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A Project Presentation On WiMAX (IEEE 802.16) Presented By Aruleba, Olakunle Michael (102237612). WiMAX (IEEE 802.16). Content. Introduction Overview of the IEEE 802.16 Standard Application Physical layer MAC Layer WIMAX versus Wi-Fi Conclusion References. WiMAX (IEEE 802.16).

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a project presentation on wimax ieee 802 16 presented by aruleba olakunle michael 102237612
A Project Presentation

On

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

Presented

By

Aruleba, Olakunle Michael (102237612)

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

content
Content
  • Introduction
  • Overview of the IEEE 802.16 Standard
  • Application
  • Physical layer
  • MAC Layer
  • WIMAX versus Wi-Fi
  • Conclusion
  • References

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

introduction
Introduction
  • The acronym WiMAX stands for “Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access”. It is based on IEEE 802.16 standard.
  • IEEE 802.16 is the IEEE standard for Wireless Metropolitan Area Network (Wireless MAN).
  • It specifies the air interface for fixed, portable, and mobile broadband wireless access (BWA) systems supporting multimedia services.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

introduction4
Introduction
  • WiMAX aims to provide wireless broadband services with a target range of up to 31 miles at a transmission rate exceeding 100 Mbps.
  • It is also to provide a wireless alternative to cable, DSL and T1/E1 for last mile access.
  • The term IEEE 802.16 and WIMAX are used interchangeably.
  • WiMAX is to IEEE 802.16 what Wi-Fi is to IEEE 802.11

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

overview of the ieee 802 16 standard
Overview of the IEEE 802.16 Standard
  • Designed for point-to-point (PTP) and point-to-multipoint (PTM) topologies but mainly deployed for point to multipoint topologies. It also support mesh topologies.
  • In PTM a base station (BS) services many subscriber stations (SS) which are mounted outdoors.
  • IEEE 802.16 has three major versions; 802.16-2001, 802.16-2004 and IEEE 802.16-2005.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

ieee 802 16 2001
IEEE 802.16-2001
  • Addresses fixed line of sight connections and operates in the licensed frequency range between 10 GHz and 66 GHz.
  • At these high frequency range there are more available bandwidth and reduced risk of interference.
  • Has a maximum coverage of 5km.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

ieee 802 16 2004 802 16d
IEEE 802.16-2004 (802.16d)
  • Designed to operate in lower frequency range; 2-11 GHz.
  • Support Non-line of sight (NLOS) operation.
  • Operates in both licensed (3.5 GHz) and unlicensed (5.8 GHz).
  • Operates with a range of up to 50km and data rates of up to 75Mbps.
  • It is the most supported version of the standard by vendors.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

ieee 802 16 2005 802 16e
IEEE 802.16-2005(802.16e)
  • Support mobility and will standardize networking between fixed base stations and mobile devices.
  • Would enable high-speed signal handoffs necessary for communications with users moving at vehicular speeds which is below 100km/h.
  • It will provide a symmetric (up and down) bit rates of 70Mbps.
  • operate in the frequency range between 2-6 GHz.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

applications
Applications
  • To provide a wireless alternative to cable, DSL and T1/E1 for last mile access especially in areas where wire broadband access are absent.
  • Serves as E1/T1 replacements for small and medium size businesses.
  • Provide residential ‘wireless DSL’ for broadband Internet at home.
  • It can be used as wireless backhaul for Wi-Fi hotspot and cellular companies.
  • Operators/carriers can use it as a backup backbone.
  • It can be used in disaster recovery scenes where the wired networks have broken down.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

applications10
Applications

Figure 1: WiMAX Applications [2]

WiMAX (IEE 802.16)

applications11
Applications

Figure 2: WiMAX Applications [5]

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

physical layer
Physical layer

IEEE 802.16-2001

  • Designed for line-of-sight propagation because the frequency range is between 10-66 GHz.
  • single-carrier modulation is used and the air interface is called “WirelessMAN-SC”.
  • In PTM architecture, the BS transmits a TDM signal, with individual subscriber stations allocated time slots serially. While access in the uplink direction is by Time-division Multiple Access (TDMA).
  • uses both time division duplexing (TDD) and frequency-division duplexing (FDD).

