • Providing specific IPM-related services (e.g. forecasting)
    • Conducting any IPM-related research or demonstration
    • Other activities (e.g. certification & testing)
ipm program components
IPM Program Components
  • Pest Identification
  • Management strategy couched in the crop context
  • Pest monitoring
  • Decision criteria for selecting tactics
  • Record keeping
  • Evaluation of tactics (post treatment), strategies, and overall program