PRE-PLANNING FOR CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. OVERVIEW ASSESSING OWNER CAPABILITIES ANALYSIS OF RESOURCES REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS SITE DEVELOPMENT REVIEWING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ALTERNATIVES CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT ARRANGEMENTS. OVERVIEW.
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The resources available to the owner, designer, and contractor influence their respective decisions regarding project objectives, planning and design, contracting strategies, and construction operations.
The total funding available and the cash flow schedule affect project decisions.
Providing adequate financial support for initial activities (related to establishment of project objectives and design criteria) is a critical step.
Inadequate capitalization can create adverse impacts (e.g. inadequate staffing, delays in delivery, equipment failure, or shortages of construction materials) that hamper a participant’s ability to deliver quality service.
In some cases, designers and/or contractors are able to enhance overall project quality by offering the owner financial management and consulting services.
On public projects, this may include assistance in determining agency requirements for grants and reimbursement.
On private projects, this assistance may include identifying new sources of capital or lines of credit.
Some contractors are willing and able to finance the entire project, which allows the owner to wait until the project is ready to begin operating and generating revenue before his or her own financial resources are committed.
In the initial stages of project planning, the owner should evaluate the human resources needed to complete the effort. Key factors are the continuity of management staff and adequacy of the work force.
Staff continuity helps to enhance communication, builds better team work and compresses “the learning curve”.
Local construction firms, labor unions, contractor associations should be brought on board early to secure a skilled workforce.
To mitigate potential labor shortages, consideration should be given to modifying projects, schedules, building systems (e.g. prefab) and initiate additional training programs.
Government agency regulatory requirements can have a considerable impact on pre-planning.
Members of the project team must comply with applicable laws and cooperate with agency personnel during each phase of a major project, from conceptual planning through the design and construction phases.
Some agencies may specify unique requirements for particular projects.