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Now, listen & watch carefully ladies & gentlemen!. We are going to talk about. Plurals!. Het meervoud. Plurals!. The PLURAL is the form of a verb, pronoun or noun, used when talking or writing about something of which there is MORE THAN 1. Plurals!. This presentation is about

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Now, listen & watch

carefully ladies &

gentlemen!


We are going to

talk about...

Plurals!

Het meervoud


Plurals!

The PLURAL is the form of

a verb, pronoun or noun,

used when talking or writing

about something

of which there is

MORE THAN 1


Plurals!

This presentation is about

The PLURAL-form of the NOUN


Plurals!

Study these examples:

2 carrots

1 carrot…

2 beans

1 bean...

2 apples

1 apple…

2 grapes

1 grape...


Plurals!

What will be the rule?

Try to find this out yourselves and...

find more examples!


Plurals!

Main Rule

enkelvoud +s = meervoud

So:

Bean +s = Beans


Plurals!

Study these examples:

2 glassES

1 glass…

2 boxES

1 box...

2 busES

1 bus…

2 churchES

1 church...


Plurals!

What will be the rule?

Try to find this out yourselves and...

find more examples!


Plurals!

Rule 2

Woord eindigt op sisklank?

+es in het meervoud!

So:

bus +es = buses


Plurals!

Study these examples:

1 cherr Y…

2 cherrIES

1 babY…

2 babIES

1 raspberrY...

2 raspberrIES


Plurals!

What will be the rule?

Try to find this out yourselves and...

find more examples!


Plurals!

Rule 3a

Woord eindigt op Y?

-y wordt -ies in het meervoud!

So:

cherrycherries


Plurals!

BUT...

1 boY…

2 boyS

1 monkeY...

2 monkeyS


Plurals!

What will be the rule here?

Try to find this out yourselves and...

find more examples!


Plurals!

Rule 3b

Woord eindigt op KLINKER + Y?

+s in het meervoud!

So:

boy + sboys


You haven’t fallen

asleep have you!?


Plurals!

Study these examples:

2 potatOES

1 potato…

2 negrOES

1 negro...

2 tomatOES

1 tomato...


Plurals!

What will be the rule?

Try to find this out yourselves and...

find more examples!


Plurals!

Rule 4a

Woord eindigt op O?

+es in het meervoud!

So:

potato potatoes


Plurals!

BUT...

2 radioS

1 radio…

2 studioS

1 studio…


Plurals!

Rule 4b

Woord eindigt op KLINKER + O?

+s in het meervoud!

So:

radio + s radios


Plurals!

Exceptions...

2 mosquitoS

1 mosquito…

2 pianoS

1 piano…

2 discoS

1 disco…

  • Learn these by heart!


Plurals!

Study these examples:

2 knives

1 knife…

1 wolf...

2 wolves

1 thief...

2 thieves


Plurals!

Rule 5

Woord eindigt op -f of -fe?

-f/-fe wordt –ves in het meervoud!

So:

wolfwolves


Plurals!

Study these examples:

2 cacti

1 cactus…

1 nucleus...

2 nuclei

1 focus...

2 foci


Plurals!

Rule 6

Woord eindigt op -us?

-us wordt -i in het meervoud!

So:

cactuscacti


Plurals!

Study these examples:

2 analyses

1 analysis…

1 crisis...

2 crises

1 thesis...

2 theses


Plurals!

Rule 7

Woord eindigt op -is?

-is wordt -es in het meervoud!

So:

crisiscrises


Plurals!

Study these examples:

2 phenomena

1 phenomenon…

1 criterion...

2 criteria


Plurals!

Rule 8

Woord eindigt op -on?

-on wordt -a in het meervoud!

So:

criterioncriteria


Plurals!

Special cases

1 man / 2 men

1

1 woman / 2 women

1 child / 2 children

  • Learn these by heart!


Plurals!

Special cases

1 goose / 2 geese

2

1 foot / 2 feet

1 tooth / 2 teeth

  • Learn these by heart!


Plurals!

Special cases

1 louse / 2 lice

3

1 mouse / 2 mice

But: 1 house / 2 houses

  • Learn these by heart!


Plurals!

Special cases

1 sheep / 2 sheep

4

1 deer / 2 deer

1 salmon / 2 salmon

  • Any rule here?


Plurals!

Special cases

police

time

5

water

cattle

oil

money

people

  • Any rule here?


Plurals!

Special cases

Sommige woorden staan al in het meervoud:

6a

Jeans, tights, shorts, trousers, goggles, etc.

Het werkwoord dat bij deze vorm hoort heeft ook de meervoudsvorm !

Example: Her jeans are too long.


Plurals!

Special cases

Na een telwoord gebruik je pair(s) of bij:

6b

Jeans, tights, shorts, trousers, goggles, etc.

Example: I have a pair of new jeans.

I have two pairs of new jeans.


Plurals!

Special cases

Sommige zelfstandige naamwoorden eindigen met –ics maar zijn geen meervoud:

7

gymnastics, athletics, politics, physics, etc.

Example: Gymnastics is my favourite sport.


Plurals!

Special cases

News is geen meervoud!

8

Example:

What time is the news on television?


Plurals!

Special cases

Sommige zelfstandige naamwoorden eindigen op een –s maar kunnen enkelvoud of meervoud zijn:

9

A means of transport

A television series

a species of birds

Example: I know 200 species of birds.


Plurals!

Special cases

Als het gaat om meer dan 1 persoon of ding wordt in het Engels altijd meervoud gebruikt.

10

  • Examples:

  • It happened ten years ago.

  • - His two sons are farmers.

Let op! In het Nederlands gebruik je dan vaak het enkelvoud.


Plurals!

Did you really learn something?

Or are PLURALS still a mystery to you?

If so...


Plurals!

Check these sites:

http://www.digischool.nl/en/ (oefenen/grammatica/zelfstandige nmw)

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/

http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/plurals.htm

(with additional information on special cases!)

http://english-zone.com/spelling/nouns1.html (with many exercises)


Plural Poem

One little crocodile swimming in the pond,

Then he sees two little _______

Hopping all around.

Flying high up in the sky, go three flapping

______,

Then they dive and land upon three

______________.

Four little ___________

Drinking all the water.

Will they notice five big ____________

Oh, I think they ought to!

Six slimy __________

Slithering on the shore,

Will they catch their tea today?

Seven _________________.

Eight climbing ____________

Whizzing up the tree, chasing their best friends,

Nine ___________.

Night is falling quickly, time to say goodbye,

Ten shining __________

Sparkle in the sky.


Plurals!

The END


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