Intermediate Composition. Gr 11 photography VMC. Composition Perspective Proportions Shapes Placement Golden ratio Guiding the eye Framing Structure M ovement. Topics. Composition is the skillful control of the disposition of elements within the picture frame for expressive effect.
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Gr 11 photography VMC
Composition is the skillful control of the disposition of elements within the picture frame for expressive effect.
Perspective is the way in which three-dimensional objects with depth are rendered onto a two-dimensional, flat surface.
Long-focal length perspective is shorthand for viewing the subject from a great distance using a telephoto lens in order to make objects appear to be similar in size and near each other.
The two ways to control proportions are by varying the shape of the image canvas (square, tall, wide, round) and by placement of the key elements of the image.Proportions
Composition can convey broad notions according to subject placement and resulting proportions. Some of these are:
The Golden Ratio: It is the ratio where the longer section divided by the shorter section is the same as the total length divided by the longer section; it equals approximately 1.618.
To guide the viewer’s eye around an image they key element is the shape of the picture within the frame, and this depends on how we structure the picture space. These are known as achromatic features – or those defined exclusively by light, line, and shade.
Another way to shape in image is to create a frame. This frame offers a reference against which less strongly shaped objects can relate. Vignetting– or darkening the corners of an image is another way to add shape. The darkening helps guide the eye to the central subject.
Fig. __. Photography by Julie Laurent from “I heart vignette,” Nenu.co; Web; Feb. 9 2012.Vignetting
The magic of picture composition is in convincing viewers that they are seeing a three-dimensional image.
Fig. Photography by Unknown from Perfect Digital Photography; Print; 2009.Structure
The most rewarding movements are usually the simplest -- diagonal across the image or a spiral for the edge to the centre.