Starter. Review the questions from last week. How can you improve them? (Look at the command words) Make use of your green pen. A2 Physical Education Sport Psychology. ANXIETY AND ATTITUDES. Week 2 Revision. Overview. Review your summary notes. Any questions arising?. Attitudes TIPS!.
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ANXIETY AND ATTITUDES
Week 2 Revision
The people, subject or situation towards which an attitude is directed.
ATTITUDES – A learned behavioural predisposition. (linked with personality)
& BEHAVIOURAL RESPONSE
Attitudes are mainly formed through experiences.
Socialisation: The process of mixing and relating to other people.
This is known as the information component
This concerns how a person intends to behave towards an attitude object
This is known as the emotional component
You need to be aware of most effective way of persuading someone to change their attitude.
Would these people persuade you or would they just cause you stress?
2. The Message
Positive to initiate
3. The recipients
Easy to changed
an attitude if the
wishes to be
4. The situation
The presence of
You are a GCSE PE pupil. How could persuasive communication change your negative attitude towards cross country?
If a person hold two ideas that oppose and conflict with each other an element of discomfort arises. Emotional conflict is called DISSONANCE.
To reduce this feeling of dissonance, the impact of one of the conflicting ideas could be lessened and therefore an attitude would change.
Updating knowledge or providing a person with new information can change the cognitive component.
Providing a person with new and positive experiences can modify the affective component.
If a skill is simplified or if some form of guidance is used to make execution easier, the behavioural component of attitude can be changed.
How could a physical education teacher change the negative attitude that a pupil may have towards swimming?
TRAIT ANXIETY: Genetically inherited. These people appear to be anxious at all times. This tends to be permanent and relatively stable.
STATE ANXIETY: This fluctuates in response to a given situation and is associated with arousal. It is a learned behavioural response, but can be controlled and manipulated to facilitate optimal performance.
SOMATIC (physical) RESPONSE: Follows the inverted U hypothesis and refers to physiological changes. Somatic responses include excesses muscular tension, heart and respiration rates, resulting in impaired movement. This condition will not allow the performer to enter a ‘peak flow’ state.
COGNITIVE (psychological) RESPONSE: Reflects increasing worry about performance. They could become increasingly apprehensive and develop doubts and negative thoughts. Attentional changes occur which negatively impact on the information processing system. If the athlete experiences worry, he or she will not attain a ‘peak flow’ state.
‘Anxiety occurs when there is a substantial imbalance between the individual’s perception of their ability and their perception of the demands and importance of the situation.’ (MARTENS)
Perception of the situational
e.g. I must win my leg of the relay if my
team is to have the chance of winning.
Perception of ability to cope.
e.g. I am not as good as my
Perception of the importance of the situation.
e.g. The result of this competition hinges
on this relay race.