Constitutional Underpinnings # 2. Constitutional Convention. Objectives. 2 strengths & 2 weaknesses of the AofC Why did they call for the Constitutional Convention? Explain the fight over the representation in Congress. What did large / small states want?
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Constitutional Underpinnings #2 Constitutional Convention
Objectives • 2 strengths & 2 weaknesses of the AofC • Why did they call for the Constitutional Convention? • Explain the fight over the representation in Congress. What did large / small states want? • In the end, how does the Great Compromise satisfy large & small states?
The Constitutional Convention • Goal: revise AofC • Held at Philadelphia’s Independence Hall in 1787 • Framers: those who write Const. • 12/13 states send delegates • Decide to start over
The Plans • Virginia Plan (large states) • 3 Branches • Legislative (makes laws) • Bicameral: 2 Houses • Upper House • Lower House • Each send reps based on state’s population • Executive (enforces laws) • Judicial (interprets laws)
New Jersey Plan (small states) • 3 Branches: • Leg • Unicameral • Equal numbers of reps per states • Ex • Multiple ppl – so as to divide power • Jud
Constitution“Bundle of Compromises” Great or Connecticut Compromise • 3 Branches • Leg: Bicameral, called Congress
First House: Senate • Senate: Upper House • Equal reps – 2 • State Legislatures determine reps until 17th amendment (1913)which gives ppl right to vote in Senators
House of Representatives: Lower House • # of reps is based on population • Each state gets at least one, CA has 53 today • Elected directly by the ppl • Executive: • Electoral College elects pres/VP: indirect method of choosing leader
3rd Branch • Judicial • 3 levels of federal courts • Supreme Ct highest • Appointed by pres, ratified by S
North – South Compromises • 3/5 Compromise: • B/C HR is based on pop, how should slaves be counted? • Every 5 slaves counted as 3 ppl for representation in the HR • Commerce Compromise • Tax imports (tariffs), but not exports • Slave Trade Compromise • Cong could outlaw slave trade in 20 years, 1808