Overview of the History of Canada’s Immigration Policy Researched by Janet Dench Compiled by Loly Rico and Kemi Jacobs Canadian Council for Refugees. People have been coming to Canada for many years ………….
Overview of the History of Canada’s Immigration PolicyResearched by Janet DenchCompiled by Loly Rico and Kemi JacobsCanadian Council for Refugees
Early ‘policy’ was very simple…..
Clifford Sifton, Ministry of Interior
Population 5,371,315 always had significant impacts on the people who were
96% of European origin
13% population were immigrants
55% foreign-born were citizens
4% Chinese were citizens
43% immigrants female
41% pop of British origin
17, 347 Blacks
In 1901 the Chinese Head tax doubled from the 1885 level of $50 to $100.1901 census
Expanded the list of ‘prohibited immigrants’ always had significant impacts on the people who were
Allowed deportation of immigrants within 2 (then 3 then 5) years of landing for ….
Becoming a public charge
Becoming an inmate of a prison or hospital
Committing crimes of ‘moral turpitude’
War Measures Act .. “anti-Asiatic” parade which ended in a riot
Increased govt’s power to arrest, detain and deport
‘Enemy aliens’ forced to register themselves and subjected to many restrictions
8,000 – 9,000 ‘enemy aliens’ interned..
…..released in response to labour shortages…..
Elections Act (1917)
Disenfranchised all persons from ‘enemy alien’ countries who had been naturalized since 1902Special Measures….
Opium and Narcotic Drug Act led to deportations: 35% of all the deportations in ’23-’24 in Pacific Division
1923 Order issued excluding ‘any immigrant of any Asiatic race’ – except agriculturalists, farm labourers, female domestic servants and wife and children of persons legally in Canada
Chinese Immigration Act – more prohibitions.. Humiliation Day
Doors opened to British citizens, Americans and citizens of ‘preferred countries’. Limitations placed on immigrants from Austria, Hungary, Poland, etc….1920’s…Attacks on Chinese Immigrants….
Population 11,506,6755 period. …
98% pop of European origin
45% of these female
71% of immigrants naturalized
50% population of British origin
30% French origin
22,174 AfricansCensus ‘41
’91 Census….. members (temporary) & ’60 Bill of Rights …. (domestic worker program, special measures for Salvadorans, CSIS, Singh, ’86 administrative review to clear up backlog, creation of IRB for oral hearings)
The ’86 Administrative Review …
MADE MANY PEOPLE HAPPY