Brazil’s innovation and research strategy models as drivers for development:Achievements, Problems and Challenges The 16th Conference of China Association for Science and Technology Kunming, Yunnan, China May 23, 2014 Helena Nader – President Presented by: Aldo Malavasi - General Secretary Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science – SBPC
Evolution of Brazilian graduate programs and research achievements “Between 1997 and 2007 the number of Brazilian papers in indexed, peer-reviewed journals more than doubled to 19,000 a year. Brazil now ranks 13th in publications, according to Thomson Reuters, having surpassed the Netherlands, Israel, and Switzerland. Brazil's universities awarded twice as many Ph.D.s this year as they did in 2001, and thousands of new academic jobs have opened up on 134 new federal campuses.” (Science, Dec. 3, 2010)
Scientific PapersBrazil, Latin America and the World Science 330:1306, 2010
Published Papers in ISI indexed Journals 2013 Source: Thomson Reuters. InCites, 2014.
Brazil’s published papers according to the area of knowledge (2009-2013) Source: Thomson Reuters. InCITIES. 2014.
Published papers from Brazil, Latin America and the world according to the areas of knowledge (2013) Source: Thomson Reuters. InCITIES. 2014.
Percentage of Brazil’s published papers according to the area of knowledge with respect to the world production (2009 to 2013) Fonte: Thomson Reuters. InCITIES. 2014.
AchievementsBrazilian leadership in S&T&I • Aerospace (airplane industry # 4 world) • Agriculture (orange, soybeans, sugarcane, tropical fruits and cereals) • Animal production (cattle, pig and poultry) • Automation: banks (before Internet); elections (results in few hours) • Biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) • Cellulose and Paper Industry • Insect biological control • Oil production in very deep water • Tropical diseases and Public Health
Highlights on Brazilian Science Production The basis of Brazilian scientific research is heavily oriented to agriculture, ecology and infectious diseases. Brazil is world leader in papers related to sugar, coffee and orange. The cattle industry produces 33% of the cattle embryos in the world. The research in these areas is growing steadily enough in order to put Brazil in a good position to approach the global concerns with food security, climate change and conservancy.
World Ranking of published papers and citations (1996 – 2012 SCImago) http://www.scimagojr.com/countryrank.php
World Ranking of published papers and citations (2012 - SCImago) http://www.scimagojr.com/countryrank.php
Innovation in the World Global Innovations Index Cornell University,INSEAD,and WIPO (2013): The Global Innovation Index 2013: The Local Dynamics of Innovation, Geneva, Ithaca,and Fontainebleau.
The Framework of Global Innovation Index 2014 Cornell University, INSEAD,and WIPO (2013): The Global Innovation Index 2013: The Local Dynamics of Innovation, Geneva, Ithaca,and Fontainebleau.
Cornell University, INSEAD,and WIPO (2013): The Global Innovation Index 2013: The Local Dynamics of Innovation, Geneva, Ithaca,and Fontainebleau.
Chalenges:Number of Researchers Fonte: UNESCO SCIENCE REPORT 2010
Chalenges: number of scientists or engineers Natural Sciences and Engineering, per selected region / countries: 2008 or last available data Source: National Science Board, Science and Engineering Indicators 2012
The fourth age of research J. Adams, Nature 497: 557-60, 2014
Problems to be solved Continuous public budget cuts on the financing sources allocated to Science, Technology and Innovation. Low investments from the private sectors. Backwardness on basic education, particularly in high school level, which directly affects the quality of learning processes at universities, and consequently, scientific productivity. Lack of English proficiency that makes internationalization a difficult task to accomplish.
Challenges (1) – Efforts on Education Although great efforts have been undertaken in order to promote great advancements on graduate programs in the past 30 years, there is a large distortion among Brazilian regions Tocontinue theexpansionpolicyofthenationalgraduateeducationalsystem. Duplicate in 5 yearsthenumberofPhysicsandChemistryteachers. Duplicate in 10 yearsthenumberofundergraduatecourses in engineering, physics, chemistryand in theareasofpharmacologyanddrugs A strongpolicytoenhancethequalityofengineeringandexactsciences
Challenges (2) stronger policies Solid policies and investments to enhance technology and innovation, which result in jobs and wealth. Continuous growth of scientific production. Higher number of registered and licensed patents, start-ups, among others related to technology and innovation.
Global Scenario Towards a new contract between Science and Society Science is in transition Communication and Education Scientific literacy North-South issues Economy for Sustainable Development Science Policy, Ethics in Science and Scientific Integrity Integrating Issues of Science and Society Office of Government Relations
Investments in Science, Technology and Innovation are priority in times of economic crisis The investments in S,T&I are essential for the sustainable development of nations and should be promoted as the best response to economic crisis.
Science education contributes to democracy and the political agenda of nations Science education of the population and the popularization of science should be encouraged, enlarging and encouraging scientists to participate in this process; and The use of new information technologies should be made available globally, stimulating initiatives that contribute to "education beyond school."
XXI Century encompasses great challenges for science It should be encouraged, through international organizations and binational and multinational agreements, the formation of networks of international scientific collaboration within a multidisciplinary perspective to address challenges common to many regions of the planet; Alongside the scientific activity directed to these great challenges, it must be promoted innovation in economics and public administration, social inclusion and the promotion of a culture of peace for reducing violence; and The research frontier, result of human curiosity, should be strengthened and expanded globally, even though it that does not produce obvious applications in the present: the history of science shows that scientific and technological revolutions arise from this type of research.