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www.eurochambres.eu www.eurocommerce.be. WTO and SMEs. What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?. 5 October. WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?. Dirk VANTYGHEM. Eurochambres. www.eurochambres.eu www.eurocommerce.be.

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wto and smes

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

WTO and SMEs

What is Needed to Have

a Win-Win Situation?

5 October

dirk vantyghem

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

Dirk VANTYGHEM

Eurochambres

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

why are smes so important
Why are SMEs so important?
  • SMEs: < 250 employees and < €50m turnover
  • 23m SMEs in the EU countries
  • 99.8% of businesses in the EU-25 are SMEs
  • Provide 100m jobs: 2/3 of all private sector jobs
barriers to internationalisation of smes
Barriers to Internationalisation of SMEs
  • Tariff barriers
  • Lack of IPR protection
  • Product standards
  • Existing laws and regulations
  • Lack of capital or finance
  • Lack of support and/or advice
  • Cultural and language differences
  • Lack of information
challenges of smes
Challenges of SMEs

Globalisation

Catalyser or Barrier ?

SMEs

Development

Role of WTO ?

laurent matile

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

Laurent MATILE

UNCTAD/WTO

International Trade Centre (ITC)

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

piero iacomoni

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

Piero IACOMONI

Monnalisa

Manufacturer, Italy

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

peter bernert

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

Peter BERNERT

Brieftaube

Retailer, Austria

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

jos mar a cervera

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

José María CERVERA

Barcelona Chamber of Commerce

Spain

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

kees keijzer

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

Kees KEIJZER

European Commission

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

wto forum 5 october

WTO FORUM 5 OCTOBER

PANEL "WTO AND SMES"

wto rules in the interest of smes
WTO rules:in the interest of SMEs

A rules based system is in the interest of smaller companies,

rather than large ones

The GATT/WTO system has led to increased possibilities

to export for SMEs:

  • Lower (and bound) tariffs for goods
  • Guaranteed access conditions for services, including right of establishment, cross border and movement of service providers and consumers
  • Protection of intellectual property
  • Disciplines for subsidies and trade defence instruments
  • Effective system of dispute settlement
what has the ec done for its smes
What has the EC done for its SMEs?

Market Access Strategy:

  • Market Access Database:Gives information on all trade barriers affecting exports. Interactive: gives SMEs possibility to flag problems in third country markets
  • Applied tariffs database:Provides information on duties and taxes applicable to goods imported into almost one hundred non-EU countries
  • Trade Barriers RegulationA legal instrument that gives the right to companies from the EU to lodge a complaint with the European Commission who then investigate and determine whether there is evidence of a violation of international trade rules which has resulted in either adverse trade effects or injury.
what has the ec done for smes from developing countries
What has the EC done for SMEsfrom developing countries?
  • Export Helpdesk for Developing Countries and Exporters Guide to Import Formalities in the EUOn line service with information on all import requirements in the EU (tariffs, documents, rules of origin, taxes) as well as a "market place" to do business
  • Trade-Related AssistanceSince the launch of the Doha Round, the EC has allocated around 3.3 billion euros on trade policy/regulations, trade development and private sector support in developing countries.
what more can be done in wto to help smes 1
What more can be done in WTO to help SMEs? (1)

Trade Facilitation

Reduction and simplification of import, export, transit and customs

procedures.

Examples of measures under negotiation:

  • publish and make available information
  • time periods for consultation and comments before new rules come into force
  • advance rulings
  • easier procedures for release and clearance of goods
  • appeals procedures
  • limits to fees and charges applied
  • easier transit
what more can be done in wto to help smes 2
What more can be done in WTO to help SMEs? (2)

Proposed procedures for the Facilitation of Solutions to NTBs

  • SME's want quick, pragmatic solutions to concrete trading problems. Dispute settlement is not always an option. WTO regular bodies are not well-suited for problem solving
  • Procedure should be simple, conciliatory and expedient, with well-defined steps and tight time lines
  • It should involve a facilitator acting as a mediator giving non-binding recommendations
  • Any WTO member country facing an NTB in another country could file a properly substantiated complaint requesting the WTO to launch a procedure
  • The facilitator would help clarify the issue, lead the consultations and make recommendations on possible (non-binding) solutions
questions

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

Questions?

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be

ralph kamph ner

WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007WTO and SMEs: What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation?

Ralph KAMPHÖNER

EuroCommerce

www.eurochambres.euwww.eurocommerce.be