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“Generations” Understanding the Cross-Generational Workplace. Generation is …. Is the aggregate of all people born over roughly the span of a phase of life. Particularly telling are a generation’s defining moments:. Social. External Factors. Personal.

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Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

“Generations”

Understanding the Cross-Generational Workplace


Generation is
Generation is …

Is the aggregate of all people born over roughly the span of a phase of life .



Formation of world view

Social

External Factors

Personal

Birth 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

AGE (years)

Formation Of World View


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

USCG Demographics

E 1 445 / 442 99.3%

E 2 3,104 / 3,103 99.9%

E 3 3,516 / 3,507 99.7%

E 4 5,941 / 5,908 99.4%

E 5 5,824 / 4,943 84.87%

E 6 5,288 / 2,608 49.3%

E 7 2,666 / 526 19.7%

E 8 539 / 22 4.0%

E 9 261 / 4 1.5%

TOTAL 27,584 / 18,273 66.2%

E 1 - E 6 24,118 / 20,511 85.0%

Numbers of Coast Guard Enlisted Personnel under the age of 36 as of 01/01/00


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

USCG Demographics

W 2 696 / 75 10.7%

W3 351 / 1 0.2%

W4 363 / 0 0%

O1 334 / 329 98.5%

O2 1,038 / 1,005 96.8%

O3 5,288 / 2,608 63.9%

O4 1,045 / 262 25.0%

O5 717 / 0 0%

O6 316 / 0 0%

O7-10 26/ 0 0%

TOTAL 10,168 / 4,280 42.0%

O 1 - O4 7,705 / 4,204 54.5%

Numbers of Coast Guard Officer Personnel under the age of 36 as of 01/01/00


Generations
Generations

  • G.I. Generation

  • Silent

  • Boomer

  • Generation X

  • Millennial


Living generations
Living Generations

  • G.I. Generation (1901-1924)

  • Depression Years World War II Entitlements Rebuild the World Belief in Progress Presidency from JFK to Bush

JFK, Ronald Reagan, Walt Disney, Judy Garland, John Wayne, Walter Cronkite


Living generations1
Living Generations

  • Silents (1925-1942)

  • Korean War, Technocrats, Sandwiched, Mediators, No President, Permission Givers Retirement

Colin Powell, Walter Mondale, Woody Allen, Martin Luther, King Jr., Sandra Day O’Connor, Elvis Presley


Silent generational personality
Silent Generational Personality

  • Conformers

  • Interested in the system rather than individual enterprise

  • No individual culture - sandwiched group

  • Looked to refine and humanize the G.I built world


Silents on the job
Silents on the Job

Assets

  • Detail Oriented

  • Loyal

  • Thorough

  • Stable


Silents on the job1
Silents on the Job

Liabilities

  • Reluctant to buck the system

  • Uncomfortable with conflict

  • Reluctant to go against peers

  • Overly resistant to change


Living generations2
Living Generations

  • Boomers (1943-1963)

  • Vietnam, Inner Directed, Transform World, New Women’s Role, Left Mainline Church, Mid-Life Issues (reinventing them!)

Bill Clinton, Newt Gingrich, Spike Lee, Steven Spielberg, Bill Gates

Candice Bergmen,


Boomer generational personality
Boomer Generational Personality

  • Believe in growth and expansion

  • Think of themselves as stars of the show

  • Tend to be optimistic

  • Learned about teamwork

  • Have pursued their own personal gratification --repeatedly, obsessively, and recreationally


How boomers differ from their parents

GI/Silent

Followed traditional roles (male/female, ethnic)

Loyal (to their marriages & companies)

Disciplined and patient, waiting for the rewards

Played by the rules

Boomers

Redefined roles; promoted equality

Left unfulfilling relationships

Sought immediate gratification

Manipulated the rules

How Boomers Differ From Their Parents


Boomers on the job
Boomers on the Job

Assets

  • Service oriented

  • Driven

  • Willing to “go the extra mile”

  • Good at relationships

  • Want to please

  • Good team players


Boomers on the job1
Boomers on the Job

Liabilities

  • Not naturally “budget minded”

  • May put process ahead of result

  • Overly sensitive to feedback

  • Judgmental of others seeing things differently

  • Self-centered


Messages that motivate
Messages That Motivate

  • “You’re important to our success.”

