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Canine Behavior. Vet Science. How Dogs Communicate. Vocalizations Body Postures Direct Contact Scents or Smells. What to Observe. Ear Positions Neutral Forward Alert Back Pricked ears www.caninetofivedetroit.com  Floppy ears- frightened or relaxed Cropped ears- hard to read.

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Canine Behavior


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Canine Behavior Vet Science

    2. How Dogs Communicate • Vocalizations • Body Postures • Direct Contact • Scents or Smells

    3. What to Observe • Ear Positions • Neutral • Forward • Alert • Back • Pricked ears www.caninetofivedetroit.com  • Floppy ears- frightened or relaxed • Cropped ears- hard to read

    4. What to Observe • Tail Positions • High tail carriage- alert • Lower tail carriage- fearful, defensive (tucking) • Wagging tail- NOT ALWAYS FRIENDLY! • Motionless- alert • When observing: • How does the tail position change overtime? • Is the hair fluffed up? • Is it stationary or wagging? • If wagging, is it quickly or slowly? • How does the rest of the dog look? http://www.vetstreet.com

    5. What to Observe • Overall Body Carriage • Relaxed or at ease • Alert • Stand erect • Lean forward • Crouched or cowering • Afraid • Play bow en.wikipedia.org 

    6. What to Observe • Gaze • Wide • Narrowed • Relaxed • Focus of gaze- Direct? Avoidance? Scanning? • Direct/prolonged- threatening • Avoidance- fear, submission • Scanning- blinking, relaxed • Scrunch- threatening www.world-science.net 

    7. What to Observe • Dilated pupils- • fear • high arousal • scanning environment • nervous • Extra Wide • Unwavering gaze • How open are the eyes? • Scrunched look- attack mode • Fixated gaze- attack mode laweekly.blogs.com

    8. What to Observe • Stance or Positioning • Behavior worksheet www.operationsports.com  www.ohmidog.com www.vetstreet.com

    9. What to Observe • Mouth Position/Baring Teeth • Closed- Low arousal • Barring teeth- attack mode • Submissive grin • Licking lips- panting, cool down • Show teeth but eyes wide open • Panting- worked/happy • Happy Face- tongue out, relaxed • Yawning- bored, displacement behavior blog.dog-and-bone.co.uk

    10. Biting • Not touching target • Teeth touching (no mark) • Inhibited biting • Full bite (injury) • Threats may or may not lead to aggression

    11. What to Observe • Vocalizations • Barking • Growling • Whining

    12. Displacement Behaviors • Yawning- tired or bored • Lip Licking- conditional • Grooming • Redirected aggression animalconnectionac.wordpress.com 

    13. Observations vs. Interpretations • Observing: • short time • describe what you see • Interpreting: • take time • not always accurate

    14. Threatening gestures • Direct eye contact • Facing the dog • Leaning over the dog • Reaching for the dog http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PHLnjiISsOo

    15. Agonistic Behavior Agonistic Behavior- threatened or challenged behavior • Escape behaviors- body crouched • Submissive or appeasement behaviors • Tail tuck • Ears floppy • Threats, either offensive or defensive • Aggression, either offensive or defensive

    16. Threatening Behavior • Offensive threat/Aggression • Ears forward • Tail between ears • Defensive threat/Aggression • Ears back • Tail tucked www.ccrnatacna.org

    17. Aggression • Mixed motivation • Territorial • Ears back • Tail wagging http://www.dog-behavior-tips.com

    18. Aggression • Fear- submissive • Possessive • Protective • Member of social group • Hand shake, playing, hugging, etc. • Maternal • Dominance- directed toward unfamiliar • Predatory • Not aggression • Caused by cats, small child

    19. Important Social Behaviors • Greetings among dogs • Greetings between dogs and people • Friendly and playful behavior • Displacement behaviors

    20. Application Activity • Get out a piece of paper. • Number the paper 1-8. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LIqQI57lA3w • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtT9X4eT_Ss • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X3OamWUFCtE • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oxnAZcRXE1w • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6C7QxVfYccA • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ZMlfrtmkds • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_2qnI9e4CM • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jUuj4YYzns

    21. QUIZ 9. What is agnostic behavior? A. unexplained behavior B. Resting, comfortable behavior C. Threatened, challenged behavior D. None of the above 10. Which of the following is a characteristic of a defensively threatening dog? • A submissive grin • Play bow • Tucked tail • Excessive licking

    22. Quiz 11. What should you look for when observing a dog’s behavior? A. Ear positions B. Tail positions C. Overall body carriage D. All of the above 12. Which of the following is a characteristic of aggressive behavior? A. Dilated pupils B. Eyes opened extra wide C. Unwavering gaze D. All of the above

    23. Quiz 13. A bored dog will show a __________ behavior. A. Aggressive B. Yawning C. Territorial D. None of the above 14. An aggressive dog will tend to have ______ ears. A. Pricked B. Floppy C. Cropped D. None of the above