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Session 3. Tables in Stata. Importance of tables. The analysis of many surveys is primarily Through giving tables And then interpreting the information Simple tables are one-way frequencies Or of percentages Or Multi-way frequencies (or percentages)

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Session 3

Session 3

Tables in Stata

Importance of tables
Importance of tables

  • The analysis of many surveys is primarily

  • Through giving tables

  • And then interpreting the information

  • Simple tables are one-way frequencies

    • Or of percentages

  • Or Multi-way frequencies (or percentages)

  • Tables can also contain summary statistics

    • Like means

  • Objectives

    • Particiants should be able to

      • Produce tables of each defined type using Stata

      • Interpret data from these tables

      • Produce tables of interest for the data set created for the district in the previous session.

    Session 3

    Menus for Stata tables

    To explore table facilities, we will open the data file K_combined_labelled.dta

    Different menu options
    Different menu options

    Match these options to the different types of table that are needed to process survey data

    One way table
    One-way table

    Open the data file K_combined_labelled.dta

    Statistics => Summaries, tables & tests => Tables => One-way tables

    Results for a one way table
    Results for a one-way table

    Check you can interpret these results

    Multiple one way tables
    Multiple one-way tables

    Statistics => Summaries, tables & tests => Tables => Multiple one-way tables

    Tables using commands
    Tables using commands

    • The commands are simple.

    • For one-way tables try

      • tab q31

    • For several one-way tables, use tab1, e.g.

      • tab1 region rurban q11 a31

    • For two-way tables, try

      • tab q11 q16

    Try the options
    Try the options

    Use the dialogue – with the options for Missing and/or sorting

    • Type tab1 q126 q127 q128 q129 q31, missing sort

      • What effects do the options sort and missing have?

    Your turn one way and two way tables
    Your turnOne-way and two-way tables

    • Work through sections 7.1.4 and 7.2 in the Guide.

      • Include 7.2.1 where you check for coding

      • Include 7.2.2 for lists of two-way tables

    • Type tab q31 q126,

      • Then repeat with tab replaced by tab1.

      • Explain the difference between tab1 and tab to your neighbour.

    Percentages interpret results
    Percentages – interpret results

    Interpet the results from this table

    Repeat, but getting column percentages. Interpret those results

    Hence explain which set of percentages is more appropriate in this table

    Multi way tables
    Multi-way tables

    • Can use tabulate command

      • with by prefix. For example:

      • bysort rurban: tab q128 q11, row

      • Or the “two-way tables” dialogue

    • Or use the more powerful table command

      • table q128 q11, contents(freq) by(rurban) row col

      • Or the “Tables of summary statistics (tables) dialogue

      • See result in next slide

    A three way table
    A three-way table

    Interpret these results

    Then use the Two-way tables

    (with By)

    To give row or column percentages

    Second example
    Second example

    Use the dialogue or the command

    table q11 rurban q126, by(q16)

    Where the row var = Sex (q11)

    Column variable = Rurban

    Supercolumn variable = Employed (q126)

    Superrow variable =Literacy (q16)

    Interpret the table

    Try the variables in different orders, to see if your interpretation is simplified

    Your turn
    Your turn

    • If you need more time on multi-way tables

    • Then go through Section 7.3 in the guide

    • Then go through Sections 7.4 and 7.5

    Tables of summary statistics
    Tables of summary statistics

    • Section 7.4 and 7.5 consider summary statistics

    • For simple tables they use the tabstat dialogue (or command)

    • Or the table dialogue (or command) is used

    Dialogue for tabstat command
    Dialogue for tabstat command

    Menu sequence:


    => Summaries, tables & tests

    => Tables

    =>Table of summary statistics (tabstat)

    (with Option:

    Use as columns Statistics)

    Summary statistics in a table
    Summary statistics in a table

    • Note:

    • qd41, qd42, qd43 are expenditures in the previous month for purchase of maize, bean and other seed respectively

    • Omitting the option col(stat) would give the statistics as rows rather than as columns as shown above

    Dialogue for table command
    Dialogue for table command

    Menu sequence:

    Statistics =>

    Summaries, tables & tests

    => Tables

    => Table of summary statistics

    Summary statistics in a table1
    Summary statistics in a table

    Discuss with your neighbour the difference between use of tabstat and table .

    Further practical work
    Further practical work

    • Load your own data into Stata, and produce tables that address an objective of interest that you wish to explore with your data.