Starter – Respond to the Questions on notebook paper Suppose the your family were much larger – perhaps two or three times larger than it is now. What would be some of the benefits of living in a larger family? What might be some of the drawbacks, or costs?
Octavian became Caesar Augustus Julius Caesar’s grandnephew, Octavian, became Caesar Augustus, the supreme ruler of the Roman Empire
Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus One of the heroes of the Roman republic was Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus. In 458 B.C.E., the Roman Senate made Cincinnatus dictator, or supreme ruler, so that he could rescue the city from an attack by a neighboring tribe. After defeating the enemy, Cincinnatus willingly gave up his power and returned to his farm.
Read Section 34.3 Rome’s Conquest of the Italian Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E. Answer the two questions
Section 3 509 to 264 B.C.E. 1. How were the Romans able to take control of the Italian peninsula? 1. The Romans defeated the Etruscans, Samnities, and Greek city-states to take control of the Italian peninsula. The also formed alliances with neighbors.
Section 3 509 to 264 B.C.E. 2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why? 2. Plebeians would have objected to this expansion because they had to serve in the army. Defeated people would have objected because they had to serve in the army, pay Roman taxes, and couldn’t always become Roman citizens.
Section 4 Read 34.4 Overseas Expansion During the Punic Wars, 264 B.C.E. to 146 B.C.E. Answer the reading notes questions
Section 4 264 to 146 B.C.E. 1. Why did Romans fight the Punic Wars? What did they gain? 1. Rome fought with Carthage for control of the Mediterranean region. Rome gained control of North Africa, Spain, Macedonia, and Greece, Riches, slaves, and new ideas came form the conquered lands.
Section 4 264 to 146 B.C.E. 2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why? 2. Carthaginians would have objected because the Romans sold them into slavery and burned Carthage, Roman farmers would have objected because Hannibal destroyed many farms.
Section 5 Read 34.5 Expansion During the Final Years of the Republic, 145 B.C.E. to 44 B.C.E Answer the reading notes questions
Section 5 145 to 44 B.C.E 1. When Julius Caesar became dictator of Rome, what reforms did he make? 1. Julius Caesar began construction projects to provide work. He adopted a new calendar. He provided public entertainment for the poor. He also started new colonies and granted citizenship to people in Gaul and Spain.
Section 5 145 to 44 B.C.E 2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why? 2. People from conquered lands would objected to being enslaved. Farmers and laborers did not like losing their jobs to slaves. The Senate might have objected to expansion during tis period because military leaders were a threat to the Senators’ power.
Section 6 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. Read 34.6 Rome Becomes and Empire, 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. Answer the reading notes quesitons
Section 6 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. 1. Describe the Pax Romana and other positive aspects of Augustus’s reign. 1. The Pax Romana was a peaceful period of Roman rule in the Mediterranean that lasted 200 years. Caesar Augustus encouraged education, art, and literature, started new construction projects and public services; increased the size of the empire, and improved trade.
Section 6 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. 2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why? 2. Romans might have objected to the harsh punishments Augustus established for people who did not follow moral standards. They might also have objected to the Praetorian Guard and the need for huge army to control such a large amount of territory.