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Internment Camps. By: Rachel Walker, Marc Missera, Emily Goldberg, and Seth Dixon. Time Line. December 7, 1941: Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor. February 19, 1942:FDR signs Executive Order 9066, which states that Japanese should be interned.

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internment camps

Internment Camps

By: Rachel Walker, Marc Missera, Emily Goldberg, and Seth Dixon

time line
Time Line
  • December 7, 1941: Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor.
  • February 19, 1942:FDR signs Executive Order 9066, which states that Japanese should be interned.
  • April 1, 1942: The Internment of Japanese begins, mostly on the West Coast.
going to the camps
Going to the Camps
  • There was little warning before removal.
  • Forced to sell possessions, land, and homes quickly.
going to the camps1
Going to the Camps
  • Only allowed to bring what they could carry.
  • Soldiers confiscated any valuables they wanted.
waiting
Waiting
  • While waiting to be sent to the camps, refugees were housed in horse stalls and tents.
    • Surrounded by guards and barbed wire.
the camps
The Camps
  • Housed in wooden barracks with wood frame and tarpaper as roof.
  • 20 x 25 feet per family.
  • Overcrowded.
the camps1
The Camps
  • Only furnishings were cots, blankets, and a light bulb.
  • Communal toilet, bathing, laundry and dining.
camp locations
Camp Locations
  • California
  • Idaho
  • Utah
  • Arizona
  • Wyoming
  • Colorado
  • Arkansas
  • Canada: British Columbia
civil rights
Civil Rights
  • 2 Cases:
      • Hirabayashi v. United States 1943
      • Korematsu v. United States 1944
hirabayashi v us 1943
Hirabayashi v. US 1943
  • Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi was a University of Washington student.
    • Convicted of breaking curfew.
    • Appealed the conviction all the way to the supreme court.
    • Turning Overruled in U.S. District Court in Seattle.
korematsu v us 1944
Korematsu v. US 1944
  • Convicted of evading internment camp, but appealed this ruling .
  • The government submitted false information during the investigation.
justification for internment camps
Justification for Internment Camps:
  • The Japanese were a risk to national security.
  • The Japanese could help signal enemy sabotages.
justification
Justification
  • The Japanese citizens could become spies.
  • There was lots of “fifth-column activity” (“enemy in your midst”) amongst the Japanese.
law suits
Law Suits
  • JACL
    • Wanted each person interned to receive $15,000 and $15 for each day interned.
  • NCJAR
    • Wanted individual payments.
compensation
Compensation
  • On April 22, 1988, Congress passed a bill extending a national apology to survivors.
  • Authorized $687 million dollars of compensation.
  • Each person got $20,000.
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Dudley, William, ed. Japanese American Internment Camps. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven P, Inc., 2002.
  • World War II History." The National WWII Museum. The National World War II Museum. Web.
  • http://www.google.com