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Black Leopard. Five Interesting Facts. Strong jaws and teeth to kill and carry a prey 2x their weight for miles and up a tree More common in Asia Most widespread of all the big cats From the “roaring cat family ” # of species uncertain 27 species with only 8 sub-species

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Presentation Transcript
five interesting facts
Five Interesting Facts
  • Strong jaws and teeth to kill and carry a prey 2x their weight for miles and up a tree
  • More common in Asia
  • Most widespread of all the big cats
  • From the “roaring cat family”
  • # of species uncertain
    • 27 species with only 8 sub-species
    • 7-30 subspecies
critically endangered leopards
Critically endangered leopards
  • Amur Leopard (critically endangered)
  • Anatolian Leopard (critically endangered or possibly extinct)
  • Barbary Leopard (critically endangered)
  • Java Leopard*, Pantherapardusmeas(endangered)
  • North China Leopard*, Pantherapardusjaponensis(endangered)
  • South Arabian Leopard, Pantherapardusnimr(critically endangered)
  • Sri Lanka Leopard*, Pantheraparduskotiya(endangered)
  • Zanzibar Leopard, Pantherapardusadersi(extinct)
habitat
Habitat
  • Thick forest
  • Plains
  • Savannah
  • Human-populated areas
habitat1
Habitat
  • Spread out over most of Central and South Africa
  • Greater parts of Southeast Asia
  • The Middle East
  • The Far East
  • The island of Java
what the black leopard eats
What the Black Leopard Eats
  • Small to medium-sized animals
  • Able to change what they eat depending on what is available
  • Birds, reptiles, hyraxes, baboons, monkeys and domestic dogs
what predators try to eat it
What predators try to eat it?
  • No other animal hunts the black leopard; however, human beings often kill them because:
    • They want to protect their livestock (cows, sheep, pigs).
    • They are afraid of them being “maneaters”
    • They are poachers selling their skins.
how does the black leopard reproduce
How does the black leopard reproduce?
  • Males and females avoid each other except in mating season
  • Females give birth to 2-3 cubs at a time.
  • Mother leopards hide their cubs for about 8 weeks.
  • They give them milk for about 3 months.
what is the estimated population today
What is the estimated population today?
  • Less than 250 mature individuals by some estimates
  • No one knows for sure how many.
why is it endangered
Why is it endangered?
  • Environmental changes—shrinking habitats
    • Loss of natural habitat
    • Poor condition of habitat
  • Human beings are the biggest threat to the survival of black panthers.
    • Farmers kill them to protect their animals.
    • Hunters kill them for sport.
    • Poachers kill them for their beautiful skins.
what human activities have made this animal endangered
What human activities have made this animal endangered?
  • Taking over their habitat
  • Destroying forest
  • Hunting, killing and poaching
what positive actions have been taken to help
What positive actions have been taken to help?
  • Get different people and organizations to cooperate in protecting them
  • Stop poaching and illegal trade of the leopard and its prey
  • Have protected areas
  • Educate people about wildlife and hunting
  • Captive breeding programs
  • Get people to know about leopards!
what other steps can be taken
What other steps can be taken?
  • Conservation should be a school subject—black leopards could be used as an example.
  • Scientists could develop fake fur that looks like a black leopard’s skin.
references
References
  • http://peaceriverrefuge.org/Leopard.html
  • http://randm2.tripod.com/blackleopard.html
  • http://www.care2.com/news/member/100041282/721741
  • http://infao5501.ag5.mpi-sb.mpg.de:8080/topx/archive?link=Wikipedia-Lip6-2/44303.xml&style
  • http://www.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/russia/projects/?uProjectID=RU0110