topic 6 word meaning l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Topic 6: word meaning PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Topic 6: word meaning

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Topic 6: word meaning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 116 Views
  • Uploaded on

Topic 6: word meaning . Introduction to Semantics. Morpheme . The minimal unit of meaning A smallest linguistic form in which its sound and meaning cannot be further divided and analyzed. Example: Boy-s Teach-er brother. derivation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Topic 6: word meaning' - tom


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
topic 6 word meaning

Topic 6: word meaning

Introduction to Semantics

morpheme
Morpheme
  • The minimal unit of meaning
  • A smallest linguistic form in which its sound and meaning cannot be further divided and analyzed.
  • Example:
    • Boy-s
    • Teach-er
    • brother
derivation
derivation
  • A process of forming new words based on pre-existing words.
  • 3 simultaneous processes
    • A morphological process
    • A syntactic process
    • A semantic process
slide4

morphological

process: suffix -er

Teach

syntactic

process: verb-noun

Teach-er

semantic process:

denoting an agent

zero derivation
Zero derivation
  • No morphological process occurs
    • Cook-cook
kinds of derivation
Kinds of derivation
  • Inchoative
  • Causative
  • Resultative
inchoative
inchoative
  • Denotes the beginning, or coming into existence, of some state.
    • Soft, soften
causative
causative
  • Denotes an action which causes something to happen
    • Open (a door)
resultative
resultative
  • Denotes a state resulting from some action
    • Broken –break
    • Frozen –freeze
derivational process
derivational process

STATE

Inchoative

PROCESS

Causative

ACTION

Resultative

STATE

Words denoting STATE

Words denoting

PROCESS

Words denoting

STATE

Words denoting

ACTION

derivational process example
derivational process: example

STATE

Inchoative

PROCESS

Causative

ACTION

Resultative

STATE

Straight (adj) denoting STATE

Straighten (intrans. V) denoting

PROCESS

Straightened (passive participle as adj) denoting

STATE

Straighten (trans. V) denoting

ACTION

gaps in the process
‘gaps’ in the process

STATE

Inchoative

PROCESS

Causative

ACTION

Resultative

STATE

Noble (adj)

?

Ennobled

(passive participle as adj)

Ennoble (trans. V)

the productivity of derivational processes
The productivity of derivational processes
  • A derivational process is completely productive
    • if it can be used to produce an existing derived word from EVERY appropriate source word.
  • Doubtful whether any derivational process is actually completely productive.
some are very more productive than others
Some are very more productive than others
  • Which is more productive?
    • Adverbial –ly
      • Happy-happily; quick-quickly
    • Female –ess
      • Actor-actress; prince-princess