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Instructor Development Course. Brad Natalizio. Police Officer Village of Chester 47 Main Street Chester, NY 10918 845-469-4681. Police Involved Shootings and Stress Management. Objectives : Upon completion training, each student will be able to verbally or in writing:.

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Instructor development course

InstructorDevelopmentCourse


Brad natalizio

Brad Natalizio

Police Officer

Village of Chester

47 Main Street

Chester, NY 10918

845-469-4681



Objectives upon completion training each student will be able to verbally or in writing
Objectives:Upon completion training, each student will be able to verbally or in writing:

  • Without reference to notes, list five examples of critical incidents, without error.

  • Without reference to notes, list three signs of stress that a Police Officer may experience after a police involved shooting, without error.

  • Without reference to notes, verbally state two examples of a perceptual distortion a police officer may experience from a police involved shooting, without error.


Objectives
Objectives:

  • Without reference to notes, list two benefits of police involved shooting intervention, without error.

  • Without reference to notes, list two recommended agency protocol's, after an officer is involved in a shooting, without error.


Value to the trainee
Value to the trainee:

  • Make trainee aware of emotional and psychological responses associated with police involved shootings.

  • Make sure that the trainee is aware that stress management is essential after a police involved shootings and the benefits of intervention.


Reality of training
Reality of training:

  • Cops function at a different level than the general public, when our perception of reality is disturbed we begin to doubt ourselves and intervention is a key element for emotionally surviving a police shooting.

  • Officer’s experience many different and deep emotional reactions to critical incidents and police involved shootings.

  • In 2007, 71 officer’s in the U.S. were killed by gunfire.


What is a critical incident for a p olice officer
What is a critical incident for a Police Officer?

  • Any situation faced by emergency service personnel that causes them to experience unusually strong emotional reactions which have the potential to interfere with their ability to function either at the scene or later.

  • A critical incident is any event or experience, which has the power to overwhelm the defenses of an individual.

  • Critical incidents are typically sudden, powerful events that fall outside the range of ordinary human experience.


Critical incidents
Critical Incidents:

  • Disrupts beliefs, values, and basic assumptions about how the world and the people with in it work.

  • Critical incidents may last only a few seconds or the incident can last for hours.

  • Because they happen so abruptly, critical incidents can have a strong emotional impact on the officer.


Critical incidents1
Critical Incidents:

  • There is no right way to react, think, or feel during and after a critical incident.

  • The definition of a critical incident must remain fluid because what affects one officer might not affect another.

  • The circumstances of the event, the personality of the officer, the way the incident is handled by the department, the media, and peer and family support all affect the officer’s reactions to the incident.


Myths about critical incidents
Myths about Critical Incidents

  • If it didn’t bother another officer, it means that it won’t bother me.

  • If it does bother me, it means that I am weak and not cut out to be a police officer.


What are some examples of a critical incident
What are some examples of a critical incident?

  • Police involved shooting

  • Hostage or barricaded situation

  • Major traffic accident

  • Serious injury, death, or suicide of a fellow officer

  • Mass casualty

  • Death, injury, or abuse of a child

  • Contact with communicative diseases

  • Attempting to rescue a victim where the pain and suffering is obvious

  • Knowing the victim

  • Serious injury or death to a civilian resulting from department service operations

  • Any other serious threat to the life of you or your partner


Why is it important to identify a critical incident
Why is it important to identify a critical incident?

  • Agency protocol

  • Emotional welfare of the officer or officer’s involved

  • Watch for signs of harmful stressors

  • Understand that stress symptoms are OK and natural


Objective review
Objective Review:

List five examples of critical incidents.