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

physical layer13
Physical layer

IEEE 802.16-2004 (802.16d)

  • Design for the 2-11 GHz range and is more complex because of interference.
  • Three air interfaces are specified for this range, which are;
    • Wireless MAN-SC uses single carrier modulation
    • Wireless MAN-OFDM uses a 256-carrier FDM. Provides multiple access to different stations through TDMA. (Most adopted by vendors)
    • Wireless MAN-OFDMA uses a 2,048-carrier OFDM scheme. Provides multiple access by assigning a subset of the carriers to an individual receiver

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

physical layer14
Physical layer

Table 1: Physical Layer Features [5]

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

physical layer15
Physical layer

IEEE 802.16-2005 (802.16e)

  • The main technologies used for it’s physical layer are OFDMA and an improved version called Scalable OFDMA (SOFDMA).
  • OFDMA is required in the implementation of 802.16e and also for the certification of 802.16e devices.
  • SOFDMA scales the number of sub-carriers in a channel with possible values of 128, 512, 1024, and 2,048.
  • OFDMA and SOFDMA also benefit fixed broadband service because carriers can allocate spectrum more efficiently and reduce interference.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

mac layer
MAC Layer
  • It is connection oriented and supports quality of service.
  • It uses a slotted TDMA protocol scheduled by the base terminal station to allocate capacity to subscribers.
  • Supports both Time Division Duplex (TDD) and Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and, also Half Duplex-FDD.
  • supports quality of service (QoS) for stations through adaptive allocation of the uplink and downlink traffic.
  • It also supports different transport technologies such as IPv4, IPv6, Ethernet, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) and any future protocol not yet developed.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

mac layer17
MAC Layer

Table 2: MAC Layer Features [5]

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

wimax versus wi fi ieee 802 16 versus 802 11
WIMAX versus Wi-Fi (IEEE 802.16 versus 802.11)
  • WiMAX was designed to replace the last-mile wired-broadband access networks while Wi-Fi was created for providing services into LAN networks.
  • At the PHY layer, WiMAX channel sizes ranges from 1.75 MHz to 20 MHz while Wi-Fi based products require at least 20 MHz for each channel.
  • Wi-Fi uses the CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance) which is not an efficient protocol. The MAC layer in WiMAX has been designed to scale from one to up 100s users within one RF channel.
  • In WiMAX, the base station assigns a QoS class to each connection. In 802.11, QoS was not considered in the early stage of its implementation.
  • WiMAX supports many transport technologies, such as ATM, IPv4, and IPv6 which are not supported by Wi-Fi.
  • WiMAX has the ability to support longer range transmission from 2 to 40 kilometers. While 802.11 was designed for low power consumption which limit the coverage to hundreds of meters.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

conclusion
Conclusion
  • WiMAX will no doubt be a viable alternative to DSL and cable connections.
  • It has changed the scene of wireless broadband by standardizing an industry which provides proprietary solutions.
  • There have been more than 150 commercial trials and WiMAX network deployments that have taken place worldwide.
  • In January 2006, Samsung revealed its WiMAX enabled M8000 handset, which connects directly to WiMAX base stations through 802.16e. [2]
  • Most of the frequency range where WiMAX can operate is really congested and most have been allocated to carriers and other users.
  • WiMAX mobile version, may face serious competition from IEEE 802.20 mobile broadband technology and 3G cellular systems.
  • It will have stiff competition with already establish broadband access technology such as DSL and cable modem.
  • The Mobile version (802.16e) is not compatible with the fixed version (802.16d) which has slow down the release of WiMAX equipment into the market by vendors.
  • WiMAX is the future of wireless broadband access technology.

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

references
References
  • [1] Eklund, C.; Marks, R.B.; Stanwood, K.L.; Wang, S.;”IEEE standard 802.16: a technical overview of the WirelessMANTM air interface for broadband wireless access”, Communications Magazine, IEEE, Volume 40, Issue 6, Page(s):98 – 107, June 2002
  • [2] Abichar, Z.; Yanlin Peng; Chang, J.M.; “WiMax: The Emergence of Wireless Broadband”, ITProfessional, Volume 8, Issue 4, Page(s):44 – 48, July-Aug. 2006
  • [3] H. Córdova ¹, P. Boets ¹ L. Van Biesen ¹, “Insight Analysis into WI-MAX Standard and its trends”, white paper, www.zdnet.com, April 2005
  • [4] Ghosh, A.; Wolter, D.R.; Andrews, J.G.; Chen, R.; “Broadband wireless access with WiMax/802.16: current performance benchmarks and future potential”, Communications Magazine, IEEE, Volume 43, Issue 2, Page(s):129 – 136, Feb 2005
  • [5] “IEEE 802.16a Standard and WiMAX Igniting Broadband Wireless Access”, white paper, WiMax forum, www.wimaxforum.org, May 2004.
  • [6] Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols, “Achieving wireless broadband with WiMax”,Computer IEEE journal, Volume 37, Issue 6, Page(s):10 – 13, June 2004
  • [7]Intel, ”Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing”, White papers, 2004
  • [8] IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems, Page(s):0_1 – 857,2004
  • [9] “Scalable OFDMA Physical Layer in IEEE 802.16 WirelessMAN”, Intel Technology journal, Volume 08, Issue 04, Page(s); 201-212, 2004
  • [10] Richardson, Michael and Ryan, Patrick S., "WiMAX: Opportunity or Hype?", ITERA, 2006 Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=892260

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

thank you
Thank You

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)

questions
Questions

WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)