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Jeopardy. Population size. Population Growth. Succession/ Symbiosis. Water Quality. Food Chains. Q $100. Q $100. Q $100. Q $100. Q $100. Q $200. Q $200. Q $200. Q $200. Q $200. Q $300. Q $300. Q $300. Q $300. Q $300. Q $400. Q $400. Q $400. Q $400. Q $400. Q $500.

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jeopardy
Jeopardy

Population size

Population Growth

Succession/Symbiosis

Water Quality

Food Chains

Q $100

Q $100

Q $100

Q $100

Q $100

Q $200

Q $200

Q $200

Q $200

Q $200

Q $300

Q $300

Q $300

Q $300

Q $300

Q $400

Q $400

Q $400

Q $400

Q $400

Q $500

Q $500

Q $500

Q $500

Q $500

100 question food chains
$100 Question: Food Chains
  • Organisms, such as plants, that make their own food are called________? Organisms, such as animals, that cannot make their own food are called _________?
          • a. autotrophs, heterotrophs.
          • b. heterotrophs, autotrophs.
          • c. producers, decomposers.
          • d. decomposers, consumers.
100 answer food chains
$100 Answer: Food Chains

a. Autotrophs, heterotrophs.

200 question food chains
$200 Question: Food Chains

Rank the following in order from largest to smallest: Organism; ecosystem; community; biome; biosphere; population.

200 answer food chains
$200 Answer: Food Chains

Organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome, biosphere.

300 question food chains
$300 Question: Food Chains

Put the following into a food chain:

Deer, wildflower, fungus, vulture.

Which of these are heterotrophs? Autotrophs? Producers? Consumers? Decomposers?

300 answer food chains
$300 Answer: Food Chains

Wildflower --> deer --> vulture

Fungus

Producer/autotroph: wildflower

Consumer/heterotroph: deer, vulture

Decomposer/heterotroph: fungus

400 question food chains
$400 Question: Food Chains

Which level of an ecosystem would likely have the highest levels of accumulated toxins: producers, primary consumers, secondary consumers or tertiary consumers? Explain your answer!

400 answer food chains
$400 Answer: Food Chains

Third level or tertiary consumers; these organisms are more likely to have accumulated biotoxins because they eat higher on the food chain – therefore what they eat has accumulted trace toxins from the producers and primary consumers, concentrating these toxins in tertriary consumers.

500 question food chains
$500 Question: Food Chains

Explain how the 10 percent rule limits population sizes in an ecosystem. Explain how the 10 percent rule contributes to bioaccumulation in ecosystems.

500 answer food chains
$500 Answer: Food Chains

The 10 percent rule limits population sizes in an ecosystem, since only about 10 percent of energy is transferred between trophic levels. (The rest of the energy is lost as waste/heat.) Since only 10 percent of energy is transferred, each trophic level has about 1/10th the population size of the previous level.

Since organisms higher on the food chain have to eat a large number of prey (that have eaten large numbers of prey, etc.) toxins tend to accumulate at higher trophic levels.

100 answer population size
$100 Answer: Population Size

Sampling is estimating a population’s

size by counting a number of organisms

in a given area, then using that number

to estimate the total number of organisms.

200 question population size
$200 Question: Population Size

You need to estimate the number of oak trees in Rock Creek Park. Which of the following methods would NOT work?

Sampling

Census

Mark and release.

200 answer population size
$200 Answer: Population Size

C. Mark and release.

300 question population size
$300 Question: Population Size

Describe the effect that an increased number of moose would have on the number of songbirds in the following food web:

Hawks Coyotes Songbirds

PRIMARY Moose Elk Deer Beaver Insects Rabbit

Willows Aspen

Grasses

300 answer population size
$300 Answer: Population Size

Moose eat willows, which serve as food for insects. More moose means fewer willows, fewer insects and fewer songbirds. Songbirds also use willows as nesting sites, so decreasing the number of willows also will directly effect the songbird populations.

400 question population size
$400 Question: Population Size

In the graph below, what can we conclude about the influence of the predator population on the prey population? About the influence of the prey population on predator population?

400 answer population size
$400 Answer: Population Size
  • The prey population decreases as the predator population increases and vice versa. Both populations help regulate each other, since the number of predators decreases based on decrease in prey, and the prey will increase as a result, thereby increasing the predator population.
500 question population size
$500 Question: Population Size

You are tasked with counting the number of people in the D.C. metropolitan area. Describe TWO methods you could use to do this and the benefits and drawbacks of each.

500 answer population size
$500 Answer: Population Size

Census and sampling. The census could be difficult because of frequent immigration to and emigration from the region. In addition, there may be certain populations (those without fixed addresses, illegal immigrants) who cannot be counted easily. The benefit is that you would theoretically count everyone. Sampling could be difficult because of variable population densities and the same reasons as above. The benefit is that it would take less time and be less expensive than taking a census.

100 question water quality
$100 Question: Water Quality

What are nitrates and phosphates?

100 answer water quality
$100 Answer: Water Quality

Nutrients from fertilizers that can run-off into local bodies of water and contribute to nutrient pollution and dead zones.

200 question water quality
$200 Question: Water Quality

What is a source of dissolved oxygen in water?

Photosynthesis

Respiration

Transpiration

Turbulence

Both A and D.

200 answer water quality
$200 Answer: Water Quality

D. Both turbulence and

Photosynthesis.

300 question water quality
$300 Question: Water Quality

What are impervious surfaces? How do impervious surfaces connect to human populations and land use? To nonpoint pollution?

