hist 202 hesen
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The U.S. and World War I, 1914-1918

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

The U.S. and World War I, 1914-1918 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 66 Views
  • Uploaded on

HIST 202 - HESEN. The U.S. and World War I, 1914-1918. Long-Term Causes of World War I. Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism Remember MAIN!. Alliance Systems. Triple Alliance/Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Italy…until 1915. Triple Entente/Allied Powers

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The U.S. and World War I, 1914-1918' - tonya


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
long term causes of world war i
Long-Term Causes of World War I
  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Imperialism
  • Nationalism
  • Remember MAIN!
alliance systems
Alliance Systems
  • Triple Alliance/Central Powers
    • Germany
    • Austria-Hungary
    • Ottoman Empire
    • Italy…until 1915
  • Triple Entente/Allied Powers
    • Great Britain
    • France
    • Russia
    • Italy…in 1915
    • U.S….in 1917
balkan powder keg
Balkan Powder Keg
  • Problems in Serbia
    • Austria-Hungary governs
    • One of the smallest European countries
    • Black Hand
      • GavriloPrincip
      • June 28, 1914 – assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
american neutrality
American Neutrality
  • U.S. traded with all Allied countries
  • 1915 – British blockade Germany
    • Effects:
      • U.S. can’t trade with Germany
      • German enters famine
      • Germany blames Great Britain and U.S.
submarine warfare
Submarine Warfare
  • Response from Germany – “Eliminate the blockade”
  • Targeted merchant and military vessels
  • Lusitania – May 7, 1915
      • 128 Americans died
  • Sussex – March 1916
    • Sussex Pledge – sink with warnings only
economic links with allies
Economic Links with Allies
  • Tied chiefly to Great Britain and France
  • U.S. makes war supplies – sends to Allied Powers
  • Blame blockade for not trading with Germany
  • 1914-1917 – trade with Great Britain and France quadrupled
public opinion
Public Opinion
  • Americans favored Britain and France
  • Germany – “bully of Europe”
    • Reinforced with Lusitania
  • Loans to businesses – JP MORGAN
ethnic influences
Ethnic Influences
  • Second generation immigrants in U.S.
  • Make-up 30% of population
  • Sympathizers
    • Germans – “homeland”
    • Irish – hates British
    • Russians – great protectors
opposition to the war
Opposition to the War
  • Mostly from the Midwest and West
  • Scared that U.S. would get involved
  • Progressives
  • Populists
  • Socialists
  • Pacifists
going to war
Going to War
  • Major U.S. causes:
    • Unrestricted submarine warfare
    • Zimmerman Telegram
    • Russian Revolution
  • Declaration of War – April 2, 1917
fighting over there
Fighting “Over There”
  • Conditions
    • Trench warfare
    • Trench foot
    • Chemical warfare
    • Shell shock
    • Affected Allied and Central Powers ***
u s mobilization
U.S. Mobilization
  • Committee on Public Information
    • George Creel
  • Food Administration
    • Herbert Hoover
  • National War Labor Board
  • War Industries Board
public opinion and civil liberties
Public Opinion and Civil Liberties
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts (1917)
    • Prohibited disloyal speech
    • Applied to all Allied Powers
    • Imprisonment – 2,000
    • Schenck v. U.S. - 1919
armed forces
Armed Forces
  • Selective Service Act
    • June 1917
    • 2.8 million men put into lottery
    • Made up half of the fighting force
    • African-Americans
      • 400,000 served in segregated units
      • W.E.B. DuBois
effects on american society
Effects on American Society
  • MORE JOBS!!
    • Men leave --- factory jobs taken by women
    • Men leave cities – migrants move North from South
world war i ends
World War I Ends
  • War ends November 11, 1918
  • Hailed as a major Allied victory
    • 116,000 U.S. troops killed
    • 5 million Russians dead
ad