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The Quest for Empire. The Quest for Empire You will need your spiral, pen and map pencils for this activity. Map Study: European nations create empires in North America.
The Quest for Empire
You will need your spiral, pen and map pencils for
Map Study: European nations
create empires in North America
the map along the top edge of your page.
India. The passage to India over land was
long, slow, and dangerous. A ship could carry
more goods to and from India than the largest
caravans, but Europeans could only guess that
sailors could circumnavigate, or go around,
Africa. Prince Henry helped unlock the secrets
of Africa. Henry set up a school for sailors to
learn the secrets of the ocean. He paid for
many sailing expeditions out of the Portuguese
treasury. Henry also employed cartographers
who created the most sophisticated maps of
their time. The maps made it possible for
sailors to learn from previous expeditions.
Circumnavigate- to sail around the world
Cartographers- map makers
sea trade with
Circled Africa in 1488
Draw a red line from Italy to Spain
Christopher Columbus goes to
Spain with plans to sail around the world
in Genoa He was the oldest of five children.
As a child, he helped his father as a weaver. He always
liked the sea.. Genoa was an important seaport.
There is no doubt that as a child he caught rides on
ships. He had little schooling but was a genius with
the sea. His plan was not to prove
that the world was flat, but it was to find a shortcut to
the Spice Islands. He wanted to establish a city
there for trade, seaports, and much more.When he
grew into a man he was interested in sailing to Asia
by going west. First he went to the king of Italy and
presented his idea before him. Italy wasn't looking
or a way to Asia, they were still receiving riches from
their old trade routes.
explanation of his map, with King Ferdinand at her side. On April 17,
1492, the agreement to finance the voyage was signed.
Beside this panel are figures of Alonzo d’Ojeda, a Spanish adventurer
who accompanied Columbus to the New World, and Queen Isabella.
Goals= 3 G’s
Columbus reaches America in 1492
Cortez conquers Aztec
Cortez sails to Mexico, 1519
Spain rewarded Columbus
by granting him a title of
nobility and giving him
permission to create a
coat of arms.
Columbus would make a
total of four voyages to
the New World and was
of the Spanish colony in
Hispanola. His leadership
was quite poor and he was
Portugal over who could claim newly discovered
lands for their empires.
Both nations were Catholic.
Both considered the Pope the final authority.
Popes had already decided questions of territorial
conflict between them.
The pope decided to draw a line of demarcation to separate the two
empires. The pope's line ran from the arctic pole to the Antarctic,
one-hundred leagues west of the Azores and Cape Verde
Islands. Anything to the west of that line belonged to Spain.Anything
to the east, belonged to Portugal. The exception was if any other
Christian king or power already held lands within
those areas by Christmas day, 1493.
Demarcation- dividing line
Line of Demarcation
Pope gives all land to the
east to Portugal and all
land to the west to Spain
Goal: Find more
Cabot sails to North
America in 1497
- remove all Indians
- get resources ( trees)
Verranzano sailed to
North America in 1524
Goals: Obtain wealth,
To the Gulf. He claimed all land (including Texas ) for France.
Establish friendly trade with Indians
Trade for wealth (furs)
Cartier claimed land
for New France in 1534.
La Salle claimed more
Land in 1682