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The Crusades 1095 - 1291. Christians. A series of eight wars that were fought between the Christians and the Muslims over the “holy land,” Jerusalem (capital of Israel today). Muslims. Christians and Muslims.

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The Crusades 1095 - 1291


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the crusades 1095 1291
The Crusades 1095 - 1291

Christians

  • A series of eight wars that were fought between the Christians and the Muslims over the “holy land,” Jerusalem
  • (capital of Israel today).

Muslims

christians and muslims
Christians and Muslims
  • Christianity – A religion whose followers believe in Jesus Christ as the Messiah (prophet). Followers of Christianity are called Christians.
  • There are two branches of Christianity today: Catholics and Protestants
  • Islam – A religion whose followers believe that Muhammad was the last prophet that God sent to earth. Followers of Islam are called Muslims.
  • There are two branches of Islam today: Sunnis (90%) and Shiites (10%)
what started the crusades
What started the Crusades?
  • The Muslims had governed Jerusalem for centuries and had allowed Christian and Jewish pilgrims into Jerusalem (economics).
  • In the 1070’s the Muslim Turks (a different group of Muslims) conquered Jerusalem, but did not allow the Christians and Jewish pilgrims into Jerusalem & the pope wanted the Muslims out of Jerusalem
  • The Turks also threatened the Byzantine Empire (Eastern half of the Roman Empire – Constantinople) and the Emperor Alexius asked for help from the Pope.
byzantine empire
Byzantine Empire

Constantinople

Jerusalem

the pope s response
The Pope’s Response
  • Pope Urban II made a speech at the Council (meeting) of Clermont in November of 1095 to make people aware of the need to win back the Holy Land. This was also a way to harness the violent energy of the knights. This started the Crusades.
crusaders will answer the pope s call
Crusaders will answer the Pope’s call!

I’m a knight and I will fight!

reasons soldiers went to fight
Reasons soldiers went to fight

1) Religion

-save the Holy land

-God wills it

-gain forgiveness of their sins

2) Wealth/personal gain

-gain land

-gain goods

3) Excitement and adventure

4) Prove themselves

5) Nothing to lose