Caitlyn King BME 281 second presentation Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
What is CPAP? • CPAP is a continuous positive airway pressure treatment that is used for patients that have breathing disorders such as Sleep Apnea • CPAP is also used to treat premature infants that do not have fully developed lungs
CPAP Machine • Composed of a flow generator that pushes positive pressure into a tube that connects to a mask • The mask is placed on the patients nose and/or mouth, where the air enters and then continues to the throat keeping the upper airway open.
Advantages/Disadvantages Advantages • Decrease of possible risks of: • Arrhythmias • Heart Failure • High Blood pressure • Stroke • Improve overall sleep cycle • Improve survival rate for premature infants • Disadvantages • Lack of patient compliancy • Patient are uncomfortable with equipment
Future • Better patient compliancy • Research for possible alternative treatments • Change in design of the equipment
References • Koo, B., Wiggins, R., Molina, C., REM rebound and CPAP compliance. Sleep Medicine 13(7): 864-868, 2012. • RESMED: CPAP <http://www.resmed.com/us/patients_and_families/treatment/cpap.html?nc=patients>. • Holmdal, C., Schollin, I.-L. CPAP treatment in obstructive sleep apnoea: A randomized, controlled trial of follow-up with a focus on patient satisfaction. Sleep Medicine 10: 869-874, 2009. • Toukh, M., Pereira, E., CPAP reduces hypercoagulability, as assessed by thromboelastography, in severe obstructive sleep apnoea. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. 183(3): 218-223, 2012. • National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: What Is CPAP? <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cpap> • National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. What Is Sleep Apnea? <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sleepapnea> • CPAP Wholesale: CPAP machine <http://www.cpapwholesale.com/cardinal-puresom-cpap-machine.htm>