300 answer water quality
$300 Answer: Water Quality

Impervious surfaces are surfaces that cannot absorb rainwater. Areas with high population tend to be highly developed and have a higher percentage of impervious surfaces (paved sidewalks and roads, roofs). Runoff from these surfaces often carries various pollutants that are left on the surfaces. Pollution that cannot be attributed to one cause is called nonpoint pollution.

400 question water quality
$400 Question: Water Quality

High nutrient levels in water can lead to high levels of algae growing. What are some of the negative consequences of such an algae bloom?

400 answer water quality
$400 Answer: Water Quality

Algae produces dissolved oxygen, but when

it dies decomposers consume more dissolved

oxygen than the algae produced, leading

to “dead zones” in rivers or the Bay. Algae,

dead or alive, can also block light to under-

water vegetation, thereby lowering oxygen

produced by photosynthesis.

500 question water quality
$500 Question: Water Quality

You need to establish whether a river system is healthy. Describe what tests you could do to ascertain its health and what results you would expect from these tests were the river system healthy.

500 answer water quality
$500 Answer: Water Quality

Test for: Dissolved oxygen, pH, temperature, nutrient levels (nitrates and phosphates), light levels, health of fish, etc.

Healthy tests: high DO, neutral pH, lower temp. than surrounding land, low nutrient levels, high light levels, fish without tumors/stress reactions, etc.

100 answer succession symbiosis
$100 Answer: Succession/ Symbiosis

The relationship between two organisms of different species (or two populations) where both benefit.

200 question succession symbiosis
$200 Question: Succession/ Symbiosis

A disturbance clears an ecosystem. What are the first two stages of succession? What organisms are likely to move into the area?

200 answer succession symbiosis
$200 Answer: Succession/ Symbiosis

Establishment phase and exclusion phase. Pioneer species such as grasses and small plants move into the area, or existing seeds sprout. During the exclusion phase, weedy, fast-growing species move in and out-compete the initial grasses for limiting factors such as water and light. Accompanying animals, such as insects and herbivores, move in as well.

300 question succession symbiosis
$300 Question: Succession/ Symbiosis

Termites rely on protozoans (single-celled organisms) living in their guts to help them digest cellulose, a carbohydrate found in wood. In return, the protozoan obtains a host and nutrients. Is this mutualism, commensalism or parasitism? How do you know?

300 answer succession symbiosis
$300 Answer: Succession/ Symbiosis

Mutualism, because both species benefit from the relationship.

400 question succession symbiosis
$400 Question: Succession/ Symbiosis

Mount Saint Helens, in the Cascade mountains, is an active volcano that erupted in 1980. What kind of succession would the local ecosystem have to undergo in order to be restored? Explain your answer.

400 answer succession symbiosis
$400 Answer: Succession/ Symbiosis

Both primary and secondary succession would have to occur. Lava would coat the area in bare rock surface that would have to be processed back into soil. Areas that were covered in volcanic ash (different from lava) or otherwise cleared without removing/covering soil would undergo secondary succession.

500 question succession symbiosis
$500 Question: Succession/ Symbiosis

Coral have symbionts (organisms living in them) called zooxanthallae, which perform photosynthesis. Speculate on whether you believe this is a parasitic, commensal, or mutualistic relationship and explain why.

500 answer succession symbiosis
$500 Answer: Succession/ Symbiosis

The zoozanthallae are algae that photosynthesize. While the coral benefit from the sugars provided by the algae, it is unclear whether the algae obtain any benefit from this relationship, and is perhaps harmed by it. Therefore, it is unclear whether the relationship is mutualistic, commensal or parasitic, with the coral exploiting the algae.

100 question population growth
$100 Question: Population Growth

What is carrying capacity?

100 answer population growth
$100 Answer: Population Growth

The number of organisms of one species that an environment can support without degrading its resources.

200 question population growth
$200 Question: Population Growth

In which type of growth does carrying carrying capacity play a role? What are some factors that cause population growth to stay around carrying capacity?

200 answer population growth
$200 Answer: Population Growth

Logistic growth. Factors include limited

Biotic and abiotic resources such as prey,

competition, space, water, etc.

300 question population growth
$300 Question: Population Growth
  • Compare and contrast:
  • Intraspecific and interspecific competition.
  • Abiotic and biotic resources.
  • Density-dependent and density independent limiting factors.
  • How can each limit population growth?
300 answer population growth
$300 Answer: Population Growth

Intraspecific competition is within a species; interspecific competition is between species.

Abiotic resources are resources that have never lived (water, sunlight, etc.); biotic factors are living (competition, predation, food supplies, nesting sites/habitats in trees, etc.)

Density-dependent factors tend to be biotic (competition, etc., or limiting abiotic resources – plants competing over sunlight, water, etc.); density-independent factors tend to be natural disasters or other events that limit populations regardless of numbers.

Answers will vary.

400 question population growth
$400 Question: Population Growth

Describe and explain the kind of population growth pictured below.

400 answer population growth
$400 Answer: Population Growth

Populations grow exponentially until they reach carrying capacity, which shows the effect of limiting factors on the population. Once the population exceeds carrying capacity, limiting resources such as food, space, water, light, etc., will become scare and therefore the population will have a higher death than birth rate, decreasing it to below carrying capacity, upon which those resources become more available, allowing the population to once again increase.

500 question population growth
$500 Question: Population Growth

Has the human population reached carrying capacity? Justify your answer in at least a paragraph. Your answer should include a definition of carrying capacity and an explanation of factors that could limit human population growth.

500 answer population growth
$500 Answer: Population Growth

Carrying capacity: The maximum number of organisms in a population an ecosystem can support without degrading its resources.

Limiting factors: Space, food supply (agriculture, fishing, etc.), fossil fuels, clean water, etc.

Answers will vary.