  • “You’re valued here.”

  • “Your contribution is unique and important.”

  • “We need you.”

  • “I approve of you.”

  • “You’re worthy.”


Boomers
Boomers

What the Other Generations Say About Them

G. I.’s say . . .

  • They talk about things they ought to keep private…like the intimate details of their personal lives.”

  • “They’re too self-absorbed.”


Boomers cont
Boomers Cont.

What the Other Generations Say About Them

Gen Xers say . . .

  • “They’re self-righteous.”

  • “They’re workaholics.”

  • “They’re too political,

  • “They do a great job of talking the talk.

  • “Lighten up; it’s only a job.”

  • “What’s the management fad this week?”


Today s workplace boomers x ers and millennials
Today’s Workplace:Boomers, X’ers, and Millennials

Boomers

76 Million

Generation X

51 Million

Millennials

72 Million


Living generations3
Living Generations

  • Generation X (1964-1983)

  • Desert Storm, Down Sizing, Increased Violence, Broken Homes, Boomerang, Hi-Tech, Diverse, Hope (Is there any?) Friends

Tom Cruise, Jodie Foster, Michael Dell, Deion Sanders, Alanis Morissett

Winonna Ryder,


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

Movie Portrayals of “Evil Children

During X’ers Growth Years

MOVIES

1964 Children of the Damned

1968 Rosemary’s Baby

1973 The Exorcist

1974 It’s Alive!

1976 The Omen

1977 Exorcist II: The Heretic

1978 Damien- Omen II

1978 Halloween

1980 The Children

1981 The Final Conflict

1984 Children of the Corn


Gen xers on the job
Gen Xers on the Job

Assets

  • Adaptable

  • Negotiation skills

  • Independent

  • Not easily intimidated by authority

  • Creative


Gen xers on the job1
Gen Xers on the Job

Liabilities

  • Impatient

  • Poor people skills

  • Inexperienced

  • Cynical


How xer s differ from the previous generation

Boomers

Fight against authority

Media darlings

Workaholics

Political at work

Nostalgia for the 1960’s

Xers

Go around authority

Avoid the media

Get a life

Politics is a waste of time

Oh, Lord, not again

How Xer’s Differ From The Previous Generation


Gen xers
Gen Xers

What the Other Generations Say About Them

G. I.’s say . . .

  • “They’re not educated.”

  • “They don’t respect experience.”

  • “They don’t follow procedures.”

  • “They don’t know what hard work is.”


Gen xers cont
Gen Xers Cont.

What the Other Generations Say About Them

Boomers say . . .

  • “They’re slackers.”

  • “They are rude and lack social skills.”

  • “They’re always doing things their own way, instead of the proscribed way (our way).”

  • “They spend too much time on the Internet.”

  • “They won’t wait their turn.”


Gen xers cont1
Gen Xers Cont

What the Other Generations Say About Them

Millennials say . . .

  • “Cheer up!”


Messages that motivate1
Messages That Motivate

  • “Do it your way.”

  • “We’ve got the newest technology.”

  • “There aren’t a lot of rules here.”

  • “We’re not very corporate.”

  • “We focus on results, not process.”