  • Police involved shooting

  • Hostage or barricaded situation

  • Major traffic accident

  • Serious injury, death, or suicide of a fellow officer

  • Mass casualty

  • Death, injury, or abuse of a child

  • Contact with communicative diseases

  • Attempting to rescue a victim where the pain and suffering is obvious

  • Knowing the victim

  • Serious injury or death to a civilian resulting from department service operations

  • Any other serious threat to the life of you or your partner


Police involved shootings
Police Involved Shootings

  • Shootings involving armed police officer’s

  • Threat of death or serious physical injury imposed, use of deadly physical force

  • Under § 35.30, a police officer may use deadly physical force to the extent he reasonably believes it necessary to defend himself or someone else from what he reasonably believes to be the use or imminent use of deadly physical force

  • Critical incident


2007

  • Causes of shooting deaths:

  • 15 Officer’s were shot during domestic violence calls

  • 5 Officer’s were shot during a robbery

  • 3 Officer’s were shot during a traffic stop

  • 4 Officer’s were shot by a co-worker

  • 4 Officer’s were shot by their own gun

  • 2 Officer’s were shot for retaliation

  • 71 Officer’s in total died by gunfire


Emotional impact
Emotional Impact

Physical on scene stressors:

  • Knot in stomach

  • Nausea

  • Hyperventilation

  • Muscle tremors

  • Profuse sweating

  • Chest pains

  • Chills

  • Dizziness

    These on scene stressors can be due to gore of incident, panic, ect.


Emotional impact1
Emotional Impact

Delayed responses

  • Headaches/ dizzy spells

  • Tremors/ muscle

  • Stomach disturbances

  • Heartburn/ chest pains

  • High blood pressure


Emotional impact2
Emotional Impact

What is a Perceptual distortion?

The psychological and emotional flooding that occurs during a traumatic incident that may distort how information is processed and recalled.


Emotional impact3
Emotional Impact

Perceptual Distortions:

  • Time seeming to speed up or slow down

  • No feeling of recoil from weapon

  • Lingering odor or taste of burnt gun powder

  • Gunshots may be muffled

  • Tunnel vision


Emotional impact4
Emotional Impact

Perceptual distortions: During a police shooting

  • Cognitive processing system automatically switches over to experiential thinking

  • Training goes into action

    • Automatically

    • Rapidly


Emotional impact5
Emotional Impact

Perceptual Distortions

  • “I told the SWAT team that the suspect was firing at me from down a long dark hallway about 40 feet long. When I went back to the scene the next day, I was shocked to discover that he had actually been only about 5 feet in front of me in an open room. There was no dark hallway”.

  • “When I got home from the shooting, my wife told me that I called her on my cell phone during the pursuit of the violent suspect just prior to the shooting. I have no memory of making that phone call”.


Emotional impact6
Emotional Impact

Perceptual Distortions

  • “I saw the suspect suddenly point his gun at my partner. As I shot him, I saw my partner go down in a spray of blood. I ran over to help my partner, and he was standing there unharmed. The suspect never even got a shot off”.

  • “If it hadn’t been for the recoil, I wouldn’t have known my gun was working. Not only didn’t I hear the shots but afterward my ears weren’t even ringing”.


Common stress symptoms after a police involved shooting
Common Stress Symptoms After a Police Involved Shooting

Emotional Symptoms:

  • Heightened sense of danger

  • Nightmares

  • Sleep difficulties

  • Agitated/ irritable

  • Overactive

  • Blaming/ denial

  • Fear/ Anxiety

  • Isolation/ withdrawal

  • Depression


Common stress symptoms after a police involved shooting1
Common Stress Symptoms After a Police Involved Shooting

Physical Symptoms:

  • Tremors/ shakes

  • Confusion

  • Crying

  • Chills

  • Light headed

  • Rapid pulse

  • Profuse sweating

  • Upset stomach


Common stress symptoms after a police involved shooting2
Common Stress Symptoms After a Police Involved Shooting

  • What is anxiety?

    • “Apprehension, dread, or un-easiness similar to fear but based on an unclear threat” (paranoid)

  • What is depression?

