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POETRY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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POETRY. POETRY. A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas). POET The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKER The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem. POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY.

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poetry1
POETRY
  • A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
point of view in poetry
POET

The poet is the author of the poem.

SPEAKER

The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.

POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY
poetry form
FORM - the appearance of the words on the page

LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poem

STANZA - a group of lines arranged together

A word is dead

When it is said,

Some say.

I say it just

Begins to live

That day.

POETRY FORM
lines and stanzas example
Lines and Stanzas Example

Rain by Shel Silverstein

I opened my eyesAnd looked up at the rain,And it dripped in my headAnd flowed into my brain,And all that I hear as I lie in my bedIs the slishity-slosh of the rain in my head.I step very softly,I walk very slow,I can't do a handstand--I might overflow,So pardon the wild crazy thing I just said--I'm just not the same since there's rain in my head.

rhythm
RHYTHM
  • The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem
  • Rhythm can be seen with repetition or the number of syllables in the poem.
rhyme
Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.

(A word always rhymes with itself.)

LAMP

STAMP

Share the short “a” vowel sound

Share the combined “mp” consonant sound

RHYME
end rhyme
END RHYME
  • A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
  • Hector the Collector
  • Collected bits of string.
  • Collected dolls with broken heads
  • And rusty bells that would not ring.
onomatopoeia
ONOMATOPOEIA
  • Words that imitate the sound it represents
  • BUZZ
  • Can you think of any other examples?
alliteration
ALLITERATION
  • Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
  • If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
refrain
A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem.

Refrain by Allen Ginsberg

The air is dark, the night is sad,I lie sleepless and I groan.Nobody cares when a man goes mad:He is sorry, God is glad.Shadow changes into bone.Every shadow has a name;When I think of mine I moan,I hear rumors of such fame.Not for pride, but only shame,Shadow changes into bone.When I blush I weep for joy,And laughter drops from me like a stone:The aging laughter of the boyTo see the ageless dead so coy.Shadow changes into bone.

REFRAIN
simile
SIMILE
  • A comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or “resembles.”
  • “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
metaphor
METAPHOR
  • A direct comparison of two unlike things
  • Examples:
    • Kathy arrived at the grocery store with an army of children.
    • Laughter is the music of the soul.
    • The test was a walk in the park.
idiom
Idiom
  • An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says.
  • Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs.
personification
An animal or an object given human-like or life-like qualities.

the sun played hide and seek with the clouds

The headlights winked

The radio sprang to life at the touch of a button

The wind whispered softly in the night

Lightning danced across the sky

PERSONIFICATION