Living generations4
Living Generations

  • Millennials (1984-2005)

  • Net Generation, Lap Generation, Valuable Asset, Movie Heroes (kids fix it), Open (new info), Collaboration, Innovation, Early Responsibility

Jessica McClure, the Olsen twins, Prince William, Anna Kournikova


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

Movie Portrayals Children

During Millennials Growth Years

MOVIES

Raising Arizona

Baby Boom

Parenthood

Three Men and a Baby

Home Alone 1, 2,3

Honey, I Shrunk the Kids

Honey, We Shrunk Ourselves


Millennial persona traits
Millennial Persona Traits

  • Special

  • Sheltered

  • Confident

  • Team-oriented

  • Achieving

  • Pressured

  • Conventional


Messages that motivate2
Messages That Motivate

  • “You’ll be working with other bright, creative people.”

  • “Your boss is very experienced.”

  • “You and your coworkers can help turn this company around.”

  • “You will have chances to excel here.”


Gen yers
Gen Yers

What the Other Generations Say About Them

G. I.’s say . . .

  • “They have good manners.”

  • “They’re smart little critters.”

  • “They need to toughen up.”

  • “They watch too much TV…with crude language and violence.


Gen yers cont
Gen Yers Cont.

What the Other Generations Say About Them

Boomers say . . .

  • “They’re cute.”

  • “They need more discipline from their parents.”

  • “They can set the time on the VCR!”

  • “They need to learn to entertain themselves; they need too much attention.”


Gen yers cont1
Gen Yers Cont.

What the Other Generations Say About Them

Gen Xers say . . .

  • “Neo Boomers.”

  • “Here we go again…another self-absorbed generation of spoiled brats.”

  • “What do you mean, ‘What’s an album?”


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

Generational Comparisons

Core Values

Boomer’sXer’sMillennial’s

OptimismPragmatismCivic Duty

Team OrientationSelf-reliance Confidence

Personal GrowthBalanceAchievement

InvolvementDiversityStreet Smarts


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

Generational Comparisons

Heroes

Boomer’sXer’sMillennial’s

GandhiNONEMichael Jordan

Martin Luther KingPrincess Diana

John & Jackie KennedyMother Teresa

John GlennMark McGwire

Mia Hamm


Historical view of time
Historical View of Time

Over the millennia, man has developed three ways of thinking about time:

Chaotic - Dominate view of primitive man

Cyclical - Popular among ancient and traditional civilizations

Linear- Prescribed by most Western historians


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

At the core of modern history lies a

remarkable pattern. Over the past few

centuries, American society has

entered a new era--a new turning--

every two decades or so.


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

Turnings come in cycles of four. Each cycle spans a long human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.


Cycle of time
Cycle of Time human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

4th Turning

Winter

1st Turning

(Spring)

2nd Turning

Summer

3rd Turning

Fall


First turning is a high
First Turning: is a high human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

  • Upbeat era of strengthening institutions

  • Weakening individualism

  • New civic order

  • Culture feels conformist and wholesome

  • In current Millennial Cycle--American high of the Truman, Eisenhower & Kennedy pres


Second turning is an awakening
Second Turning: is an Awakening human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

  • A passionate era of spiritual upheaval.

  • Civic order comes under attack from a new set of values.

  • In current Millennial Cycle--Awakening was the Consciousness Revolution, from campus revolts of 1960’s to tax revolts of the 1980’s.


Third turning is an unraveling
Third Turning: human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.Is an Unraveling

  • Downcast era - strengthening individualism

  • Civic order declines and the culture feels splintered and decadent

  • In current Millennial Cycle--unraveling began with the cultural wars in mid-80’s

  • Era due to expire during the Oh-Oh Decade


Fourth turning is a crisis
Fourth Turning: is a Crisis human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

  • Decisive era of upheaval replacing the old civic order with a new one.

  • A sudden spark will catalyze a Crisis mood.

  • In current Millennial Cycle--due to begin shortly after the start of the new millennium.

  • The cycle starts over.


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

“Mountain Top” View of American History human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

  • New World 1594 - 1704

  • Revolutionary 1704 - 1794

  • Civil War 1794 - 1865

  • Great Power 1865 - 1946

  • Millennial 1946 - 2026?


