Grade 4 lesson 31 Superlative adjectives & adverbs
Superlatives • Superlatives are words we use to compare 3 or more items to show which one is the most….above and beyond the others. • Prefix SUPER = Above; Beyond (Superman) • We use vowel suffix –estto show the superlative form: latest, lightest, loneliest • Vowel Suffix –est = the most
“JUST ADD” VOWEL SUFFIX RULES • When we have a base word, and we add a VOWEL suffix…we check the last 3 letters of the base word. • IF we have 2 consonants in the FINAL position of the base word, we can “JUST ADD” the vowel suffix! • calm + est = calmest strong + est = strongest • IF we have a vowel team or digraph in the last 3 letters of the base word, we can “JUST ADD” the vowel suffix! • sweet + est = sweetest narrow + est = narrowest
CHANGING RULE When you add a vowel suffix to a base word with vowel Y in the final position, you must change the Y to i before adding the suffix unless the suffix begins with the letter i. Base Word: lazy + est = laziest • That is the laziest girl I have ever seen!
SPELLING WORDS • laziest meanest • spiciest simplest • tastiest curliest • farthest calmest • strongest narrowest • weakest shallowest • brightest creepiest • sweetest loneliest • smartest lightest • nicest latest