    • “A state of deep despondency marked by apathy, emotional negativity, and behavioral inhibition” (really sad)

    • Prolonged sadness

    • Factor that leads to suicide


Common stress symptoms after a police involved shooting3
Common Stress Symptoms After a Police Involved Shooting

  • Signs of depression:

    • Difficulty in making decisions

    • Decreased productivity

    • Inability to concentrate

    • Decline in dependability

    • Unusual increase in errors in work

    • Being prone to accidents

    • Frequent tardiness, increased "sick" days

    • Lack of enthusiasm for work


20 signals that i m stuck
20 Signals that I’m Stuck:

  • Twenty Signals Handout

    • Look for these signals in fellow officer after a shooting

    • Seek intervention


Objective review1
Objective Review

  • List three signs of stress a Police Officer may experience after being involved in a shooting:

  • List two perceptual distortions a Police Officer may experience from a police shooting:


Police involved shooting intervention
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Police involved shooting intervention:

  • Mental health counseling

  • Co-worker support

  • Peer/ family support


Police involved shooting intervention1
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Mental Health Counseling:

  • The process by which a professional counselor helps a Police Officer cope with mental or emotional distress, and understand and solve a personal problem (police shooting)

  • The initial post shooting intervention should occur within one week after the shooting

  • Separate from fitness for duty assessments


Police involved shooting intervention2
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

  • A post-shooting intervention should be conducted by a licensed mental health professional trained to work with law enforcement personnel….WHY?

    • Delivering mental health care to members of the law enforcement community is difficult

    • Police officer’s often resist to counseling

      • Strong sense of self-sufficiency and insist that they can solve their own problems.

      • Officer’s generally possess skepticism of outsiders and have difficulty trusting counselors.


Police involved shooting intervention3
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

A post-shooting intervention should be conducted by a licensed mental health professional trained to work with law enforcement personnel….WHY?

  • Counselors may not have a thorough understanding of policing

  • Officer’s use humor to vent

  • Officer may evaluate counselor


Police involved shooting intervention4
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Co-worker support:

  • Look for signs of change in behavior

    • Abuse of alcohol/ drugs

    • Explosive anger/ rage

    • Sexual acting out

    • Increased use of sick time


Police involved shooting intervention5
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Co-worker support:

  • Do’s:

    • Provide support

    • Express concern

    • Listen


Police involved shooting intervention6
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Co-worker support:

  • Don’t

    • Make judgmental remarks about tactics

    • Joke

    • Make negative comments

    • Minimize impact


Police involved shooting intervention7
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Peer/ family support

  • Prior to shootings, families of officer’s should be made aware of reactions to traumatic incidents

  • Problems may surface at home

  • Family members are convenient target for officer’s misplaced emotions


Police involved shooting intervention8
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Why is it important to seek intervention after a police involved shooting?

PROMOTE OFFICER’S ABILITY TO SURVIVE!


Police involved shooting intervention9
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

We Have It Hard Enough:

Life expectancy: 77 v. 59

Divorce rate: 55% v. 84%


Police involved shooting intervention10
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Benefits of police shooting intervention:

  • Ensures new coping skills

  • Reduces long term stress

    • Illness

    • Retirement

    • Suicide


Police involved shooting intervention11
Police Involved Shooting Intervention

Benefits of police shooting intervention:

  • Reduces turnover and health insurance costs

  • Improves communication

  • Increases productivity

  • Raises morale

  • Promote the officer’s ability to survive


Recommended agency protocol
Recommended Agency Protocol

  • 31 step recommended agency protocol

    • Review handout


Objective review2
Objective Review

  • Without reference to notes, list five examples of critical incidents, without error.

  • Without reference to notes, list three signs of stress that a Police Officer may experience after a police involved shooting, without error


Objective review3
Objective Review

  • Without reference to notes, verbally state two examples of a perceptual distortion a police officer may experience from a police involved shooting, without error.

  • Without reference to notes, list two benefits of police involved shooting intervention, without error.

  • Without reference to notes, list two recommended agency protocol's, after an officer is involved in a shooting, without error.


Summary
Summary

  • Do what is necessary to survive and never give up the will to live

    • Be aware of emotional impact

    • Seek counseling…it’s OK


Be safe
BE SAFE!

Thank You