Revolutionary cycle 1704 1794
Revolutionary Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1704 - 1794

Age of Empire

(1704-27) First confident flowering of provincial civilization: booming trade, recognizable cities, rising living standards.

1st Turning


Revolutionary cycle 1704 17941
Revolutionary Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction. 1704 - 1794

Great Awakening

(1727-46) Spiritual revival (Jonathan Edwards), pitting young believers against elders. Old World social barriers were burst.

2nd Turning


Revolutionary cycle 1704 17942
Revolutionary Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction. 1704 - 1794

French & Indian Wars

(1746-73) Economic and geographic mobility--growing debt, cynicism, wildness, weak leadership.

3rd Turning


Revolutionary cycle 1704 17943
Revolutionary Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction. 1704 - 1794

American Revolution

(1773-94) Boston Tea Party ignited a Colonial tinderbox; independence declared and Constitution ratified.

4th Turning


Great power cycle 1865 1946
Great Power Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1865 - 1946

Reconstruction & Gilded Age

(1865-86) New fortunes in railroads, mines, oil wells; middle class prospered; pragmatism.

1st Turning


Great power cycle 1865 19461
Great Power Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1865 - 1946

Third Great Awakening

(1886-1908) Labor riots, agrarian protests, muckrakers, settlement houses, evangelicals.

2nd Turning


Great power cycle 1865 19462
Great Power Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1865 - 1946

WWI & Prohibition

(1908-29) Widening class divisions; crumbling trusts, unions; fun-filled financial boom, Jazz Age, nihilism.

3rd Turning


Great power cycle 1865 19463
Great Power Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1865 - 1946

Great Depression & WWII

(1929-46) Stock crash and three-year economic free fall; New Deal, Pearl Harbor, D-day, A-bombs.

4th Turning


Millennial cycle 1946 2026
Millennial Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1946 - 2026 (?)

American High

(1946-64) America becomes global superpower; middle class grows; suburbs, interstate highways; bland, modernist, spirit-dead culture.

1st Turning


Millennial cycle 1946 20261
Millennial Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1946 - 2026 (?)

Consciousness Revolution

(1964-84) Riots, campus fury, war protests. Black power, environmental, feminist movements. Divorce epidemic, rise in violent crime.

2nd Turning


Millennial cycle 1946 20262
Millennial Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1946 - 2026 (?)

Cultural Wars

(1984-2005?) High-tech individualism, “family values” moralism; worries about crime, incivility, cultural decay.

3rd Turning


Millennial cycle 1946 20263
Millennial Cycle human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.1946 - 2026 (?)

Fourth Turning

(2005?-26?) Crisis catalyzes in the Oh-Oh Decade, climaxes around 2020, resolves a few years later.

4th Turning


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

As the Generations Turn. . . human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

TheSilentGeneration (born 1925-42) fades from power, taking with them their reputation for tolerance, due process and compromise.

Strauss/Howe, The Fourth Turning


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

As the Generations Turn. . . human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

Boomers(born 1943-60) become elder “priest-warriors,” willing to risk young lives for a higher cause. Pompous and principled, they accept fewer public benefits in return for enhanced moral authority.

Strauss/Howe, The Fourth Turning


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

As the Generations Turn. . . human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

X’ers (the 13th generation to call itself American, born 1961-81) reach midlife struggling economically but doing well in family life. They apply their well-honed survival skills to do some tough but necessary jobs for the nation.

Strauss/Howe, The Fourth Turning


Generations understanding the cross generational workplace

As the Generations Turn. . . human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.

Millennial(born 1982--) young adults bask in praise as they display optimism and teamwork, reduce crime and perform great civic deeds. The nation will not tolerate obstacles to their future.

Strauss/Howe, The Fourth Turning


Thank you
Thank You human lifetime, roughly 80-100 years. Together, the four turnings make up history’s seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, disorder, and destruction.