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Kenya’s Youth Today. From the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey. There are --- million young people (age 15-24) in Kenya today. Inspirational Quote Here. Presentation Outline. Picture of Kenya’s youth today Growing up in the shadow of HIV/AIDS

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Kenya s youth today

Kenya’s Youth Today

From the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey




Presentation outline
Presentation Outline today.

  • Picture of Kenya’s youth today

  • Growing up in the shadow of HIV/AIDS

  • What do young people know about HIV/AIDS?

  • Sexual practices

  • Family planning use

  • Marital violence, smoking and alcohol

  • Next Steps


Source of data
Source of Data today.

  • 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS)

  • Fieldwork took place April- Sept. 2003



Education of young women and men
Education of Young Women and Men today.

Percent of men and women (15-24) who have completed primary school or more

47%

51%

11%

43%

Kenya: 53 %

70%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

47%

44%

81%


Education
Education today.


Employment
Employment today.



Hiv prevalence by province
HIV Prevalence by Province today.

4.0%

5.3%

<1%

Kenya: 6.7%

4.9%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

No positive HIV tests

4.9%

15.1%

5.8%

9.9%


Hiv prevalence by age
HIV Prevalence by Age today.

prevalence

Age


Hiv prevalence among young people age 15 24
HIV Prevalence Among Young People (age 15-24) today.

1%

3%

<1%

Kenya: 3.6%

2%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

No positive HIV tests

4%

9%

3%

4%


Hiv prevalence and age at first sex
HIV Prevalence today.and Age at First Sex

Percent HIV-positive



Knowledge of condoms
Knowledge of Condoms today.

Percent who know that using condoms prevents transmission of HIV/AIDS


Knowledge of maternal to child transmission of hiv aids
Knowledge of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS today.

Percent who know that HIV can be spread during breastfeeding


Knowledge prevention of maternal to child transmission of hiv
Knowledge Prevention of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV

Percent who know that taking drugs during pregnancy can reduce transmission risks



Sexual behavior among youth
Sexual Behavior among Youth HIV

  • Women: almosthalf of young women have sex by the time they turn 18. And more than one in ten (13%) have sex by the time they are 15.

  • Men: Young men start having sex at an earlier age. Sixty percent had sex by age 18, and a quarter had sex by age 15.

    The good news: Young people are waiting longer to start having sex than they did 5 years ago.


Teen pregnancy and motherhood
Teen Pregnancy and Motherhood HIV

Percent of women age 15-19 who are mothers or pregnant with their first child.

15%

31%

29%

27%

15%

Kenya: 23%

21%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

29%

20%



Multiple sexual partners
Multiple Sexual Partners HIV

Percent of all women and men who had more than 1 sexual partnership in the past year

Age


Hiv testing
HIV Testing HIV

Percent of all women and men who have ever been tested and received results

Age



Current use of family planning
Current Use of Family Planning HIV

Percent of all women using a family planning method

Age


Unmet need for family planning
Unmet Need for Family Planning HIV

Percent of all women with an unmet need for family planning (either they do not want any more children or want to wait at least 2 years before their next birth but are NOT using a method of family planning)

Age



Marital violence
Marital Violence HIV

Percent of married and divorced/ separated women, age 20-24 who have experienced violence by their most recent or current husband


Alcohol and tobacco use
Alcohol and Tobacco Use HIV

  • One in five men age 20-24 smoke cigarettes.

  • Almost one in three men age 20-24 drank alcohol in the month before the survey.

  • Young women drink much less frequently than men; only 4% of 20-24 year old women drank alcohol in the month before the survey.